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OSCE Office in Tajikistan Activities in Taboshar (2003-2012) Dushanbe 2012
Background Information • Central Asian countries of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan remain hosts of over 800 million tons of waste from mining and radioactive ores stored in tailings and mining waste dumps. Approximately 440 million tons or 54% of it is radioactive waste spread on the surface of tailings and sited • The abandoned 400 hectares of uranium mines at Taboshar are the oldest uranium mines in the territory of the former USSR. This territory includes 63 hectares that hosts 4 uranium tailings and dysfunctional lean ore plant. • Approximately 14,000 residents inhabit near the complex of open pit mine, waste dumps, abandoned and flooded mines, demolished buildings and tailings dams containing about 12 million tones of acidic waste and low grade uranium ore extracts. Residents are exposed to radiation, inhalation of radon and its products, radioactive dust particles and radioactive and toxic substances through food and water. • One million tons of low grade ore residues exposed to wind and water erosion for the past 40 forty years with continuous local resident’s access to pile using contaminated material for construction needs. • The residents regularly lead their cows and sheep to graze at contaminated watering places. • The water from the open pit is contaminated and is used for crop irrigation. • The area of Taboshar is situated close to the border of northern Tajikistan and bears a risk of adverse transboundary impact through air/dust borne and waterborne contamination.
OSCE’s engagement in Taboshar area • Since 2003 - OSCE supported public Information campaigns on dangers in Taboshar complex using OSCE supported Aarhus Centre; • 2005 - ENVSEC initiative published an assessment on “Environment and Security: Transforming risks into cooperation - Central Asia - Ferghana/Osh/Khujand area”. • 2006, 2011 - OSCE supported prevention of mudslides in the vicinity of the radioactive tailings in Taboshar; • 2007 - The US Government, through the US delegation to the OSCE, allocated $200,000 to the Centre’s Environmental Program for the “Survival through Action, Parts I and II” project. • 2009 - The OSCE Office in Tajikistan in collaboration with the OCEEA, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the government of Tajikistan, had experts identify and prepare technical documentation which recommends full scale assessment of needs for the remediation and re-cultivation of sites in Taboshar. • 2012 - Public Information campaigns on dangers in Taboshar complex, installation of water supply system to secondary school # 5 The Office has been engaged in Taboshar area since 2003
In particular, it will: Develop a detailed Environmental Impact Assessment; Identify and assess risks of each object and/or site; Prepare a feasibility study for re-cultivation and/or remediation; Establish an Environmental and Health Risk Assessment Database; Transfer remediation ‘know-how’ to local technical experts; Recommend remediation activities that, once implemented, will save lives and decrease the environmental, health and security threats in Tajikistan and neighboring territories. Since December 2010 OSCE OIT is raising funds for the “Comprehensive radioactive and uranium waste assessment “ project Project will produce a comprehensive assessment of the Taboshar uranium complex and will generate detailed plan for remediation activities
Comprehensive radioactive and uranium waste assessment Planning and Resources Methodology and Timeline Total Project Cost: EUR 1,2 mln Quarters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Project Setup 1. Project Work Plan 9 k€ 2. Design/establishment of acquisition and management system 20 k€ Conceptual Modeling 3 35 k€ 3. Conceptual modeling of the Taboshar Complex 22 k€ 4. EIA and Feasibility Study Design of Proposed Remediation of Taboshar Complex 5 7 k€ 5. Conceptual design of the proposed remediation of the site 6. Design documents for individual objects with bills of quantity 6 456 k€ 7. Trainings on remediation concept for uranium mining and milling 8 k€ 7 8. Preparation of the Technical Final Report 12 k€ Team and Project Management Resources 8 11 k€ • Project Implementation/Monitoring: • OSCE Office in Tajikistan • IAEA Contribution: • Chief Technical Advisor Six (6) short term international experts: Mining/geotechnical Engineer and EIA expert Hydro-geologist/Engineering Geologist Construction Engineer/Designer Water Treatment Expert (Chemist, Engineer) Radiation protection Expert, Radio-Ecologist • Project Team: • Project Team Leader • National Project Manager • National Project Coordinator • National Project Assistant INTERMEDIARY OUTCOME – Business Proposal for Remediation.FINAL OUTCOME – Completion of remediation will save lives and enhance environmental security