The Early Evangelical Movement in England. Religion and Religious Change in England, c.1470-1558. A ‘MARTYR’ CHURCH. A ‘MARTYR’ CHURCH. A ‘Martyr’ Church:. William Tyndale. Detail:. Myth:. HISTORIOGRAPHY:. The ‘Long Reformation’ – consequences not causes: 1530-1558 neglected.
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Religion and Religious Change in England, c.1470-1558
NO ‘PROTESTANTS’ UNTIL 1529 (THE DIET OF SPEYER)
SIGNIFICANT GIVEN HENRY’S BREAK WITH ROME IN 1533
WAS THIS ANY DIFFERENT TO THE REST OF EUOPE?
Richard Nix (1530): priests graduating Cambridge: ‘savoureth the frying pan’.
Most significant challenge:
Erasmus’s New Testament (1516).
Vulgate bible shown to be full of errors.
Most comical -Exodus 34: Hebrew describes Moses’s face as ‘shining’ as he came from Mount Sinai with the 10 Commandments
Latin Vulgate as ‘horny’.
Artistic depictions with horns.
Shock of hearing Christ’s words in a new voice – and with new meanings – was seismic.
Whole authority of Western Church for 1000 years now challenged.
Directed into the Church, not against it.
Urge to reform present here – to rejuvenate a Church which devoted to.
That fundamental and impassioned belief in the Truth of the Church as an historical institution would be point of disputation with another man equally devoted to Erasmus, to classical learning and to the revitalisation of Christendom:
AT THIS POINT THERE IS NOT A ‘PARTY LINE’ BUT PASSIONATE DISCUSSION AROUND CORE ISSUES.
- John Frith – executed for heresy in 1533:
1) 1521-25 – internationalist period.
2) 1525-28 – Renaissance phase.
3) 1528-33 – shock & awe.
To convert, correct or dissuade from error.
Tunstall much speaking/effort. Try to restore to orthodoxy.
Even bent the legal procedure in Bilney’s trial to try to resolve
BATTLE LINES ‘PROTESTANT’ AND ‘CATHOLIC’ NOT YET DISCUSSION AROUND CORE ISSUES.DRAWN
Rigour DISCUSSION AROUND CORE ISSUES.and rule of the law to avoid equivocations and half measures:
Change late 1520s with ‘discovery’ of some men deemed to be ‘Lollards’.
More vigorous pursuit:
Cruel? Or rational?
Thomas More, Lord Chancellor from 1529.
John Stokesley – the new Bishop of London.
FUNDAMENATALLY A REJECTION OF THE DISCUSSION AROUND CORE ISSUES.REFORMERS’ VIEW THAT THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOCTRINE SINCE CHRIST HAD BEEN NOVEL, EVEN ARBITRARY.