强调句型及其它表达强调的方法； 各种倒装句； 反意疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。
强 调 • It is I ______ wrong. • who is B. that is • C. who am D. am 强调句型为It is/was +… who/that… 如强调句型指现在或未来的情况用It is, 指过去用It was. 被强调部分为人强调词可用who也可用that。被强调部分是主语时要注意主谓一致 。被强调部分为人称代词时，原句用什么格,强调句也用什么格。
强 调 • 2. It is _____ he often breaks the school rules ____ makes his headteacher unsatisfied with him. • what; that B. that; that • C. that; what D. /; that 被强调部分往往为句子的主语、宾语、时间状语、地点状语等，但有时也可以强调比较复杂的内容。 如时间状语从句、地点状语从句、not until… 结构、not only…but also和as well as…等结构。 That he often breaks the school rules makes his headteacher unsatisfied with him.
强 调 3. It was only when I reread his poems recently ____ I began to appreciate their beauty. A. that B. when C. which D. / 被强调部分为时间状语、地点状语、或原因状语时不可误用when, where 或why，强调词只可用that 。 It wasin the streetthatI met him yesterday. It wasbecause he was illthathe was late. I began to appreciate their beauty only when I reread his poems recently.
强 调 4. ---Was it in 1969 ____ the American astronaut succeeded ___ landing on the moon? --- Yes, that’s right. A. when; on B. that; on C. which; in D. that; in 强调句型的一般疑问句结构 Is\Was it… who\ that…?e.g. Was it during the Second World War that he died? In 1969 the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. It was 1969when the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon.
强 调 5. Why! I have nothing to confess. _____ you want me to say? A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that 强调句型的特殊疑问句结构 特殊疑问词 + is\was it who\ that…?Where was it that you found your lost pen? Who was it that broke the window?
强 调 6. ---I think we have met the word before. ---Yes. It might be in the reading material ____ we ____ reading yesterday. A. that; did B. that; were C. when; were D. when; did 强调句型It is \was…who/ that中is\was 前面可用must\may\might等表推测的情态动词修饰。It might be in his room that he met her. Where could it be that he met her?
强 调 7. It was ____ back home after the experiment. A. Not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go He didn’t go back home after the experiment untilmidnight. 对由until引起的短语或从句强调，要注意否定前移。结构是：It is/was not until…that…
He came back from abroad two years later. Itwas two years later that he came back from abroad. 强 调 8. It was two years ____ he came back from abroad. A. before B. when C. that D. after It was two years ago that I began to learn English. It is two yearssince I began to learn English.
EXERCISES 1. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter ____ I’m talking to. A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom B 2.It was with great joy ____ he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. A. because B. which C. since D. that D
EXERCISES 3. It was there, the police believe, ____ she was able to activate the recorder she kept in her bag. A. until B. which C. that D. when C 4. I really don’t know ____ I had my money stolen. A. when was it that B. that it was when C. where it was that D. it was where that C
EXERCISES 5. It is because English is being widely used at present ____. A. why we learn it hard B. that we learn it hard C. which we must learn D. when we should learn
强 调 1．用助动词“do（does／did）＋动词原形”来表示强调：(只能用于一般现在时和一般过去时的肯定句中) He does know the place well．他的确很熟悉这个地方。 He did come here yesterday. Do write to me when you get there．你到那儿后务必给我来信
强 调 2．用形容词very，only，single，such等修饰名词或形容词来加强语气： That’s the very textbook we used last term． 这正是我们上学期用过的教材。 You are the only person here who can speak Chinese． Not a single person has been in the shop this morning．今天上午这个商店里连一个人都没有。 How dare you buy such expensive jewels？ 你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢？
强 调 3．用in the world，on earth，at all等介词短语可以表达更强的语气（常用于疑问句）： Where in the world could he be？他到底会在哪儿？ What on earth is it？它究竟是什么？ Do you know at all？你到底知不知道？ 4．用感叹句来表示强烈的感情，突出说话人的情感： How interesting a story it is！这是一个多么有趣的故事啊！ Oh，what a lie！啊，真是弥天大谎！
强 调 5．用倒装句（也就是将要强调的句子或被强调的部分置于句首）来加强语气： On the table were some flowers．桌上摆着一些花。（强调地点） Many a time have I climbed that hill． 我多次翻过那座山。 Only in this way，can we solve this problem．只有这样，我们才能解决这个问题。
EXERCISES 1. I ____ see him yesterday. A. really B. do C. did D. does C 2. ____ be careful when crossing the street! A. Must B. Should C. Ought to D. Do D 3. Not a single word _____ last night. A. he said B. said he C. did he say D. had he said C 4. What ____ did you mean? A. really B. on the earth C. in the world D. in earth C
1.全部倒装的情况: 1、there be 句型 倒装 There is a tall tree in front of the classroom. There are many desks and chairs in the room. There is a pen, two books and many pencils on the desk. There were once some tall trees around the house.
There be 结构中的be可以有不同的时态，而且可以和各种助动词或情态动词连用。 There was a meeting in our school yesterday. There will be a new film shown on Sunday. There have been many great changes in our country since then. There must have been a mistake somewhere.
There be 中的be，有时可用seem to be, happen to be, remain, enter, live, stand, lie等词组来替代。 There seems to be something wrong with me. Once there lived a king who cared more about new clothes than anything else. There entered a woman with a baby in her arms.
There be 结构与非谓语结构： There being no further business, I declare the meeting closed. I don’t want there to be any misunderstanding. He was disappointed at there being so little to do. It is impossible for there to be any more.
1.全部倒装的情况: 2. 表示方位的副词或介词短语，如：here, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall等，置于句首。 In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. South of the river lies a small factory. Out rushed the children. he rushed. 注意：1.不能用进行时；2. 主语为人称代词时不倒装。 Away flew the plane. There comes the bus. he comes.
1.全部倒装的情况: 3. 带有直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时。 “Don’t lose heart!” said the old man/ he said. “ Help! Help!” shouted the boy/ he shouted. 注意 主语是代词时常不倒装。 4. 表语置于句首时。 Present at the meeting were Professor White and many other guests. Gone are the days when my heart was young. Sitting round her were her children. Buried in the sands was an ancient city.
EXERCISES 1.At the sight of the policeman, _____ from behind the door. A. did the boy rush out B. the boy was rushing out C. out rushed the boy D. rushing out was the boy 2. On the wall ______ three large pictures. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. are hanging
2.部分倒装的情况: 1. not, never, hardly, seldom, little, scarcely, neither, nor, in no way, at no time, in no case, by no means, under no circumstances等否定词或否定含义的短语位于句首时。 e.g. Never shall I forget the days when we were together. Little did I expect to get such a warm welcome. At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. Not a word did I say at the meeting. Not only did we lose all our money, but we also lost our way.
2.部分倒装的情况: 2. only 修饰的状语放在句首时, 主句倒装。 e.g. Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth. Only then did I realize that I was wrong. 3. so/ as, neither/nor 表示“也… …”时。 e.g. He won’t go and neither shall I. A better understanding of the environment is necessary, as is the willingness to act. Tom likes English. ----So he does. 注意
2.部分倒装的情况: 4. neither…nor…连接两个句子时, 两个句子都倒装。 e.g. Neither will he study nor will he go to work. 5. no sooner…than…, hardly/scarcely…when… 表示“一…就…时, 主句用过去完成时 (倒装),从句用过去时。 e.g. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.
2.部分倒装的情况: 6.虚拟条件句省略if时。Were, should, had 提前。 e.g. Were I you, I would take the position in that company. Had he been given some information, he could have answered the question. ___ I had time, I would have gone over to see her. A. Did B. Were C. Had D. If
2.部分倒装的情况: 7. as位于句首引导让步状语从句时，只须把表语, 状语, 或动词原形提到as前，(作表语的单数可数名词提到主语前时不带冠词)。例如： e.g. Tired as he felt, he kept on working. Child as he was, he could work out the problem. Bad-tempered as he is, he loves me deeply. Much as he likes English, he is not good at it. Try as we might, we could not bring him around to accept our view.
2.部分倒装的情况: 8. So / Such+ adj./adv./n.+ that… 表程度时, 需用倒装。(主句倒装） e.g. So easy was the task that they finished it within half an hour. So fast did he walk that neither of us could catch up with him. Such a kind person was he that everyone liked him.
2.部分倒装的情况: 9.表时间，次数或顺序的副词位于句首时，句子倒装。 Eg. Often did he come to my home in the past. Many a time have I seen her walking alone in the street. 10.表示祝愿的句子。 Eg. Long live Chairman Mao! May you succeed!
高考选题 • He asked ____ for the violin. ( NMET 1992) • A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much • C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid • 2. ____ from Beijing to London! (1993) • A. How long way it is B. What a long way is it • C. How long way is it D. What a long way it is
3. Not until all the fish died in the river ____ how serious the pollution was. (1995) A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize 4. ____, Mother will wait for him to have dinner together.(97) A. How late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is
5. We’ll have to finish the job, ______. (99) A. long it takes how B. it takes however long C. long however it takes D. however long it takes 6. Not only _____ polluted but _____ crowded. A. was the city; were the street B. the city was; were the street C. was the city; the street were D. the city was; the street were
7. So ____ that no fish can live in it. (SH92) A. the lake was shallow B. shallow the lake is C. shallow is the lake D. is the lake shallow 8. Little ___ about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. (SH92) A. does he care B. did he care C. he care D. he cared
9. ____ for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. (SH95) A. if it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If they were not 10. ---David has made great progress recently. ---____, and ______. (SH97) A. So he has; so you have B. So he has; so have you C. So has he; so have you D. So has he; so you have