The Road to WWII. 1933: London Economic Conference: 66 nations met to figure out how to fight the Depression; FDR did not go because he was concerned about domestic recovery more than international issues. The collapse of international cooperation strengthened the dictators’ position.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
1933: London Economic Conference: 66 nations met to figure out how to fight the Depression; FDR did not go because he was concerned about domestic recovery more than international issues. The collapse of international cooperation strengthened the dictators’ position.
1935: Hitler called for compulsory military service
1936: Germany marched into Rhineland
1937: Japan invaded China
1937: FDR’s Quarantine Speech: “We should quarantine the aggressors by economic policy”
1938: Hitler annexed Austria
1938: Munich Conference: after Hitler took Sudetenland, Chamberlain negotiated “Peace in our time”
1939: USSR/ Germany non-aggression plan
1939: Hitler broke promise and invaded rest of Czechoslovakia
September 1, 1939: Poland invaded
Congress passed Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1937, 1939: US citizens could not travel on ships of “belligerent” nations, no arms sold to “belligerent” nations, and no loans extended; no arms to either side in Spanish Civil War
1939: Neutrality is relaxed through “Cash and Carry” Act: countries could buy US weapons if they paid cash and used their own ships.
1940: Selective Service Act: All American men 21 – 35 had to register for a draft
Franco, helped by Hitler, overthrew the Spanish government
US remained neutral, refusing to sell arms to either side, which helped cause the defeat of the Spanish democracy and emboldened the dictators.
US Reaction: Bill #1776: Lend-Lease Act: “Send guns, not sons!” By the end of the war, US had sent over $50 billion in arms and equipment.
Japanese war effort based on shipment of steel, scrap iron, oil from US, but in 1940, US began embargo.
1941: US/Japan negotiated and US demanded Japan withdraw from China; Japan refused
US had cracked Japanese code, but expected to be attacked at the Philippines