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Vocabulary RAFT/Shakespeare. Choose a role, an audience, a format, and a topic. Develop the format using 8 vocabulary words from unit 10. Role Audience Format Topic. Syntax in The Road. Simple Sentences. CX/CD Sentences. Did you have any friends? Yes, I did. Lots of them? Yes.

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Vocabulary RAFT/Shakespeare

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vocabulary raft shakespeare

Vocabulary RAFT/Shakespeare

Choose a role, an audience, a format, and a topic. Develop the format using 8 vocabulary words from unit 10.

syntax in the road
Syntax in The Road

Simple Sentences

CX/CD Sentences

  • Did you have any friends?
  • Yes, I did.
  • Lots of them?
  • Yes.
  • Do you remember them?
  • Yes. I remember them.
  • What happened to them?
  • They died.
  • All of them?
  • Yes. All of them.
  • Your turn. On your sheet of paper, rewrite the following sentences using CD and/or CX sentences.
  • (ex. “Although I know it is pointless to ask you now, I was wondering if you had any friends back before all this happened?”)
Purposeful Fragments

Your turn…

  • Dark of the invisible moon. The nights now only slightly less black.
  • Question: How do these sentence fragments contribute to the overall meaning? Imagine that you are filming a movie and needed to isolate scenes…
  • Rewrite this sentence in another style. How might you change the style? What is the difference in effect?
the rhetorical purpose of syntax
The rhetorical purpose of syntax
  • Now that we have analyzed some of the author’s choices in syntax, write your impressions of his style. What mood does his style create for you? What emotional reaction? Do you think his style “works” and if so or if not, why?
shakespeare close analysis
Shakespeare Close Analysis
  • Group 1 Scene IV
  • Benvolio and Mercutio stomp onto the set. Mercutio is obviously irritated, and looks around (off into the distance) before asking Benvolio where he is.

“Where the devil should this Romeo be?

Came he not home to-night?

The inversion here puts the emphasis on NOT, meaning that Mercutio is irritated that Romeo is not around. When speaking the line, accentuate the NOT. Mercutio should have an irritated look on his face.

Group 2 Quote


  • The Grey-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night…

Friar should be looking up at the sky, almost in surprise that it is sunrise so soon.

Speaker should accentuate “Grey Eyed Morn” because this is an example of personification. The morning is NOT smiling, but rather, the sun is rising. Friar could make a hand motion that shows the sun is rising. Or, he could cover his eyes to protect them from the rising sun…

Group 3


  • Mercutio:

Laura to his lady was but a kitchen-wench; marry, she had a better love to be-rhyme her; Dido a dowdy, Cleopatra a gipsy; Helen and Hero hildings and harlots….

  • Mercutio is berating Romeo for hiding from them last night. Shakespeare uses allusions to famous people and calls them the opposite of what they are: Cleopatra is a “gipsy” but really, she was THE queen of all queens.
  • Accentuate these antithetical and Sardonic phrases (bitterly sarcastic) by acting bitterly sarcastic.
  • The alliteration is another way Shakespeare shows Mercutio’s art with words and his crafty sense of humor. So the speaker could give these lines a sardonic but slightly … humorous or witty edge.