Proposal for Developing a Cyber Bullying Policy Koh Herlong
The Innovation The Innovation is: A policy on cyber bullying
Proposal/Purpose It is recommended that the school adopt a policy on cyber bullying, which will define the behavior as well as the consequences.
I. Need ● In one study, 72% of respondents age 12-17 said they were affected by online bullying (Juvonen & Gross, 2008). ● In various other surveys (as reported by Bhat, 2008), between 40-60% of respondents said they had been cyber bullied. Despite the range of answers, cyber bullying is affecting roughly 50% of the student body. ● At least three suicides and one hit-and-run accident are allegedly a result of cyber bullying (Bhat, 2008). ● A Cyberbullying Prevention Act (H.R. 6123) has been proposed to Congress and is currently under subcommittee review.
II. Research ● Bhat (2008) researched the issue and provides an overview of how, why, and who. She also outlines a section entitled, Strategies for School Counsellors, Guidance Officers, and All School Personnel. ● Juvonen and Gross (2008) performed a study on cyber bullying form, tools, and occurrence. From the results, they recommend school policies, parent education, and providing advice to students for dealing with the issue. continued on next slide
II. Research (continued) ● After the death of Megan Meiers, her family lobbied to introduce the Cyberbullying Prevention Act (H.R. 6123). ● Hinduja and Patchin (2007) conducted a study on the nature and extent of cyber bullying and includes in their discussion three specific steps for school policy. They also recommend other administrative action.
III. Development ● The intended audience was school districts and administrators. ● The problems encountered were: · There is little empirical evidence on the affects of cyber bullying since the innovation of cyber bullying itself is relatively new in the academic area (Bhat, 2008 and Hinduja & Patchin, 2007). · There is still debate on whether a school does or should have jurisdiction over actions that do not occur on campus (Juvonen & Gross, 2008). continued on next slide
III. Development (continued) ● The problems continued: · The studies were “self-selection” (Juvonen & Gross, 2008, p. 498) from teen websites and “self-reports” (Juvonen & Gross, p. 503)/ Therefore the self-selection factor may skew the results. · Many of the studies stated that a small percent of students report the incidence to parents. It is unknown as to how many students would not, therefore, report incidence of cyber bullying in the survey. · Hinduja and Patchin (2008) report that only about 15 states have adopted or started the legislative process of adopting a policy on cyber bullying.
IV. Commercialization The adoption of a cyber bullying policy is not yet well diffused into schools. This might be because: ● The act of cyber bullying itself is a relatively new problem with the rapid growth of technological communication innovations. ● The problems listed in the previous slides (especially the second and fifth bullets) have the issue still up for debate. ● H.R.6123 is still under committee review.
IV. Commercialization (continued) However, ● Slide #4 shows a need. ● The research shows cyber bullying affects more than just a small percent of students. ● The suicides indicate the severity. ● Legislative action is a long process versus the fast growth of technological communication innovations.
IV. Commercialization (continued) Conclusion: Schools that adopt a policy will be pioneers in the industry while recognizing and taking action toward creating a safe learning setting and a quality educational environment for students (Bhat, 2008).
References Bhat, C.S. (2008). Cyber bullying: Overview and Strategies for school counsellors, guidance officers, and all school personnel. Australian Journal of Guidance & Counselling, (18(1), 53-66. Govtrack.us (2008). H.R. 6123: Megan Meier cyberbullying prevention act. Retrieved on December 27, 2008 from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h110-6123. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2008). Cyberbullying fact sheet: A brief review of relevant legal and policy issues. Retrieved December 26, 2008 from http://www.cyberbullying.us/resources.php. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J. (2007). Offline consequences of online victimization: school violence and delinquency. Journal of School Violence, 6(3), 89-112. Juvonen, J. & Gross, E.F. (2008). Extending the school grounds? Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78(9), 496-505. Note: Some authors spell cyber bullying as one word while others use two words. Also, Bhat (2008) does spell counsellors with two Ls as does the Journal.