Outlining
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Outlining. A suggested outline (policy brief). Title Author Summary Statement of the issue or problem Background Existing policy situation Policy options Advantages and disadvantages of each option Evidence based on your research Your recommendations

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A suggested outline policy brief
A suggested outline (policy brief)

  • Title

  • Author

  • Summary

  • Statement of the issue or problem

  • Background

  • Existing policy situation

  • Policy options

    • Advantages and disadvantages of each option

    • Evidence based on your research

  • Your recommendations

  • References or further reading


Develop a structure then put information into it
Develop a structure, then put information into it

  • Make a short list of 7-8 categories your information falls into

  • Put the categories in a logical order

  • Sort your notes into these categories

  • Situation

  • Problem

  • Intervention

  • Results

  • Results

  • Analysis

  • Situation

  • Problem

  • Intervention

  • Examples

  • Analysis

  • Recommendations

  • Recommendations

  • Examples


Develop the structure from the information itself
Develop the structure from the information itself

  • Sort your information into categories: put similar types of information together

  • Give each category a title

  • Sort the categories into a logical order

  • Problem

  • Situation

  • Problem

  • Intervention

  • Results

  • Recommendations

  • Situation

  • Analysis

  • Examples

  • Analysis

  • Recommendations

  • Intervention

  • Examples

  • Results


Four ways to start writing
Four ways to start writing

  • Write a summary sentence

  • Write some possible leads

  • Write an ending

  • Write without notes


Overcoming writer s block 1
Overcoming writer’s block 1

  • Brainstorm

    • Get ideas from a group

    • Use cards to sort ideas

  • Make a mind map

    • Write down thoughts on the topic in a mind map diagram

  • Get someone to interview you

    • Tell him/her about your topic

    • He/she takes notes and ask questions


Overcoming writer s block 2
Overcoming writer’s block 2

  • Write down ideas in any order

    • Don’t worry about the words or sentence flow

    • Reorder ideas

    • Find the right words, then rewrite

  • Begin in the middle

    • Leave the intro till later, when you have a clearer idea of what the paper is about

  • Make a recording

    • Imagine your audience in front of you

    • Transcribe the recording


Overcoming writer s block 3
Overcoming writer’s block 3

  • Change the audience

    • Pretend you're writing to a child, a friend, someone new to the subject

    • Explain the topic slowly and clearly

  • Play a role

    • Pretend you are someone else writing

    • Eg, head of an NGO, company lobbyist


Brainstorming 1
Brainstorming 1

  • Needs several people

  • Take 5 minutes to think of ideas

    • Write ideas on cards – one per card

  • Each person gives one idea in turn

  • Go around group until ideas are exhausted


Brainstorming 2
Brainstorming 2

  • Put cards on table or floor

  • Sort cards into categories

  • Develop outline from categories

    • Categories become major headings

    • Individual cards become subheadings or points


Brainstorming rules
Brainstorming rules

  • Postpone and withhold your judgment of ideas

  • Encourage wild and exaggerated ideas

  • Quantity counts at this stage, not quality

  • Build on the ideas put forward by others

  • Every person and every idea has equal worth


Mind mapping 1

Subject

Main ideas

Details

Mind mapping 1


Mind mapping rules
Mind mapping rules

  • Write the subject in the centre of page

  • Draw a circle around it

  • For main subheadings, draw lines out from circle

  • Label lines with subheadings

  • Draw new lines to each subheading for each new idea. Add labels

  • For individual facts, draw lines from appropriate heading. Label them

  • Convert the mind map into an outline

    • Main ideas become main headings

    • Details become subheadings or individual points


Mind mapping

Kinna mkt

Transport

Conflict

Volume

Situation

Problem

Quality

Results

Intervention

Income

Coop growth

Coop

Buyer

Mind mapping

Livestock

marketing


Outlining in microsoft word 1
Outlining in Microsoft Word 1

Use Headings Styles

  • Heading 1

    • Heading 2

      • Heading 3

        • Body text body text body text body text body text body text body text body text body text


Outlining in microsoft word 2
Outlining in Microsoft Word 2

Use Outline View to see various levels in outline


Outlining in microsoft word 3
Outlining in Microsoft Word 3

  • Place cursor on heading

  • Select Level to change level of heading


Outlining in microsoft word 4
Outlining in Microsoft Word 4

  • Double-click on + to expand or contract text

  • Move up or down to change order of sections


Resources
Resources

  • www.brainstorming.co.uk

  • www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newISS_01.htm

  • owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_block.html