Emotional Conflicts and Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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adolescents part ii from ormrod 2003 slavin 1995 woolfolk 2001 cdc the today show danville advocate n.
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Emotional Conflicts and Disorders

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  1. Adolescents Part IIFrom: Ormrod, 2003; Slavin, 1995; Woolfolk, 2001; CDC; The Today Show; Danville Advocate

  2. Emotional Conflicts and Disorders • Physical changes accompanied by changes in roles and relationships with peers • School-related stress • Depression, overanxiety, bizarre self-abusive behaviors • Usually temporary but can lead to delinquency, drug abuse, suicide • Can be a call for help

  3. Bipolar Disorder • Manic-depression • High (mania—boundless energy, grandiose plans, impulsive decisions) • Low (depression—desolation, suicidal thoughts, paralyzing inactivity) • Like a diabetic (most need medication throughout life) • Chemical imbalance • Treated with Lithium • Lethargy and other side effects such as dry mouth

  4. Drugs and Alcohol • Impair ability to perform • 1990s decrease in recreational drugs • Increase in • Tobacco • Alcohol

  5. Inhalants • Inhalant abuse or “huffing” • One of most common abused drugs • 4th on list • 20% will have engaged in this behavior by high school graduation • In Pittsburgh, a spray used to clean computer keyboards was inhaled by 4 of 5 teenagers killed in a car wreck

  6. Inhalants and Adolescents(percent using in past month)

  7. Inhalant Use by 10th graders (percent using in past month)

  8. Inhalant Use by Eighth-graders (percent using in past month)

  9. Liquid paper Pam Paint RediWhip Magic and overhead markers Glade Pledge Rubber cement Hairspray Lighters Common Household products

  10. Who is impacted? • Even children as young as 8 • 7-8 year olds participate for intoxication purposes • When experiment earlier, then by 12 years old using on a monthly/annual basis

  11. Issues with use of Inhalants • Substance itself may not be addictive • Chronic use produces addictive behavior • Damage for long-term users • Brain (memory loss, seizures) • Kidney • Liver • Heart • CNS depressants: nosebleeds, hallucinations

  12. Can also lead to risk taking behaviors • Even violent behavior • Both first-time and long-time users die

  13. Anxiety Irritability Excitability Chemical odor on breath or clothes Sores around mouth Red eyes or nose Poor muscle control (appears intoxicated) Loss of appetite Nausea Isolation Problems in school -Sudden change in behavior and/or grades Possible Warning Signs

  14. What to do? • Try to talk in nonconfrontational manner • Look with eyes open • Rubber cement or airplane glue • But no models • When talk about alcohol and marijuana • Also talk about inhalants

  15. Sexuality Issues • Serial monogamy • Alcohol and drug relationship (SUI) • STDs • AIDS/HIV • Growing rapidly among 20s; believed to have been infected in elementary school • More teens saying no to sex, practicing abstinence • Research has shown girls in sports begin sex later

  16. High risk behaviors • Unprotected sex • Needle sharing (steroids) • Sex-education

  17. Sexuality Issues—Teen Birth Rates per 1000 CDC Figures

  18. Supporting Identity FormationWoolfolk, 2001, p. 70 • Give students many models for career choices and other adult roles • Help students find resources for working out personal problems • Be tolerant of teenage fads as long as they don’t offend others or interfere with learning • Give students realistic feedback about themselves