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Modern Germany

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  1. Modern Germany Lecture 6: Germany and the Great War

  2. Burschenshaften and the Wartburg Festival (1817)

  3. German imperial flag, 1871-1918

  4. Advertisement for Wandervögel songbook

  5. Centennial celebrations, Battle of Leipzig (Battle of the Nations), University of Berlin, 1913

  6. University of Berlin (Humboldt University) in 2011

  7. “Advances in Education” (1910-11)

  8. Gospel of the Poor (1900)

  9. Rosa Luxemburg addressing a crowd (1907)

  10. “Voting Wonder East of the Elbe” (1913)

  11. Undercover agents for the Berlin police, 1913

  12. German social security system (1913)

  13. “The Alsatian Bogeyman”: The Zabern Affair (1913)

  14. Postcard for the German Navy League (1902)

  15. Kaiser Wilhelm II, idealized portrait, 1890

  16. “Young Diplomats in Training” (1903-1904)

  17. Alfred von Schlieffen, ca. 1900

  18. Hindenberg, the Kaiser, and Ludendorff (Germany), 1916

  19. Wilhelm II and his officers 1915

  20. German population trends: 1910 and 1939

  21. The Road to 1914

  22. Ottoman Empire in decline (1800s-1913)

  23. Balkans in 1908

  24. Balkans in 1914

  25. Ethnic groups in the Balkans

  26. The Road to War • Shifts in alliances (Triple Entente 1907) • Conflicts in the Balkans (Ottoman Empire) • Austro-Russian rivalry • Bosnia (annexed 1908) • Serbian terrorists (Black Hand, Gavrilo Princip) • Assassination of Austrian Archduke (June 28, 1914) • Mobilizations and declarations of war made (summer 1914)

  27. Franz Ferdinand and Sophia in Sarajevo

  28. The ill-fated car ride

  29. The Assassination

  30. The assassin seized

  31. Sarajevo in 1998

  32. War fever in Germany, summer 1914

  33. German volunteers, August 1914

  34. Germans and the War • Preemptive war seen as necessary • Calculated risk • Railroads • Illusions of quick victory (“boys home by Christmas”) • Burgfrieden (Peace in the German Castle)

  35. Europe in 1914

  36. Germany’s front lines (1914-18)

  37. Schlieffen Plan Fails (September 1914) • Battle of the Marne • Race for Channel ports • Langemarck (November 10, 1914) • Erich von Falkenheym replaces Helmuth von Moltke • Standoff • Germans turn to Eastern Front

  38. Trench Warfare • New technologies • Poison gas • Machinegun • Barbed wire • Civilian bombing

  39. Mud in the trenches, Western Front

  40. Argonne Forest, 1916

  41. British in trenches, 1916

  42. Facing the machine guns

  43. The Dead

  44. British horses carrying the wounded

  45. British troops blinded by poison gas, 1918

  46. German soldier’s postcard from Lille, 1917

  47. The Eastern Front

  48. Trench warfare on the Eastern Front (today’s Latvia)

  49. War refugees, Russian Empire, 1917

  50. Eastern Front • Battle of Tannenburg (August 26-31, 1914) • Battle of Masurian Lakes (September 9-10, 1914) • Galician offensive (1915) • Brusilov campaign (1916) and German offensive (1917) • Brest-Litovsk Treaty (March 3, 1918) • Treaty of Bucharest (May 7, 1918)