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Mohamed SOUMARE National Project Coordinator - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Project: Integrating climate resilience into agricultural production for food security in rural areas of Mali. Adaptation Practitioners Day December 1-2, 2012 Doha (Qatar). Mohamed SOUMARE National Project Coordinator. CONTEXT and JUSTIFICATION. Since 1968 Lower average rainfall

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Presentation Transcript
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Project: Integrating climate resilience into agricultural production for food security in rural areas of Mali

Adaptation Practitioners Day

December 1-2, 2012 Doha (Qatar)

Mohamed SOUMARE

National Project Coordinator

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CONTEXT and JUSTIFICATION

Since 1968

  • Lower average rainfall
  • Drying of streams and lakes
  • Progressive deterioration of ecosystems
  • Loss of grazing lands
  • Inadequate agricultural production
  • Low investment capacity of rural populations

Unexpected pace of

the 2012 rainy season

Climate change projections by 2025

  • Increased average temperatures from 2.71°C to 4.51°C
  • Decreased rainfall averages ( 11%)
  • Increased frequency and severity of "extreme weather events" (drought and floods)

This presages

Decreased food security due to declining agricultural production

And increased vulnerability of rural populations

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Adaptation Objective

To enhance the capacity of Mali’s agricultural sector to successfully cope with Climate Change, by incorporating Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) concerns and strategies into on-going agricultural development initiatives and mainstreaming CCA issues into agricultural policies and programming

Duration of project: 4 years 2011/2015

Contour Trenching

PLASA

adaptation adoption of improved practices
Adaptation & Adoption of Improved Practices

Improved water management and conservation of soil moisture will increase drought resistance and help ensure sufficient production and food security

Local varieties improved

Seed multiplication systems improved (sorghum)

Contour Trenching

Water Capture techniques

measures used
Measures Used

Varietal tests

Sorghum

15km/10km for the benefit of three villages

Cotton

Rice

Farmer observations

4 varieties of sorghum and cowpea 1

Mechanical placement of

microdose fertilizer

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using a participatory approach tool climate proofing
Using a participatory approach tool "climate proofing"

Participatory identification and prioritization of adaptation measures to climate

Results   Inscription of CCA as a priority in local policies and action plans

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Lessons Learned

  • Multiple actors (including other GEF projects) and targeting of interventions leads to Increased efficiencies
  • Taking into account CC at district level and national programmes
  • Farmer Field Schools (FFS) : a framework for participation and experimentation by farmers on practices related to CC
  • Local knowledge first must be capitalized
  • Political support (NAPA) leads to better decisions about managing the effects of climate change.