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TNA Meeting Chattanooga, TN October 2009. Men in Nursing. Leonard C Lindsay, MSN, MPH, RN Associate Professor, Austin Peay State University Jennifer Murray, PhD (C) Researcher, Tennessee Center for Nursing. Data from the TN Board of Nursing Licensure Renewal Database

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TNA Meeting

Chattanooga, TN

October 2009

Men in Nursing

Leonard C Lindsay, MSN, MPH, RN

Associate Professor, Austin Peay State University

Jennifer Murray, PhD (C)

Researcher, Tennessee Center for Nursing


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Data from the

TN Board of Nursing Licensure Renewal Database

**Self reported data.


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TN Men in Nursing

  • 9.1% of TN RNs n=74,642 - 2008*

  • Employment Status

    • N = 6,361

      FT – 6,064

      PT – 297

  • *Most current data available from TN BON, license renewal database.

  • Self-reported data.


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TN Men in Nursing - Education

Male n=6,826 Female n=67,811


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TN Men in Nursing - Race

Male n=6,826 Female n=67,811


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TN Men in Nursing - Age

Male n=6,826 Female n=67,811


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TN Men in Nursing – Place of Employment

Percentage

Male n=6,826 Female n=67,811


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TN Men in Nursing – Place of Employment

Percentage

Male n=6,826 Female n=67,811

** Without Hospital Setting



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TN Men in Nursing – Employment Area

Male n=6,826 Female n=67,811



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TN Men in Nursing – Location(Residence)



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What do Men in Nursing Think

  • When did you first consider becoming a nurse?

  • What barriers have you encountered in school and the workplace?

  • What are the benefits and rewards of being a nurse?

  • How can nursing attract more men into the profession?


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Sources of Data

  • Leonard C. Lindsay

  • Bernard Hodes Group Study on Men in Nursing

  • TN Board of Nursing Licensure Database


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Leonard C. Lindsay

  • 33 years in the profession

  • Variety of educational and practice positions

  • Content validity to Men in Nursing Study


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Men in Nursing Study

  • Conducted by the Bernard Hodes Research Group

  • Completed in January 2005

  • Sponsored by the California Institute for Nursing and Health Care, Coalition for Nursing Careers in California

  • In consultation with the American Assembly for Men in Nursing and men in nursing


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Hodes Methodology

  • Online Survey

  • Convenience sample of 498 respondents who completed the Men in Nursing survey from October 17 through December 15, 2004

  • Survey made available to members of the American Assembly for Men in Nursing

  • Promoted on Nursing Spectrum/NurseWeek websites


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Hodes Methodology

  • Other health care organizations with significant male nursing populations


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Hodes data sample

  • 498 respondents

  • 93% RNs

  • 83% Caucasian

  • Average Age 44

  • ADN 38%, BSN 42% Basic Education

  • 15% Master’s in Nursing as Highest Degree

  • Residence, West 44%, Southeast 24%, Northeast 18%, Central 14%


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Hodes Data Sample

  • Specialties: Critical Care 27%, ED 23%, Med/surg20%

  • Expertise : Middle Management 19%, Educator 15%, Director 10%, Nurse Practitioner 10%

  • Average years in Nursing 14 years

  • Tenure with current employer : 59% with less than 5 years


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Areas of inquiry

  • Reasons for Choosing a Career in Nursing

  • Career Path

  • Long-term Career Goals

  • Special Challenges to Men Who Pursue a Nursing Career

  • Preconceptions of a Nursing Career

  • Benefits and Unique Selling Points of Nursing

  • How Nursing Could be Better Promoted


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Areas of Inquiry

  • Difficulties Encountered in Nursing Programs and Workplace due to Gender

  • Misperceptions About Men in Nursing

  • How to Best Attract More Men into the Nursing Field

  • Rewards of a Nursing Career


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Reasons for Choosing a Nursing Career

  • Desire to help people 4.24

  • Growth profession with many career paths 4.00

  • Desire to have a stable career 3.67

  • Desire variety of geographic career choices 3.45

  • Salary 3.26

  • Benefits 3.22


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Career Path

  • High School to Nursing School 20%

  • 2nd Career 44%

  • Following Military Service 17%


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Age Began to Consider a Nursing Career

  • Between 14-18 14%

  • Between 19-22 30%

  • Between 23-30 29%

  • Between 31-35 11%

  • Between 36-40 9%

  • Between 41-45 3%


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Long-Term Goals

  • Return to school for advanced degree 45%

  • Get into education/training 28%

  • Use my health care background in related industry 23%

  • Stay in Staff Nursing 23%

  • Eventually become a manager 14%


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Special Challenges To Men Who Want to Pursue Nursing Careers

  • Stereotypes 73%

  • Traditional Female Profession 59%

  • Other Professions seen as more appropriate for men 53%

  • Lack of Male Role Models/Mentors 42%

  • Lack of Guidance/Information in High School 27%

  • Perception salary not equal to other careers 21%


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Perceptions of Nursing Before Deciding Upon Career

  • Traditional female dominated profession 85%

  • Other professions perceived “more appropriate” 62%

  • Nursing salaries are not competitive with other careers 33%

  • Nursing is not an autonomous, decision-making profession 27%


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Benefits and Unique Selling Points of Being a Nurse

  • Stable career with growth in many career paths 77%

  • Ability to practice in a variety of geographic areas 69%

  • Career with few layoffs/downsizing 58%

  • Salary 37%

  • Scheduling Choices 30%

  • Benefits 15%




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Best Vehicles To Attract Men To Nursing Profession

  • More knowledgeable career consultants 4.42

  • School visits/male nurse presentations 4.40

  • Shadow programs 4.10

  • Ads in men’s magazines 4.09

  • Ads like J&J ads, geared to men 4.04


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Rewards of a Nursing Career Profession

  • Helping people 4.47

  • Ability to make a meaningful contribution 4.37

  • Upward career mobility 3.86

  • Geographic mobility 3.84

  • Financial security 3.76

  • Good benefits 3.71

  • Flexible scheduling 3.63


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Conclusions Profession

  • Men in Nursing are attracted to the professional with the same expectations of female counterparts

  • Men lack male role models and career counseling to nursing as a career option

  • Men who are older would benefit from more information about compensation , mobility and autonomy


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Conclusions Profession

  • Challenges that persist are stereotyping and cultural adaption into a traditionally female profession


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Questions? Profession