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The Medical Home “Every Child Deserves a Medical Home”

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  1. The Medical Home“Every Child Deservesa Medical Home” Name of Presenter

  2. Outline What is a medical home? Why is a medical home important? The role of: Child care program Child care health consultant Medical home State Medical home resources

  3. What is a Medical Home? • You may have heard others use: • “health home” • “primary care home” • “advanced primary care” • “medical home neighborhood” • The AAP will refer to this concept as a • “patient- and family-centered medical home”

  4. Care that is… Accessible Continuous Coordinated Culturally competent Family-centered Comprehensive Compassionate What is a Medical Home? • A concept rather than a building

  5. What is a Medical Home? • A partnership among children, their families, & their pediatrician (or other health professional) • Connections to support systems & services to meet the needs of the children & their families • Respect for the cultural & religious beliefs of the children & their families • Includes child care providers who feel supported in their work to provide healthy & safe environments for the children in their care

  6. Child Care

  7. Why is a Medical Home Important? • Enhanced efficiency for children & families • Family feels supported at all stages of their child’s development • Improved coordination of care

  8. Why is a Medical Home Important? • Efficient use of limited resources; connection to information & support • Opportunities for professionals to gain expertise & competence • A forum for problem solving • Identification of community needs & strategies for addressing them

  9.  Case Scenario  • At 18 months old, Jason started to walk. Now that Jason is 22-months-old, a child care provider notices that Jason still seems unsteady and has not mastered this skill. • What are some actions that can be taken?

  10. Child Care Program’s Role

  11. Child Care Program • Establish a close & open relationship with families • Document all services the child is receiving outside the facility • Include health report in child’s fileEx: – Immunizations – Screening tests • Assist families in obtaining information about & eligibility for Children’s Health Insurance Program or Medicaid • Help families find a medical home if they don’t have one

  12. Child Care Program • Ask parents to discuss certain concerns/issues with their medical home • Obtain written parental consent to exchange information with the child’s medical home • Talk directly with the medical home for clarification about a child’s care or health needs • eg, asthma, allergies, diabetes • If injury or illness occurs, provide the family with a copy of the symptom/injury record to give to the medical home

  13. Child Care Program • Work with CCR&Rs to maintain a list of community professionals & agencies • Work with a child care health consultant • If services are provided within the child care program, ensure that this information gets back to the medical home • Immunizations • Developmental screening

  14. Child Care Health Consultant’s Role

  15. Child Care Health Consultants • Promote communication among the medical home, child care program, & family • Educate families & child care providers about medical home concepts • Develop/implement health policies that are family-centered

  16. Child Care Health Consultants • Assist child care programs in compiling community/health resource files • Educate pediatricians about early education & child care issues

  17. The Medical Homeand Child Care

  18. Starting the Conversation • Use Bright Futures • 1 Month Visit: • Who watches the baby for you? • How do you feel about returning towork/school? • Have you made arrangements for child care? • 2 Month Visit: • What have you done about locating someone for child care when you return to work/school? • Are you comfortable with these arrangements? • 9 Month Visit: • What are your thoughts about discipline? Have you discussed these issues with your child care provider?

  19. Starting the Conversation • Address any concerns the family might have about the child care setting • Acknowledge the family’s feelings about returning to work or school & starting child care • Remind mothers that they can still continue breastfeeding

  20. Communication With Child Care • Obtain contact information for the child care program & written parental consent to exchange information • Make sure the child is up-to-date on immunizations & health screenings, & complete admission forms • Contact the child care program, introduce yourself, & provide your contact information

  21. Acute Conditions • Acute illness or injury may occur in child care • Review information on signs/symptoms from the parent & child care provider • Symptom Record • Injury Report • Simplify treatment recommendations & medications • Written instructions, clear language with no jargon • Consider state laws & policies • If child is excluded, discuss when child can return

  22. Children With Special Needs • Develop a written plan of care with the • family & caregiver • Specific medical information • Special medication or medical procedures that may be required on a routine basis • Modifications needed in daily activities • Eg, diet, transportation, changes in the physical environment • Special emergency response information

  23. Children With Special Needs • The Care Plan is: • Completed by the child’s health care professional • Reviewed by parents • Implemented by child care providers

  24. Developmental Concerns • AAP recommends developmental surveillance & screening activities be performed in the medical home • Child care programs may bring developmental concerns up to parents or actually perform developmental screening that suggests delays. These concerns should be relayed to the child’s medical home to pursue a formal assessment.

  25. Developmental Concerns • Be willing to follow up on developmental concerns that child care providers may have • Remember that the child care provider is a key partner in the care of the child • Opportunities to observe the child over an extended period! • Training in early childhood development

  26. Developmental Concerns • Ask the family about contributing factors at home & child care • Offer to speak with the child care provider • Consider doing an on-site observation at the child care program • Develop a written care plan for the child

  27. Don’t Forget About CCHCs! • A child care health consultant (CCHC) is a health care professional who has interest in and experience with children, has knowledge of resources and regulations and is comfortable linking health resources with facilities that provide primarily education and social services. • Needs assessment • Training • Telephone advice • Referrals to community services • CCHCs can be a liaison between the child care program & medical home!

  28. The State’s Role

  29. The State’s Role • Help link child care programs with community resources • Encourage social service organizations to reach out to child care programs • Partner with the Division for Children with Special Health Care Needs to identify children with developmental delays (Part B & Part C of IDEA) • Promote the use of trained child care health consultants

  30. The State’s Role • Work with CCHCs & child care programs to enhance the identification & referral of children at risk for social, emotional, or behavior disorders • Enforce pre-employment physical requirement for child care providers & advocate for health promotion activities • Design/implement parent education initiatives to promote positive home environments & overall child outcomes

  31. The State’s Role • ECCS includes “access to health care and medical homes” as one of their 5 components • State plan goal examples: • CO: Increased number of children who receive a medical home approach; Increased number of children who are fully immunized • OK: Increase in numbers of children covered by insurance and enrolled in primary health care • NC: Enhance the commitment to medical homes across agencies and communities through social marketing strategies.

  32. Back to Our Case Scenario…

  33.  Case Scenario  • At 18 months old, Jason started to walk. Now that Jason is 22-months-old, a child care provider notices that Jason still seems unsteady and has not mastered this skill. • What are some actions that can be taken?

  34.  Case Scenario  • At 18 months old, Jason started to walk. Now that Jason is 22-months-old, a child care provider notices that Jason still seems unsteady and has not mastered this skill. The child care provider discusses this concern with Jason's mom, and asks if the center's CCHC can perform a developmental screening test on her son. With the mother's consent, the CCHC performs the test and finds that Jason my have a developmental delay and should see his pediatrician. The CCHC faxes the results to Jason's pediatrician and speaks to the pediatrician on the phone (with mother's consent). The pediatrician refers the child for a neurodevelopmental assessment and follows up to make sure the intervention includes the child care program.

  35. Resources

  36. www.MedicalHomeInfo.org

  37. Marketing Materials • AAP/National Center materials • Fact sheets • Brochures for families • Brochures for physicians • Posters • Media • www.medicalhomeinfo.org/quick_links/ma • rketing_materials.aspx

  38. Pediatric Care Plan Template

  39. Other Care Plans www.ucsfchildcarehealth.org/pdfs/forms/SpecialHealthCare.pdf www.state.nj.us/health/forms/ch-15.pdf

  40. Valuable resource for pediatricians Describes 3 levels of involvement: Providing guidance to families Providing health consultation to child care programs Advocating for quality child care http://tinyurl.aap.org/pub38947 The Pediatrician’s Role in Promoting Health and Safety in Child Care

  41. Primary reference for health & safety in child care! 707 standards & recommendations Developed by AAP/APHA Promoting the Medical Home- a smaller document with only standards related to the medical homenrckids.org/SPINOFF/MEDHOME/MedHome.htm Full text is available at: nrckids.org/CFOC/index.html Print copies from AAP, APHA, NAEYC: http://tinyurl.aap.org/pub38873 Caring for Our Children National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs, 2nd Ed

  42. Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools • Includes more than 35 quick-access fact sheets that describes specific conditions, like: • Also includes: • Care plans • Emergency planning recommendations • Ready-to-use sample letters & forms • Info on medication administration issues http://tinyurl.aap.org/pub92742 (Available as an AAP eBook)

  43. www.healthychildcare.org For additional resources, visit the Healthy Child Care America Web site (a program of the American Academy of Pediatrics), which includes: The Pediatrician’s Role Child care health consultation E-News Searchable Resource Library AAP Chapter Child Care Contacts E-Mail: childcare@aap.org Web site: www.healthychildcare.org Phone: 888/227-5409

  44. References • American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association, and National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education. Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-Home Child Care Programs, 2nd edition. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics and Washington, DC: American Public Health Association; 2002 • American Academy of Pediatrics; Council on Children With Disabilities, Section on Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics, Bright Futures Steering Committee and Medical Home Initiatives for Children With Special Needs Project Advisory Committee. Identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders in the medical home: an algorithm for developmental surveillance and screening. Pediatrics. 2006;118(1):405-420 • American Academy of Pediatrics, Medical Home Initiatives for Children With Special Needs Project Advisory Committee. The medical home. Pediatrics. 2002;110:184-186 • American Academy of Pediatrics. The Pediatrician's Role in Promoting Health and Safety in Child Care. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2001

  45. References • Aronson SS, Shope TR. Managing Infectious Diseases in Child Care and Schools: A Quick Reference Guide. 2nd ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2009 • Boller K, Kirby G, Moodie S, et al. Compendium of Quality Rating Systems and Evaluations. Washington, DC: Child Trends and Mathematica Policy Research; 2010. Available at www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/cc/childcare_quality/compendium_qrs/qrs_compendium_final.pdf • Donoghue EA, Kraft CA. Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools: A Quick Reference Guide. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2010 • Early Childhood Colorado Framework. 2008. Available at http://eccs.hrsa.gov/PlansModels/docs/COstateplan.pdf • Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Web site. Available at http://eccs.hrsa.gov/Resources/component-areas.htm. Accessed September 7, 2010 • Hagan JF, Shaw JS, Duncan PM, eds. Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, Third Edition. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2008

  46. References • National Center for Medical Home Implementation Web site. Available at www.medicalhomeinfo.org/about/faqs.aspx. Accessed August 12, 2010 • National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center, National Association for Regulatory Administration. The 2008 Child Care Licensing Study. Lexington, KY: National Association for Regulatory Administration; 2010. Available at www.naralicensing.org/displaycommon.cfm?an=1&subarticlenbr=205 • National Child Care Information and Technical Assistance Center Web site. CCDF Quality Activities for FY 2010–2011: Early Childhood Health Consultants and Health Activities. Available at http://nccic.acf.hhs.gov/poptopics/consultants.html. Accessed September 7, 2010 • North Carolina’s Plan for a Comprehensive Early Childhood System. Available at http://eccs.hrsa.gov/PlansModels/stateplans/docs/northcarolinastateplan.pdfResource: NC Medical Home Campaign - www.nchealthystart.org/outreach/medicalhome • Oklahoma State Department of Health. Progress Report. Available at http://eccs.hrsa.gov/PlansModels/stateplans/docs/oklahoma-implement-plan.pdf

  47. Questions?