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# ANOVA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

ANOVA. One Way Analysis of Variance. ANOVA. Purpose: To assess whether there are differences between means of multiple groups. ANOVA provides evidence. We compare variation among the means of the groups with the variation within groups. Hence the name Analysis of Variance. ANOVA HYPOTHESES.

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## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ANOVA' - flynn

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### ANOVA

One Way Analysis of Variance

• Purpose: To assess whether there are differences between means of multiple groups. ANOVA provides evidence.

• We compare variation among the means of the groups with the variation within groups.

• Hence the name Analysis of Variance

• Tests the null hypothesis that the population means are all equal.

• Ho: μ1 = μ2 = μ3 = μ4 = μ5

• Ha: not all of the μi are equal.

• The populations are normally distributed.

• The standard deviations of the populations are equal.

• Moore and McCabe p. 755:

• Rule for examining standard deviation in ANOVA

• If the largest standard deviation is less than twice the smallest standard deviation, we can use methods based on the assumption of equal standard deviations and our results will be approximately correct.

• When we assume that the population standard deviations are equal, each sample standard deviation is an estimate of σ.

• To combine into a single estimate use pooled sample variance.

• Sp = Root Mean Square Error (Root MSE)

• Sum of Squares—represents variation in data, a sum of squared deviations

SSTotal = SSGroups + SSError

• SST - Measures variation around the overall mean

• SSG-Variation of the groups means around the overall means

• SSE-measures variation of each observation around its group mean.

• Degrees of Freedom

• Degrees of Freedom Total = N – 1

• Degrees of Freedom Group = I – 1

• Degrees of Freedom Error = N – I

• (I = number of groups)

• DFT = DFG + DFE

• Sp2 = MSE = SSE/DFE

• MSG = SSG/DFG

• If use ANOVA to compare 2 populations, the F-Statistic is exactly equal to the square of the t-statistic.

• F statistic = MSG/MSE

• Use Notation F (I-1, N-I)