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Crimes against Women Rape/Sexual Assault Battering/Assault Intimate Violence: Includes battering, and some rape/sexual assault cases
Prevalence Rates • Rape & sexual assault • From NCVS 270/100,000 • 1/5th are by “intimates” • Lifetime chances of rape for women = 18-25%, depending upon study • 75% of rapes are perpetrated by offenders “known to” the woman • Battering • NCVS: 400/100,000 • Conflict Tactic Scale Studies: 12% of husbands battered in past year, 27% ever in marriage • Given patterns of underreporting, true rates are assumed to be higher
Social Correlates • Age • Race • Class • Social Correlates (especially race and class) as a political “hot button” • Individual Correlates? • The issue of “abnormality”
Controversies • Are rape and battering different from other crimes? • Need separate explanation? • Do “mainstream theories” apply? • The issue of “Sexual Symmetry” in marital violence
Reducing Crimes Against Women • The Sherman Experiment (1992) • Replication attempts • Unintended consequences • Rehabilitation? • Patriarchy and Social Change