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Municipal Waste Futures. Bureau of Waste Management. Municipal Waste Present: 2006. Waste Deposited in 2006 ~ 23.9 million tons Waste Deposited from Pennsylvania ~ 14.4 million tons Waste Deposited from Out-of-State ~ 9.5 million tons. Municipal Waste Futures. Our thoughts:

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municipal waste futures

Municipal Waste Futures

Bureau of

Waste Management

Municipal Waste Present: 2006
  • Waste Deposited in 2006 ~ 23.9 million tons
  • Waste Deposited from Pennsylvania ~ 14.4 million tons
  • Waste Deposited from Out-of-State ~ 9.5 million tons
municipal waste futures1
Municipal Waste Futures

Our thoughts:

  • Minimize the amount of waste disposed
  • Maximize reuse and recycling
  • Drive new technology and concepts
  • Focus first on diverting paper, paperboard and organics from the waste stream
  • Look at what other states are doing
drive new concepts
Drive new concepts

Waste as an energy resource

  • Resource Recovery
  • Landfill Gas to Energy
  • Alternative Fuels – materials diverted from municipal waste stream for beneficial use as fuel
current status resource recovery
Current Status – Resource Recovery
  • Six Operating Facilities
    • 8,000 tons/day in 2005
  • Southeast and Southcentral PA
  • New Expanded Capacity
    • Harrisburg recently reopened upgraded facility
    • York County considering expansion to meet future demand
future of resource recovery
Future of Resource Recovery
  • Market/Demand for New Capacity
    • Northeast PA?
    • Southwest PA?
  • Opposition to New Facilities
  • Nonattainment Areas in PA
  • EPA New Source Performance Standards
current status landfill gas
Current Status - Landfill Gas
  • 25 Operational Projects
    • 15 Projects generating more than 100 megawatts of electricity
    • 10 projects producing 7,000 Million Standard Cubic feet of methane for direct use
  • 16 Pending Projects
future of landfill gas
Future of Landfill Gas
  • Expand existing projects to use 100% of landfill gas generated
  • More direct use or high BTU production (pipeline quality)
  • Leachate Recirculation
  • Anaerobic Digestion
current status alternative fuels
Current Status– Alternative Fuels
  • In 2005, Pa used
    • 10.6 million tons of coal refuse
    • 1.26 million tons of alternative fuels
    • 0.70 million tons of wood
  • PA Cement kilns are obtaining 0 to 20% of their energy needs from alternative fuels
  • Two Coal Refuse Plants are burning alternative fuels
current status alternative fuels1
Current Status– Alternative Fuels

Three General Permits are available

  • WMGM027 - organic, non-organic residuals with a BTU value of at least 5000 BTU/lb for use as alternative fuels
  • WMGR038 - Processing waste tires and tire-derived material for fuel and consumer products.
  • WMGR068 - Beneficial use of carbonaceous wastes (petro coke, untreated wood chips and other paper and wood industry wastes) as an alternative fuel for circulating fluidized bed boilers
alternative fuels
Alternative Fuels
  • Waste tires and wood are the most common alternative fuels
  • Most alternative fuels have less BTUs per cubic foot than coal and require additional storage space
  • Some alternatives fuels should be kept dry
future of wastes as alternative fuels
Future of Wastes as Alternative Fuels
  • Growing demand and market for alternative fuels
    • Major cement manufacturers have established goals to obtain 15-20% of energy from alternative fuels
    • Some plants in Germany are at 70%
    • Potential new demand for alternative fuels is estimated at greater than 2 million tons
  • Lack of high volume/quality supply
    • Salvaging
    • General Permit
potential markets
Potential Markets
  • Cement/Lime Kilns = 12
  • Waste Coal Fired Power Plants = 15
  • Existing WTE Facilities = 6
  • Facilities that burn wood > 14
regulatory status of alternative fuels
Regulatory Status of Alternative Fuels
  • Act 101 Source Separated Recyclable Materials can not be burned
  • Residual Waste used or reused as ingredients in an industrial process to make a product or employed in a particular function or application as an effective substitute for a commercial product is not a waste
  • Coproduct Determination
  • Processed or beneficially used under a General Permit
salvaging alternative fuels
Salvaging Alternative Fuels
  • Collection
    • Know your customers
    • Keep non combustible materials out of waste
    • Provide value added service
  • Salvaging
    • The operator shall salvage and recycle waste materials received at the facility for which recycling is cost effective