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Organizations as Machines. Gareth Morgan. The Chinese Gardener. In the story of Tzu-gung, what was the opinion of the old man towards machines and their influence on people? How can this debate be applied to today?. The Rise of Bureaucratic Organizations. What is a bureaucratic organization?

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the chinese gardener
The Chinese Gardener
  • In the story of Tzu-gung, what was the opinion of the old man towards machines and their influence on people?
  • How can this debate be applied to today?
the rise of bureaucratic organizations
The Rise of Bureaucratic Organizations
  • What is a bureaucratic organization?
  • How does Morgan describe the rise of bureaucracy?
  • What elements of the machine metaphor can be seen in the example of the management observation checklist for service personnel?
origins of mechanistic organization
Origins of Mechanistic Organization
  • How does Morgan tie the relationship between machines and the Industrial Revolution? Who does Morgan discuss?
  • Adam Smith: Division of Labour
  • Fredrick the Great: Vision of the “mechanized” army
principles of classical management theory
Principles of Classical Management Theory
  • Unit of command
  • Scalar chain
  • Span of control
  • Staff and line
  • Initiative
  • Division of work
  • Authority and responsibility
  • Centralization of authority
  • Discipline
  • Subordination of individual interest to general interest
  • Equity
  • Stability of tenure personnel
  • Esprit de corps
fredrick taylor scientific management
Fredrick Taylor: Scientific Management

What are the 5 principles of “Scientific Management”?

  • Shift all responsibility for the organization of work from the worker to the manager.
  • Use scientific methods to determine the most efficient way of doing work.
  • Select the best person to perform the job.
  • Train the worker to do the work efficiently.
  • Monitor worker performance to ensure that appropriate work procedures are followed and that appropriate results are achieved.
critically thinking about the theory
Critically thinking about the theory
  • What are some of the strengths of the machine metaphor?
  • What are some of the weaknesses of the machine metaphor?