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Simple Present. Egyszerű jelen idő. Képzése:. read read read read read read read read. s s s. I you he she it we you they. ! ! !. –s. legtöbb ige: -s. work  work s. 2. –s, –ss, sh, -ch, -x, -o végű igék: -es. finish  finish es. 3. –y végű igék. a) mgh+y :.

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. SimplePresent Egyszerű jelen idő

    2. Képzése: read read read read read read read read s s s I you he she it we you they ! ! !

    3. –s • legtöbb ige:-s work  works 2. –s, –ss, sh, -ch, -x, -o végű igék: -es finish finishes 3. –y végű igék a) mgh+y : play plays b) msh+y : carry  carries

    4. Zöngétlen hangok után : Zöngés hangok után : -s kiejtése [ s ] ask  asks [ z ] playplays [z ] -s, -ss, -ch, -x, -sh után : watchwatches

    5. Időhatározók : • always, never, sometimes, rarely, often, usually (mindig az alany és az állítmány között, a segédige és a létige után) • every day, every week • once a week, twice a year, three times a day … • On Mondays, in the morning (mindig a kifejezés végén állnak)

    6. Használata: • rendszeresen ismétlődő cselekvésekre: I play football every day. 2. szokás kifejezésére : She washes her teeth in the evenings. 3. általánosításra, tények kifejezésére (pl.: szakkönyvek) : Water boils in 100 C°. 4. általában jellemző cselekvések kifejezésére : They live in Canada.

    7. 5. utasítások, útbaigazítások esetén Open your book at page 21. 6. menetrendek, órarendek esetében a jövő idő kifejezésére : The train leaves at 5 o’clock. 7. most (olyan igékkel, amelyeknek nem képezzük a folyamatos jelen idejű alakját): I am in love now.

    8. Állító mondatok : I work in the office every day. You play football on Saturdays. He reads newspapers once a week. We usually watch TV in the morning. They go to cinema every month.

    9. Tagadó mondatok : I work in the office every day. don’t don’t You play football on Saturdays. He read newspapers once a week. doesn’t Ø don’t We usually watch TV in the morning. They go to cinema every month. don’t

    10. Kérdő mondatok : • Eldöntendő kérdés : (Yes / No - question)

    11. I work in the office every day. Doyou workØin the office every day? segédige alany ige szótári alak Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

    12. He reads newspapers once a week. DoeshereadØnewspapers once a week? segédige alany ige szótári alak Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

    13. You play football on Saturdays. DoyouplayØfootball on Saturdays? segédige alany ige szótári alak Yes, I/we do. No, I/we don’t.

    14. Kérdő mondatok : b) Kiegészítendő kérdés : (kérdőszavas kérdés)

    15. I work in the office every day. Whoworksin the office every day? kérdőszó ige E/3. sz. alakja ! Ha az alanyra kérdezünk, akkor nincs segédige és az ige E/3. sz. alakját használjuk.

    16. I work in the office every day. Whatdo youdoØin the office every day? kérdőszó segédige alany ige szótári alakja

    17. I work in the office every day. Wheredo youworkØevery day? kérdőszó segédige alany ige szótári alakja

    18. I work in the office every day. How oftendo youworkØin the office? kérdőszó segédige alany ige szótári alakja

    19. He reads newspapers once a week. Whoreadsnewspapers once a week? kérdőszó ige E/3. sz. alakja ! Ha az alanyra kérdezünk, akkor nincs segédige és az ige E/3. sz. alakját használjuk.

    20. He reads newspapers once a week. Whatdoes hedoØonce a week? kérdőszó segédige alany ige szótári alakja

    21. He reads newspapers once a week. How oftendoes hereadØnewspapers? kérdőszó segédige alany ige szótári alakja

    22. Examples : Magyarázz! Az egyszerű jelen idő melyik használatára példák a következő mondatok? He drinks tea for breakfast. The train leaves at five o’clock. Water freezes at zero degrees. Open the packet and pour it into you mug. They drive to Monaco every summer. She never eats fish. Children go to the library once a day. I hate Chemistry this year.

    23. Fill in the sentences. Johnn and Danny swim in the lake when it is hot. Johnn and Danny (swim) in the lake when it is hot. Adam (speak) German and French very well. Adam speaks German and French very well. You always sing in the bathroom. You always (sing) in the bathroom. Julie (work) in the garden in the mornings. Julie works in the garden in the mornings. Tom (collect) stamps. Tom collects stamps. I sit at home at weekends. I (sit) at home at weekends. Tina and Kate never (open) the window. Tina and Kate never open the window. His sister (like) lemonade. His sister likes lemonade. We (listen) to music every afternoon. We listen to music every afternoon.

    24. Create sentences. He (buy) a newspaper every day. He buys a newspaper every day.

    25. Children often (read) comics. Children often read comics.

    26. It (like) Coca Cola very much. It likes Coca Cola very much.

    27. He (play) cards every weekend. He plays cards every weekend.

    28. Peter (play) the guitar very well. Peter plays the guitar very well.

    29. She (speak) English. She speaks English.

    30. We (collect) stamps. We collect stamps.

    31. This is the end. Good bye!