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7-9. Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures. Course 3. Warm Up. Problem of the Day. Lesson Presentation. 7-9. Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures. Course 3. Warm Up Find the surface area of each rectangular prism. 1. length 14 cm, width 7 cm, height 7 cm

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**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Warm Up Find the surface area of each rectangular prism. 1.length 14 cm, width 7 cm, height 7 cm 2. length 30 in., width 6 in., height 21 in 3. length 3 mm, width 6 mm, height 4 mm 4. length 37 in., width 9 in., height 18 in. 490 cm2 1872 in2 108 mm2 2322 in2**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Problem of the Day A model of a solid-steel machine tool is built to a scale of 1 cm = 10 cm. The real object will weigh 2500 grams. How much does the model, also made of solid steel, weigh? 2.5 g**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Learn to make scale models of solid figures.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Insert Lesson Title Here Vocabulary capacity**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Insert Lesson Title Here Corresponding edge lengths of any two cubes are in proportion to each other because the cubes are similar. However, volumes and surface areas do not have the same scale factor as edge lengths. Each edge of the 2 ft cube is 2 times as long as each edge of the 1 ft cube. However, the cube’s volume, or capacity, is 8 times as large, and its surface area is 4 times as large as the 1 ft cube’s.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Helpful Hint Multiplying the linear dimensions of a solid by n creates n2 as much surface area and n3 as much volume. Course 3 Insert Lesson Title Here**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 3 cm cube 3 cm 1 cm cube 1 cm Course 3 Additional Example 1A: Scaling Models That Are Cubes A 3 cm cube is built from small cubes, each 1 cm on an edge. Compare the following values. A. the edge lengths of the large and small cubes Ratio of corresponding edges = 3 The edges of the large cube are 3 times as long as the edges of the small cube.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 3 cm cube 54 cm2 1 cm cube 6 cm2 Course 3 Additional Example 1B: Scaling Models That Are Cubes B. the surface areas of the two cubes Ratio of corresponding areas = 9 The surface area of the large cube is 9 times that of the small cube.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 3 cm cube 27 cm3 1 cm cube 1 cm3 Course 3 Additional Example 1C: Scaling Models That Are Cubes C. the volumes of the two cubes Ratio of corresponding volumes = 27 The volume of the large cube is 27 times that of the small cube.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 2 cm cube 2 cm 1 cm cube 1 cm Course 3 Try This: Example 1A A 2 cm cube is built from small cubes, each 1 cm on an edge. Compare the following values. A. the edge lengths of the large and small cubes Ratio of corresponding edges = 2 The edges of the large cube are 2 times as long as the edges of the small cube.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 2 cm cube 24 cm2 1 cm cube 6 cm2 Course 3 Try This: Example 1B B. the surface areas of the two cubes Ratio of corresponding areas = 4 The surface area of the large cube is 4 times that of the small cube.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 2 cm cube 8 cm3 1 cm cube 1 cm3 Course 3 Try This: Example 1C C. the volumes of the two cubes Ratio of corresponding volumes = 8 The volume of the large cube is 8 times that of the small cube.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 6 in. 6 in. 4 ft 48 in. = = 1 8 Course 3 Additional Example 2: Scaling Models That Are Other Solid Figures A box is in the shape of a rectangular prism. The box is 4 ft tall, and its base has a length of 3 ft and a width of 2 ft. For a 6 in. tall model of the box, find the following. A. What is the scale factor of the model? Convert and simplify. The scale factor of the model is 1:8.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Length: 3 ft = in. = 4 in. Width: 2 ft = in. = 3 in. The length of the model is 4 in., and the width is 3 in. 1 1 24 1 36 1 8 8 8 2 8 2 Course 3 Additional Example 2B: Scaling Models That Are Other Solid Figures B. What are the length and the width of the model?**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures 6 in. 6 in. 8 ft 96 in. = = 1 16 Course 3 Try This: Example 2A A box is in the shape of a rectangular prism. The box is 8 ft tall, and its base has a length of 6 ft and a width of 4 ft. For a 6 in. tall model of the box, find the following. A. What is the scale factor of the model? Convert and simplify. The scale factor of the model is 1:16.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Length: 6 ft = in. = 4 in. Width: 4 ft = in. = 3 in. The length of the model is 4 in., and the width is 3 in. 1 1 48 1 72 1 16 16 16 2 16 2 Course 3 Try This: Example 2B B. What are the length and the width of the model?**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures x 30 s 1 ft3 8 ft3 = Course 3 Additional Example 3: Business Application It takes 30 seconds for a pump to fill a cubic container whose edge measures 1 ft. How long does it take for the pump to fill a cubic container whose edge measures 2 ft? Find the volume of the 2 ft cubic container. V = 2 ft 2 ft 2 ft = 8 ft3 Set up a proportion and solve. Cancel units. 30 8 = x Multiply. 240 = x Calculate the fill time. It takes 240 seconds, or 4 minutes, to fill the larger container.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures x 30 s 1 ft3 27 ft3 = Course 3 Try This: Example 3 It takes 30 seconds for a pump to fill a cubic container whose edge measures 1 ft. How long does it take for the pump to fill a cubic container whose edge measures 3 ft? Find the volume of the 2 ft cubic container. V = 3 ft 3 ft 3 ft = 27 ft3 Set up a proportion and solve. 30 27 = x Multiply. 810 = x Calculate the fill time. It takes 810 seconds, or 13.5 minutes, to fill the larger container.**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Insert Lesson Title Here Lesson Quiz: Part 1 A 10 cm cube is built from small cubes, each 1 cm on an edge. Compare the following values. 1. the edge lengths of the two cubes 2. the surface areas of the two cubes 3. the volumes of the two cubes 10:1 100:1 1000:1**7-9**Scaling Three-Dimensional Figures Course 3 Insert Lesson Title Here Lesson Quiz: Part 2 4. A pyramid has a square base measuring 185 m on each side and a height of 115 m. A model of it has a base 37 cm on each side. What is the height of the model? 5. A cement truck is pouring cement for a new 4 in. thick driveway. The driveway is 90 ft long and 20 ft wide. How long will it take the truck to pour the cement if it releases 10 ft3 of cement per minute? 23 cm 60 min

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