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College Athletics, Universities and the NCAA

College Athletics, Universities and the NCAA

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College Athletics, Universities and the NCAA

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  1. College Athletics, Universities and the NCAA Jim Peach New Mexico State University March 10, 20149:05 AM

  2. Chart 1: Simplified Diagram of Institutional Interaction in College Athletics

  3. Chart 2: Slightly Less Simplified Institutional Interaction Chart

  4. 510 pages and growing

  5. NCAA Governing Structure • Who is the NCAA? • A complex governing structure • General Membership • Divisions I, II, III • Special Committees

  6. NCAA Structure General Membership President Association-wide Committees (12) Executive Committee (60) Division I Division II Division III

  7. NCAA Division I Structure Board of Directors (18) Management Council (49) Academic, Eligibility and Compliance Cabinet (42) Championships and Competition Cabinet (49)

  8. NCAA Functions • Relatively innocent • Rule setting • Maintain historical records • Conduct championships (except football) • Not so innocent • Ensure amateurism • Maintain academic integrity • Promote competitive balance

  9. Core Principle 2.10The Principle of Competitive Equity • The structure and programs of the Association and the activities of its members shall promote opportunity for equity in competition to assure that individual student athletes and institutions will not be prevented unfairly from achieving the benefits inherent in participation in intercollegiate athletics.

  10. Core Principles 2.11and 2.12 • (2.11) The Principle Governing Recruiting • Regulations shall be designed to promote equity among member institutions … • (2.12) The Principle Governing Eligibility • Eligibility requirements shall be designed to assure proper emphasis on educational objectives, to promote competitive equity among institiutions, and to prevent exploitation of student athletes.

  11. Top NCAA Football Teams: 1950-2005Ranked by number of appearances in AP top 8

  12. Top NCAA Football Teams: 1950-2005Ranked by number of appearances in AP top 8

  13. NCAA Football

  14. Top NCAA Football Teams:1950-2005 • Five teams accounted for 25 percent of all top 8 rankings • 12 teams accounted for 51.6 percent of all top 8 rankings • 22 teams accounted for 74.6 percent of all top 8 rankings • No evidence of competitive balance improvement • In the last twenty years (Since 1986) there have been 10 new teams in the top 8 rankings • Of a possible 160 top 8 rankings

  15. NCAA Men’s Basketball Final Four Team Distribution:1950-2005

  16. NCAA Men’s Basketball Final Four Team Distribution:1950-2005 Continued

  17. NCAA College World Series1947 - 2005

  18. NCAA College World SeriesContinued

  19. NCAA Women’s Basketball Final Four:1982-2005

  20. NCAA Women’s Basketball Final Four:1982-2005

  21. NCAA Women’s Softball Championship Games: 1982-2005

  22. NCAA Women’s Softball Championship Games: 1982-2005 Continued

  23. Conclusions • NCAA is a cartel • NCAA is expensive • NCAA performs innocent functions well • NCAA does not perform major functions well • Distribution of ‘power’ teams would probably not change if there were no NCAA