Philosophy of the Sciences. Early-Modern Scientific Method(s). Modern Scientific Method. What is it today? What do we call it? What is its purpose? Which fields of study employ it? Who are some important modern theoreticians of scientific method?. Ancient scientific method.
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Early-Modern Scientific Method(s)
-Few experiments, although Aristotle’s student Theophrastus did plant seeds sent to Athens by Alexander the Great;
-Little practical interest, except in the later Hellenistic and Roman periods (especially in medicine);
-Most activity we would now deem ‘scientific’ was observational in character, e.g. Aristotle’s treatises on animals;
-Astronomy, highly developed already by the Babylonians, originated in religion.
(GI, 15). Meaning?
Boyle Joined induction and retroduction (hypothetico-deduction).