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THE HONDURAN EXPERIENCE IN MEASURING REMITTANCES THROUGH HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS Washington DC PowerPoint Presentation
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THE HONDURAN EXPERIENCE IN MEASURING REMITTANCES THROUGH HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS Washington DC January 2008. AGENDA. BACKGROUND THE PROJECT THE SURVEY RESULTS LESSONS LEARNED. THE PROJECT. BACKGROUND. 2001: Collect data on remittances as source of income for households

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THE HONDURAN EXPERIENCE IN MEASURING REMITTANCES THROUGH HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS Washington DC


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    1. THE HONDURAN EXPERIENCE IN MEASURING REMITTANCES THROUGH HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS Washington DC January 2008

    2. AGENDA • BACKGROUND • THE PROJECT • THE SURVEY • RESULTS • LESSONS LEARNED

    3. THE PROJECT

    4. BACKGROUND • 2001: Collect data on remittances as source of income for households • 2002: NSO from Central America join efforts to standardize the collection of data on remittances and migration • 2005: Honduras presents the project titled “Migration and remittances in Central American countries.” • 2006: IADB sponsors the project. First meeting to plan the surveys. Honduras includes the remittance module in the XXXIII EPHPM • 2007: Presentation of Results

    5. PARTICIPANTS • Costa Rica • Dominican Republic • El Salvador • Guatemala • Honduras • Nicaragua • Panama

    6. PROJECT STATUS IN 2007 Costa Rica: Still processing Dominican Republic: Data collection stage El Salvador: Data collection stage Guatemala: Planning data collection in 2008 Honduras: Results published Nicaragua: Still processing Panama: Planning data collection in 2008

    7. THE SURVEY

    8. MAIN OBJECTIVE To measure international migration flows and the reception of remittances in Honduran households.

    9. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES • To measure the impact of migration flows and remittances on the Honduran economy • To analyze households with members living abroad • To identify causes and frequency of migration flows • To analyze households who receive remittances • To identify the frequency, amount and use of remittances

    10. METHODOLOGY • Rider survey on a permanent household survey • Modules: • Returns • Remittances • Emigration • Through PHS: Immigration and internal migration

    11. METHODOLOGY • Other experiences (Census 2001, Living Standard Survey, PHS) • International consulting • Interview returnees • Pilot survey

    12. SAMPLE DESIGN

    13. SAMPLE DESIGN • Stratified • Two-stage • PSU: Enumeration areas • SSU: Compact Groups • Systematic Selection with Random Start

    14. REFERENCE PERIOD • 1. Returnees: last 10 years (at least one year of residence in host country) • 2. International Migration: all cases. • 3. Remittances: 12 months prior to the interview.

    15. RETURNEES

    16. RETURNEES Population returned from abroad: 0.5%

    17. HOST COUNTRY 68.9 70 60 50 40 % 30 13.9 20 9.8 7.4 10 0 United Central Mexico ROW States America

    18. ACTIVITY IN HOST COUNTRY Domestic help Nothing 3.6% Studying 5.1% 9.7% Working and studying 1.3% Working 79.3%

    19. CAUSE OF RETURN 2.0 End of school 2.2 Did not find a job 2.3 Economic reasons 6.5 Came with parents 6.6 Health problems 13.4 Other 13.8 Deported 53.2 Family reasons 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0%

    20. EMIGRATION

    21. EMIGRATION

    22. EMIGRATION HH with at least one member living abroad: 11.3% HH with a member planning to emigrate in the next 12 months: 8.2% Emigrants: 70% male 58% elementary school only

    23. EMIGRATION

    24. REASON FOR EMIGRATION Minors to join Family 2.6% family members reasons Other reasons 2.1% 2.1% Study 2.3% Looking for 91.0% a job

    25. HOST COUNTRY Central America Canada 1.9% Spain 0.2% 2.1% ROW 2.1% Mexico 2.2 USA 91.4%

    26. CURRENT VISA STATUS Other 0.7 1.1 Student visa 1.5 Naturalized citizen 2.5 Worker visa 2.7 Tourist visa 5.0 Refugees 11.9 Resident 12.2 TPS 62.3 Without visa 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70

    27. REMITTANCES

    28. REMITTANCES • 11.1% of household income • 6.8% of GDP, 2000 • 25.5% of GDP, 2006 • CBH: US$ 2.6 billion, 2006 • HH receiving remittances: 21%

    29. Remittances (cash and goods) in the last 12 months

    30. FREQUENCY More than Less than 12 months One month Yearly 6.4% 8.2% 14.4% From 7 to 11 months 5.3% Monthly 45.2% From 4 to 6 months 5.2% Bimonthly Quaterly 8.2% 7.0%

    31. Amount received in the last 12 months Percentage of HH

    32. 54.6% 60 50 39.6% 40 30 20 5.2% 10 0.5% 0 Bank transfers Transfers through Other formal channels Informal channels RECEPTION CHANNELS Private companies

    33. USES OF REMITTANCES

    34. LESSONS LEARNED

    35. LESSONS LEARNED 1. Big demand of information. 2. International consultants help strengthen analytical abilities of the national counterparts. 3. Redefine questions to be less intrusive. 4. Make the public aware of the nature of the survey. 5. The sample of the PHS is not designed for this purpose.

    36. www.ine-hn.org Horacio Lovo P. lovostat@hotmail.com