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ROMEO AND JULIET. William Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet . Based on narrative poem written by Arthur Brooke: The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet Young man and fourteen-year-old girl fall in love at first sight Had to die because they married unwisely and against wishes of parents

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romeo and juliet

ROMEO AND JULIET

William Shakespeare

romeo and juliet1
Romeo and Juliet
  • Based on narrative poem written by Arthur Brooke: The TragicallHistorye of Romeus and Juliet
    • Young man and fourteen-year-old girl fall in love at first sight
    • Had to die because they married unwisely and against wishes of parents
  • Differs from Shakespeare’s play; he says that fate has doomed them to disaster, leaves it up to the stars; “star-crossed lovers”
setting
Setting

Verona– city in Italy

Two families whose feud has lasted for generations

house of capulet
HOUSE OF CAPULET

Juliet: daughter to Capulet, takes the lead in the romance, lyrical use of language, has premonitions but does not act on

them, isolated, only one in the play to guess the outcome

Tybalt: Juliet’s cousin, foil to Romeo, passionate, prideful, easily provoked, high-spirited, hot-blooded, fiery nature,

inflexible, single set of absolutes

Nurse: Juliet’s nurse, stereotypical, arrogant, garrulous, ignorant, bawdy, uncultivated, old and infirm, fickle, wants the“bestfor Juliet” (translated: wants Juliet married to anyone), looks at love as “animal lust”, comic

Capulet: Juliet’s father, impatient, loves Juliet but is misguided in his love, querulous, inflexible, old, looks at love as a good match

house of montague
HOUSE OF MONTAGUE

Romeo: son of Montague, isolated, passionate, idealistic, naive, has premonitions but does not act on them, helpless

Mercutio: kinsman to Prince and friend of Romeo, witty, honorable, intelligent, loves word play, amiable, could be voice of reason but underestimates Romeo’s passion, his death makes the tragedy inevitable

Benvolio: Montague nephew, friend of Romeo, peacemaker

Other important characters

Paris: a count, betrothed to Juliet

Friar Laurence: Romeo’s counselor, loved and respected, attempts to do what is “right”

elements in the play
Elements in the play

Pun

Foreshadowing

Dialogue

Monologue

Soliloquy

Aside

Rhetoric

Blank verse

Iambic pentameter

Couplets

drama
Drama
  • Conflict
    • Exposition (Act 1)
    • Rising action (Act II)
    • Crisis, turning point (Act III)
    • Falling action (Act IV)
    • Climax/Resolution (Act V)
  • Tragedy
    • Tragic hero
    • Tragic flaw
  • Comedy
characteristics of a tragic hero
Characteristics of a Tragic Hero
  • A tragic hero is of noble birth, meaning that he is royalty.

AND/OR

  • A tragic hero has a noble disposition, meaning that he is a good person (better than most people) at some point in the play.
  • A tragic hero suffers a reversal of fortune, meaning that he has everything at one point in the play and then loses it.
  • A tragic hero recognizes the consequences of his actions.
  • A tragic hero has a tragic flaw, a defect in his character (i.e. hubris), that leads to his downfall.
  • The audience watches the actions of the tragic hero and is moved to pity and fear.