Shock. Lesson 10. Lesson Objectives. Explain what happens inside the body with severe blood loss. List common causes of shock. Describe first aid steps for a victim in shock. Describe ways to prevent exposure to known allergens. Describe the first aid for anaphylaxis. Shock.
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Three general conditions must be present:
Loosen any tight clothing.
1. Call 911
2. Give basic life support (BLS) as needed
3. Help victim use his or her epinephrine kit
4. Help victim sit up in position of easiest breathing
Seated at a nearby table at a local Mexican restaurant are a woman, her two daughters, and her daughter’s friend. They are sharing a variety of dishes and having a good time – until abruptly the friend puts down her fork and leans back in her seat, looking ill. You notice her face seems puffy around the mouth, and she is obviously having trouble breathing. The mother and two daughters are asking her if she is okay but don’t seem to know what to do. With your first aid training, you recognize the situation as a possible food allergy.
What do you do?
The rear bumper of a truck backing up to the loading dock strikes a man’s leg above the knee, knocking him down. He is yelling with pain, and his leg looks twisted and distorted above the knee. By the time you reach him he has become quiet and seems confused about what happened. He is sweating but his skin is cool and clammy.
What should you do?
You are finishing lunch in a restaurant with a co-worker when she says she doesn’t feel well. She is wheezing and short of breath, and holding her throat. Her eyes look puffy. You ask her if she has any allergies and she says she is allergic to peanuts, but didn’t think there were any nuts in the sauce on her food. Her wheezing becomes worse, and she is very agitated.
What do you do?
While working outdoors, your co-worker is stung by a bee. He says he is allergic to bees. Almost immediately he starts having difficulty breathing.
What is the first thing you should ask him?