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FACULTY OF EDUCATION EDU5810 EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING DR. RAMLI BIN BASRI ROOM G28, TEL: office 03-8946 8248, H/P PowerPoint Presentation
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FACULTY OF EDUCATION EDU5810 EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING DR. RAMLI BIN BASRI ROOM G28, TEL: office 03-8946 8248, H/P - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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L2. FACULTY OF EDUCATION EDU5810 EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING DR. RAMLI BIN BASRI ROOM G28, TEL: office 03-8946 8248, H/P 019 224 1332 ( sms prefered ) E-MEL: ramlibasri@upm.edu.my. EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING. DEFINITIONS

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FACULTY OF EDUCATION

EDU5810 EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING

DR. RAMLI BIN BASRI

ROOM G28, TEL: office 03-8946 8248, H/P 019 224 1332 (smsprefered)

E-MEL: ramlibasri@upm.edu.my

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EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING

DEFINITIONS

Policy- “ a plan of action, statement of ideals, etc proposed or adopted by a government, political party, business, etc.”

Policy – “... a policy establishes general parameters for the decision maker rather than specifically stating what should or should not be done. Policy typically contains an ambiguous term that leaves interpretation up to the decision maker.”

Robbins, SP., and Coulter, M., Management, Pearson 2009, p. 144.

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 1999, p.893

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Policy making- “From the government’s perspective, policy making is simply considered to be ‘the process by which governments translate their political vision into programmes and actions to deliver “outcomes” – desired changes in the real world.’

‘Modernising Government’ White Paper, 1999. Cited in Bates et al. Education Policy, Practice and the Professional, Continuum, 2011, p.39.

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“Educational policy refers to the raft of laws and initiatives that determine the shape and functioning of educational systems at both a national and a local level.”

Bates et al, (Ibid, p.39).

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DEFINITIONS

Plan – “an idea or a method that has been thought about in detail in advance; an intention.”

Planning- “ A management function that involves defining goals, establishing strategies for achieving those goals, and developing plans to integrate and coordinate activities.”

Robbins et all,Ibid, p. 576

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 1999, p. 881

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EDUCATION

  • A well grounded discipline
  • A very comprehensive and complex subject
  • “..does not happen in a vacuum : it is intimately linked to economic, social and political events.”
  • Bates et al, Ibid, p.4.
  • “Education is one generation’s contribution to those that follow. It is a costly enterprise and should be treated as an investment, not simply a payout.”
  • Kaufman et al, Educational Planning, P.3

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EDUCATION

“…the level of education and skills of nations, companies and individuals is considered a crucial parameter of competition in the present globalised market and knowledge society.”

IIIeris, K., Edited, Contemporary Theories of Learning, 2011. p.1

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National/

Government Aspiration

School/College/University/

Institution

Teaching & Learning

Finance & Budget

Adult /Extension Education

Educ. Policy Scope/ Environment

Good Governance

Teacher/ Lecturer Professionalism

Leadership

Development

Management Development

Higher Education

Technology & ICT

Curriculum

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Change

Innovate

Policy Formulation

Reform

Status quo

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What is Change?

  • Change happens when something evolves whether physically or characteristically into a new form.
  • We say water has changed when its colorless nature becomes yellowish. Water has also changed when its pleasant taste becomes sour.
  • Likewise, change happens when a student improves her/his academic performance.

MohdMajidKonting, UPM, 2011.

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What is Reformation?

  • A planned change is called a reformation.
  • The aim is to improve a situation or condition with purposeful intervention.
  • It involves five major domains; namely human, location, economic, activity, and movement.
  • Since its aim is to improve the overall situation, mostly involving all five domains of change, reformation has always been associated with radical, holistic change.

MohdMajidKonting, UPM, 2011.

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Cabinet

Parliament/Politicians

Public Officials

Cabinet

Committees

Major Players in Policy Making Process

Non-Governmental

Organizations

Influential

Academics

Professional Organizations

Parents & Children

Practitioners

Adapted: Bates et al, Ibid, p.34.

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Summary

  • Educational policy & planning is a continuous process
  • Population is increasing in number
  • Public expectation
  • Simplifying complex systems
  • Scarcity of resources
  • Demand for good governance and best practices

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L2b

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

EDU5810 EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING

DR. RAMLI BIN BASRI

ROOM G28, TEL: office 03-8946 8248, H/P 019 224 1332 (smsprefered)

E-MEL: ramlibasri@putra.upm.edu.my

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MALAYSIAN EDUCATION POLICY AND LAW

by:

Dr. Ramli Bin Basri

ramlibasri@upm.edu.my

Tel: 019 224 1332

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contents
CONTENTS
  • Introduction to Public Policy
  • Policy Process
  • National Education Policy (NEP): Basic Policy and the National Education System
  • The Education Act 1996

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issues and policy
ISSUES AND POLICY
  • Policies enacted following an issue or challenge in environment policy
  • The scope of public policy is the community and the environment within the territory and sovereignty of a nation
  • An issue or challenge exists when there is a problem or situation or challenge in the community / clients within the policy environment.

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issues
ISSUES
  • Issues are problems, complaints, criticisms, opposition, or challenges that involves a large number of members of a community or nation.
  • Resolution of issues is beyond their means
  • Issues that receives the attention of MPs, ministers and PM will be the agenda of policy actions.

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issues and policy1
ISSUES AND POLICY

Issue will be assessed whether it can be addressed by:

  • using the existing policy (if any),
  • improvement of existing policies or
  • formulate new policies or
  • The issue is a problem that does not require action as it will go away.

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policy
POLICY
  • Policies designed to address the issue
  • Each policy has established goals, objectives and strategies
  • To be successful, policies must be consistent with other policies and
  • Policies should not conflict with other policies

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definition of public policy
DEFINITION OF PUBLIC POLICY
  • Government's choice whether to do something or not do something
  • Government's choice to clarify, explain, defend, lead or outline an action either express or intended
  • Something that is formulated to express or describe the intent, purpose and goals of the government
  • ….

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…DEFINITION OF PUBLIC POLICY

  • Value of the regulatory requirement imposed by the authority on society and environment / territory / colony
  • Program for the values, practices and objectives that have been projected

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formation of public policy in malaysia
FORMATION OF PUBLIC POLICY IN MALAYSIA

POLICY DECISION MAKER

  •  Rulers
  •  Parliament
  •  Cabinet

POLICY FOMULATOR

  • Professional and Administrator

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formation of public policy in malaysia1
…FORMATION OF PUBLIC POLICY IN MALAYSIA

POLICY IMPLEMENTOR

  • Professional and Administrator

POLICY TARGET

  • People and the environment (Stakeholder Group and at risk Group )

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policy categories
POLICY CATEGORIES
  • Constitution, Acts, Rules & Regulations
  • Policy
  • Plans
  • Program
  • Project
  • Scheme

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policy implementation in the form of
POLICY IMPLEMENTATION in the form of:
  • Program
  • Project
  • Plan
  • Activities
  • Scheme
  • Strategy
  • Intervention

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policy communication
POLICY COMMUNICATION
  • Circular
  •  Handout (books, pamphlets.)
  •  Mechanism
  •  Guidelines

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2 policy process
2. POLICY PROCESS

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policy process
POLICY PROCESS
  • Identify problems, challenges
  • Structuring problems, challenges to the issue, the policy objectives
  • Submit policy alternatives for the approval
  • Policy Statement
  • Policy action plan: Programs, Activities, Implementation Mechanism
  • Policy Outcome
  • Policy Evaluation: Continue @ Stop @ Improvements
  • Intervention Policy

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policy formation
POLICY FORMATION

Policy proposal should take into account

  • Political Expediency / Support
  • Financial Capability
  • Professional Capacity
  • Administrative Operability

Taking into account the importance of

  • Policy Actors / Advocators
  • Policy Stakeholders
  • Policy Risk Groups

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formation of education policy
FORMATION OF EDUCATION POLICY

Stages of Policy Proposal

  • Department / Division Meetings
  • MOE Meeting on Profesional Matters (education)
  • MOE Management Meeting
  • Education Planning Committee Meeting
  • Cabinet Meeting
  • Bill
  • Rulers Council

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group project
GROUP PROJECT
  • What are the current policy issue now?
  • You could start thinking about a policy proposal on such issue.

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Thank You…

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