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Electric Vehicle Infrastructure. A Guide for Local Governments in Washington State. Ivan Miller Principal Planner, AICP. Get Plug-In Ready Conference September 2010. Statewide. 2. 1481 and Local Jurisdictions. Greater Central Puget Sound Region. Everett. Seattle. Tacoma.

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electric vehicle infrastructure
Electric Vehicle Infrastructure

A Guide for Local Governments in Washington State

Ivan Miller

Principal Planner, AICP

Get Plug-In Ready Conference

September 2010

1481 and local jurisdictions

Statewide

2

1481 and Local Jurisdictions

Greater Central Puget Sound Region

Everett

Seattle

Tacoma

  • Electric Vehicle Infrastructure:
  • Battery Charging Stations (includes Rapid)
  • Rapid Charging Stations
  • Battery Exchange Stations

Olympia

hb 1481 guidance

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

3

HB 1481 Guidance
  • Introduction
    • Purpose, relevant state laws, other codes and standards
  • Sec 1: Model Ordinance
    • Whereas statements
  • Sec 2: Model Regulations
    • Efficiently “allow” EVI
  • Sec 3: Resources
    • Glossary, Resource Documents
  • Appendices
    • Installation guides, installation checklists, research documents
  • Explanatory Comments
sec 2 model regulations guidance

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

4

Sec 2. Model Regulations & Guidance
  • Illustrative chapters–reflected differently in different jurisdictions
  • Guidance where regulations not needed or standards do not exist

House Bill 1481

Guidance

  • Quickly show some sections
examples of definitions
Examples of Definitions

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Development Regulations

  • 1.1 “Battery Charging Station”
    • Level 1, 2, and 3 (rapid charging stations)
  • 1.4 “Charging Levels”
    • Level 1, 2, and 3 (user focus, evolving standards)
  • 1.6 “Electric Vehicle”
    • BEV, PHEV, NEV, MSEV; (not hybrids (enforcement))
  • 1.7 “Electric Vehicle Charging Station”
    • Space, EV equipment, and electric vehicle
    • Permitted outright as accessory use if Level 1 and 2

House Bill 1481

Guidance

vehicles and traffic
Vehicles and Traffic

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Development Regulations

  • General Provisions
    • EVs can park in any legal space
  • Prohibitions
    • At EV charging station, must be EV, must be charging
    • Charging defined as connected to equipment
  • Noticing (Signage)
    • Three signs (EV charging station, charging only, duration)
  • Violations and Penalties
    • Infraction, fine amount reference, towing
  • CA experience: ICEd and Hybrided at EV Charge Stations

House Bill 1481

Guidance

zoning allowed uses table
Zoning – Allowed Uses Table

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Development Regulations

House Bill 1481

Guidance

  • Beyond minimum (residential charging, critical and NR areas)
  • In affected zones, regulations cannot preclude but can mitigate
zoning off street charging stations
Zoning - Off-Street Charging Stations

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Development Regulations for private installations

Off-Street EV Charging Stations –

  • Number of stations
  • Counts towards minimum parking requirements
  • Location and Design Criteria
    • Signage and Demarcation
    • Accessibility Guidelines
    • Maintenance
    • Lighting
  • Notifications
  • Signage
  • Data collection at stations

House Bill 1481

Guidance

  • Best practices – avoids problems
zoning accessibility
Zoning – Accessibility

Guidance

Market – supply and demand

EV Survey background research

Lack of specific WA standard

Unique facilities with charging as main purpose

ADA parking already in lot

ADA provisions for equipment (controls, heights)

Hotel room analogy – accessible to all, not dedicated

  • First EV Charging Station must be accessible
  • Ratio for subsequent stations

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

House Bill 1481

Guidance

zoning accessibility10

OPTION:

  • Adjacent to existing spot
  • Benefit from existing barrier free route and reach
  • OPTION:
  • Alternate site
  • Must have barrier free route and reach

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Zoning – Accessibility

House Bill 1481

Guidance

streets sidewalks and public places
Streets, Sidewalks and Public Places

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Regulations - Framework for public installations

On-Street EV Charging Stations –

  • Size
  • Location
  • Design Criteria
    • Signage
    • Maintenance
    • Accessibility
    • Clearance and Sidewalk widths
    • Location
    • Lighting
    • Protection of Equipment
  • Notification
  • Data collection during permitting

House Bill 1481

Guidance

signage examples
Signage Examples

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Guidance

House Bill 1481

Guidance

Highways

At EV Charging Station

- Approved iconic sign

- Experimentation being considered

- Turn-over and maximize use

- Requires enforcement

- Avoids ICE/Hybrids

- Used in all DOE markets

additional information in report
Additional Information in Report

ELECTRIC VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE: GUIDANCE FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

Residential and Commercial Installation Guidelines

Electric Vehicle Owner Survey

State Department of Ecology Regulations

State Building Code Council Findings

State Department of Labor & Industries Findings

Glossary, Resource Documents and Appendices

House Bill 1481

Process

Guidance

for more information
For More Information

Website: www.psrc.org/transportation/ev - click on Model Guidance

Contact: Ivan Miller, Growth Management Planning206-464-7549, imiller@psrc.org