ORAL PRESENTATION-Use bullet points with index cards for the information on your slides.- Presentations will be four (4) to eight (8) minutes. Stay within the time frame to avoid a lowered grade.
VISUAL AID-Pictures, include at least one graph, chart, or timeline in your presentation. It needs explanations so the audience understand the visual aid.
PowerPoint Essay Student Names: ____________________ Topic: _____________________________1. Sixteen to twenty (16-20) slides (Pictures and data answered the essay question) - 20 Points2. Proper use of index cards (cards match the slides and read the cards instead of reading from the slides). – 10 points3. Aid in telling story were placed appropriately during the slide transition (good flow) - 10 Points 4. Overall Presentation (managed time, loud, clear & eye contact with audience) - 10 Points Total Points: 50
AUDIENCE-Students need to listen to the presentation to avoid loosing points:-No talking-No sleeping -Any disruption will result in losing points from their project or disciplinary procedures.
Essay Question:What civilization and culture emerged in China between 2000 B.C. to 256 B.C. ? What were some of the challenges?
IntroductionEarly civilization and culture emerged in China between 2000 B.C. to 256 B.C. They faced various challenges such as geography, environment, and warring tribes that tried to conquer China.
The Geography of China contributed to some of the challenges in building the early civilization. • Barriers Isolated China • Ocean, mountains, deserts isolate China from other areas
River Systems • Huang He (“Yellow River”) in north, Yangtze in south • Huang He leaves loess—fertile silt—when it floods
Environmental Challenges • Huang He floods can devour whole villages • Geographic isolation means lack of trade; must be self-sufficient • China’s Heartland • North China Plain, area between two rivers, center of civilization
Civilization Emerges in Shang Times • The First Dynasties • Around 2000 B.C.E., cities arise; Yu, first ruler of Xia Dynasty • Yu’s flood control system tames Huang He • Shang Dynasty, 1700 to 1027 B.C.E., first to leave written records
Early Cities • Built cities of wood, such as Anyang—one of its capital cities • Upper classes live inside city; poorer people live outside • Shang cities have massive walls for military defense
The Development of Chinese Culture • Chinese Civilization • Sees China as center of world; views others as uncivilized • The group is more important than the individual • Family • Family is central social institution; respect for parents a virtue • Elder males control family property • Women expected to obey all men, even sons • Social Classes • King and warrior-nobles lead society and own the land
Religious Beliefs • Spirits of dead ancestors can affect family fortunes • Oracle bones used to consult gods; supreme god, Shang Di • Priests scratch questions on animal bones and toroise shells
Development of Writing • Writing system uses symbols to represent syllables, not ideas • People of different languages can use same system • Huge number of characters make system difficult to learn
Zhou and the Dynastic Cycle • The Zhou Take Control • In 1027 B.C., Zhou Dynasty takes control of China • Mandate of Heaven • The belief that a just ruler had divine approval • Developed as justification for change in power to Zhou • Dynastic Cycle—pattern of the rise and decline of dynasties
Control Through Feudalism • Feudalism—system where kings give land to nobles in exchange for services • Over time, nobles grow in power and begin to fight each other
Improvements in Technology and Trade • Zhou Dynasty builds roads, canals to improve transportation • Uses coins to make trade easier • Produces cast iron tools and weapons; food production increases
A period of Warring States • Peaceful, stable Zhou empire rules from around 1027 to 256 B.C. • In 771 B.C.E., nomads sack the Zhou capital, murder monarch • Luoyang becomes new capital, but internal wars destroy traditions
The Chinese civilization manage survive numerous attacks by neighboring tribes building a wall.
The Great Wall was first built in the 7th century B.C. when China was still divided into many small states. After the unification of China in 221 B.C., the first emperor of Qin Dynasty linked the walls of the three states in the north. Since then, the Great Wall was rebuilt, modified or extended (342 miles) throughout Chinese history for over 2,000 years.
ConclusionThe Chinese civilization and culture faced many challenges (i.e., geography, environment, and warring tribes). The China’s ability to endure and survived the numerous challenges made them a stronger nation. It enabled their civilization to grow and persevere for over 2,000 years as one of the oldest civilization in the world.