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Frankenstein. The Horror Novel History. Famous gothic novels: 1764 Castle of Otranto 1794 Mysteries of Uldolpho 1796 The Monk 1818 Frankenstein 1886 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 1897 Dracula 1898 Turn of the Screw Modern writers Stephen King Anne Rice. Literature of nightmare

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the horror novel history
The Horror Novel History

Famous gothic novels:

1764 Castle of Otranto

1794 Mysteries of Uldolpho

1796 The Monk

1818 Frankenstein

1886 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

1897 Dracula

1898 Turn of the Screw

Modern writers

Stephen King

Anne Rice

elements of gothic literature

Literature of nightmare

Settings are remote

Intricate plot

Grotesque

Hero/heroine threatened by evil

Premature burial

Chains

Evil to come …lure to terror

Insanity

Imprisonment

Elements of Gothic Literature

mary shelley
Mary Shelley
  • Born Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin
  • London 1797
  • Daughter of two writers
  • Ran away with Percy Bysshe Shelley right before her 17th birthday
  • She married Shelley after his wife committed suicide
  • She was widowed when husband drowned at age 29 in a boating accident
  • She died in 1851
slide5
Her Works:Some Novels:Valperga 1823The Last Man 1826Lodore 1835Also wrote short stories, poems, and essays
how did the novel happen
How did the novel happen?

Spent summer in Switzerland

Idea for a ghost story was suggested to her

Frightening images that formed the basis of the novel

Developed a haunting character in literature

Subtitle: The Modern Prometheus...reference to Greek myth of the Titan who stole fire from the gods and gave it to humans

question
Question...

Did Shelley mean that the spark of life Victor gave to the creature was something no human should have stolen?

the novel
The novel:
  • Published in 1818
  • She was only 19 when published
  • Her husband wrote the preface, and people thought he wrote the novel
  • Book was a runaway success
  • Inspired over 50 films
symbols light dark secrets scientists see the light fire dual nature title reference
Symbols:Light...dark secrets...scientists see the lightFire...dual nature...title reference
movies
Movies:

The monster was played by.....