French Landmarks and Interesting Religious Sites By: Angelique et Audra(Luisa Rios et Danielle Lovett)
St. Bernadette • Born Marie- Bernarde Soubirous • Born in Lourdes, France on Jan. 7, 1844 • Parents, Francois and Louise (Casterot) Soubirous
Story • One day on Feb. 11, 1858 a lady dressed in blue and white appeared to her above a rose bush in grotto Replica of the grotto In lourdes,France st. bern. saw mary at
“Mary” appeared to Bernadette 17 other times and spoke with her • Many people didn’t believe. • Our lady told St. Bernadette to dig in the mud one day. When she did a spring of water began to flow and grew larger and larger. • Many miracles happened when people began to use the water.
In 1866 • Bernadette became a nun and lived the rest of her life in the Convent of St. Gildard
April 16, 1879 • At age 35, St. Bernadette died. • 30 years after her death (September 22, 1909), the body was first exhumed. The body was transferred to a new coffin and buried in chapel of St. Joseph in Lourdes • April 3, 1919, The second exhumation took place.
1925 was the 3rd and final examination They had a precise imprint of her face molded
Where you can go and see her • Resided at St Gildard Convent for 13 years. This is where her body remains on display (since Aug, 3,1925). They welcome visitors • She was declared a Saint in 1933 by Pope Pius XI
Lourdes has become 1 of the most popular locations of religious pilgrimage • Lourdes has a population of 15,000 • But 5 million pilgrims and tourists visit every year
The Birthplace of Bernadette (the Boly Mill after restoration)
History • In the beginning it was the Palace de la Cité. • Was converted into the prison in the 15th century after being abandoned in the late 14th century by the Capetian kings.
Continued… • Located on the Ile de la cité. • Famous during the French Revolution (1789). In 1793,1794, and 2780 men and women were sentenced to death and stayed in The Conciergerie until they left for the Concorde Square. • They were beheaded at the Concorde Square.
History • Nearly 2,800 prisoners which included Marie- Antoinette and the sister of the king of Austria were beheaded there. • This former prison is within the Medieval Royal Palace called Palais de Justice Complex. Which was built in the 1700s.
Marie-Antoinette's cell • decorated to resemble what it might have looked like during her two months of imprisonment in 1793. • She was beheaded on Oct. 16, 1793.
The Louvre museum • The Louvre is one of the largest museums in the world with over 35,000 pieces of art housed in a gigantic, 60,000 square foot building. • Located along the banks of the Seine river is the glass pyramid outside the Louvre which is a memorable landmark. • Descend below and there is a large collection of works, including Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa
History • Philip II Augustus built the palace at the beginning of the 13th century • Built to defend Paris against the Normans and English • Louis XIV was the last king to reside in the palace • After the revolution in 1789 it became a museum
Continued… • Each king that lived in the Louvre left monograms and works of art, that are now displayed in the museum • In the 1980s after a program of renovation and expansion a Chinese-American architect Leoh Ming Pei came up with the idea of placing a glass pyramid at the entrance
Famous Paintings ‘L’interieur d’une cuisine’
Parc des Buttes Chaumont • Chave and mont = “Bald mountain” • 2nd largest park in Paris. • Opens at 7am year round. During Nov.-March it closes at 9pm and it closes at 11pm between April- October.
History • March 29-30, 1814, the National Guard and the marine artillery fought invading Prussians at the land before surrendering. • The area of Parc des Buttes Chaumont had also been a gypsum quarry for years
Napoleon III • Decided to create a park. • Turned to Baron Haussmann who designed the park with Adolphe Alphand (landscape architect). The work on the park began in 1864 and didn’t complete it until 1867
The Universal Exhibition in 1867 • As a part of the festivities the park was officially opened.
Before the 19th Century • The land once featured gallows where criminals were executed. • Until 1862, it was a public waste ground. • In 1862, The city of Paris bought the land.
Features of the park • Using dynamite to create dramatic reliefs, Haussmann created a romantic park. • Large rocky cliff with a 105 ft. waterfall plunging into a circular lake. • On the top of the cliff is the Sybille temple. • The 61 acres park also has a grotto, a 207 ft. suspension bridge, and the “suicide bridge.”
Works Cited • www.pbase.com/shaunwin/the_incorruptible • http://www.paris-walking-tours.com/parcdesbutteschaumont.html • http://www.homeandabroad.com//c/12/Site/12940_Parc_des_Buttes_Chaumont_visit.html • http://www.avrewoncities.com/paris/parcbutteschaumont.htm • http://europeforvisitors.com/[aris/articles/laconciergerie.htm • http;//conciergerie.monuments-nationaux.fr/en/ • http://www.parisdigest.com/monument/laconciergerie.htm • Google.com/images • http://www.discoverfrance.net/France/Paris/Museums-Paris/Louvre.shtml • ‘Little- Known Facts about Well- Known Places- Paris,’ by David Hoffman • http://www.stbernadette.org.sg/history.htm