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Sports Injuries. Fred Battee Iv. What is a sports injury. Injury caused when playing a sport Often due to overuse At times could be traumatic. Injuries from Overuse. Runner’s Knee Shin Splints Tennis Elbow Shoulder Problem. Runner’s Knee. - Chondromalacia patellae

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sports injuries

Sports Injuries

Fred Battee Iv

what is a sports injury
What is a sports injury
  • Injury caused when playing a sport
  • Often due to overuse
  • At times could be traumatic
injuries from overuse
Injuries from Overuse
  • Runner’s Knee
  • Shin Splints
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Shoulder Problem
runner s knee
Runner’s Knee

-Chondromalacia patellae

-Means soft tissue under the knee cap

-cause pain in front and back of knee

-Common in runners, basketball, and soccer players

treatment for runner s knee
Treatment for Runner’s Knee
  • Can be managed through RICE
    • Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
  • Anti-Inflammatory medications can be used
  • Physiotherapy
    • Physical Therapy
shin splints
Shin Splints

-Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

-Effects lower leg muscles

-Caused by too much force

-Could result into broken bones

-Common in runners

treatment for shin splints
Treatment for Shin Splints
  • Rest is the best treatment
  • Ultrasound, whirlpool baths, and electrical stimulation are alternative methods
  • If fractures occur, could take 3 months to heal
  • Appropriate footwear while running will reduce the risk in injury
tennis elbow
Tennis Elbow


-Overexertion is the main cause

-Outer part of the elbow becomes sore

Acute pain when person fully extends arms

treatment for tennis elbow
Treatment for Tennis Elbow
  • Non-Steriodal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
  • Injected drugs more effective than oral
  • Surgery may be required
shoulder problem
Shoulder Problem

-Dislocation > strong force pulls the shoulder outward

-Separation > when the collarbone meets the shoulder blade

-Rotator Cuff Tear > any type of irritation or damage to the rotator cuff muscles or tendons

treatment for shoulder problems
Treatment for Shoulder Problems
    • Protection
    • Rest
    • Ice
    • Compression
    • Elevation
other common types of sports injuries
Other Common Types of Sports Injuries
  • Contusion
  • Muscle Strain
  • Ligament Tear



-Commonly known as a bruise

-Caused by blunt trauma

-Damages small blood vessels and causes bleeding within tissues

-Are painful, but generally harmless

treatment for contusions
Treatment for Contusions
  • Rest
  • The RICE method
  • Painkillers
  • Light stretching days after the injury


muscle strain
Muscle Strain

-Injury to a muscle or tendon

-Also known as ‘pulling a muscle’

-Can result from overstretching

-Symptoms are localized pain, stiffness, bruising

treatment for muscle strains
Treatment for Muscle Strains
  • The first line of treatment is the RICE method
  • Ice and Compression method
    • This keeps swelling down and pain in one area
  • Painkillers
ligament sprain
Ligament Sprain

-Injury to a joint

-The ligament is stretched beyond capacity

-Some of the symptoms are pain, swelling, decreased ability to move limb

-Most common in ankles and knees

treatment of ligament sprains
Treatment of Ligament Sprains
  • RICE method
  • Rehab should start 2-3 days after the injury
  • Prolonged immobilization delays healing of the sprain
injury prevention
Injury Prevention
  • Warm-Up
    • Studies have shown that athletes who warm-up are less likely to have an injury
  • Take time off
    • Will allow your muscles to rest
  • Play Safe
be smart
Be Smart
  • Stop activity if there is any pain
  • Stay hydrated
  • Wear the right equipment

Thank you!