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How To Prevent Sexual Assault. Katie Eichele , Interim Director The Aurora Center for Advocacy & Education & Meredith Martyr, Graduate Assistant Fraternity & Sorority Life. The Aurora Center Sexual Assault * Relationship Violence * Stalking. “Talk It Out”.

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how to prevent sexual assault

How To Prevent Sexual Assault

Katie Eichele, Interim Director

The Aurora Center for Advocacy & Education

&

Meredith Martyr, Graduate Assistant

Fraternity & Sorority Life

the aurora center sexual assault relationship violence stalking
The Aurora CenterSexual Assault * Relationship Violence * Stalking

24 Hr. Helpline: 612-626-9111

definitions
Definitions

Sexual Assault:

Any sexual contact (including, but not limited to sexual intercourse) when such contact is achieved without consent; or with the use of force, coercion, deception, or threat. Rape is sexual intercourse that is achieved without consent or with the use of force.

  • University of Minnesota Sexual Assault/Relationship Violence Policy (Academic/Administrative Policy 2.3.6)
definitions1
Definitions

Consent:

Informed, freely and actively given, and mutually understood. If physical force, coercion, intimidation, and /or threats are used, there is no consent. There is no consent if victim/survivor is mentally or physically incapacitated or impaired

Includes conditions due to alcohol or drug consumption, being asleep or unconscious

University of Minnesota Sexual Assault/Relationship Violence Policy (Academic/Administrative Policy 2.3.6)

has a sexual assault occurred
Has a Sexual Assault Occurred?
  • Sally is out with a group of friends who are consuming alcohol. Sally is flirting with Hayden. Later that night, the group head’s back to Sally’s house. Sally passes out on the couch. She wakes up later to find Hayden having sex with her.
  • Jordan’s boyfriend keeps asking for sex one night. Jordan says no several times, but finally after 7 requests from the boyfriend, Jordan gives in.
national statistics
National Statistics

RAPE:

  • 1 in 5 women
  • 1 in 71 men

INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE – physical:

  • 1 in 4 women
  • 1 in 7 men

STALKING:

  • 1 in 6 women
  • 1 in 19 men
                  • CDC’s National intimate Partner & Sexual Violence Survey, 2010.
college statistics
College Statistics
  • 1 in 4-5 college women experience rape or attempted rape while in college.
  • 90% of college rapes committed by an

Acquaintance

  • Only 5% of rape victims report to the Police
                  • National Institute of Justice. 2001. The Sexual Victimization of College Women, by Fisher, Cullen,. Turner .
  • UofM students who experience sexual assault in their life:
      • 23.5% Women
      • 4.9% Men
                  • 2010 UofM College Student Health Survey
slide9
Power

& Control Wheel

sexual assault college considerations
Sexual Assault:College Considerations
  • Shared Living Quarters
  • Shared Student Activities
  • Shared Classroom/Academic Issues
  • Shared Social Groups
  • Concern for their “friend”
  • Don’t want parents to find out
slide11

Barriers to Disclosing

  • Recognition that an assault occurred
  • Shame or blame
  • Not believed/Confidentiality
  • Retaliation
  • Don’t “tell on” friend, family member, caregiver
  • Isolation
  • Financial, physical, or emotional dependency
  • Heard about someone who told, received no justice
understanding trauma
Understanding Trauma

Awareness Test

myths about sexual assault
Myths about Sexual Assault
  • Alcohol consumption equals permission
  • “Asks for it” when dressed like a “slut”
  • The primary motive for rape is sexual
  • Women lie about rape
  • Most sexual assaults are committed by strangers
  • Men can’t stop their sexual urges
  • “No” means “yes” or “try harder”
  • Acquaintance rapes are spontaneous or due to lack of communication
gauging consent
Gauging Consent
  • Stop:
    • Too intoxicated/Passed out
    • Silence
    • On a mission to “score”
  • Caution:
    • Mixed signals
    • Haven’t talked about how “far” to go.
    • Assume you’ll do the same as last time
    • Hesitation
  • Go:
    • Keep communicating
    • You both feel comfortable and safe stopping anytime.
    • Everyone’s turned on.
campus sexual assault response protocol
Campus Sexual Assault Response Protocol

University Police

Aurora Center

Housing & Residential Life

University Health Services

University Student Conduct

Fraternity & Sorority Life

University Counseling

Athletics

Equal Opportunity & Affirmative Action

GLBT Programs Office

Women’s Center

promising practices on campuses
Promising Practices on Campuses
  • Prevention Programs – Orientation skits, Green Dot, Step Up, Bystander program
  • Sexual Assault Policy – reader friendly, accessible
  • Reporting Policy – v/s participate in decision steps
  • Investigation Protocol – Access to Medical Exam - SANE
  • Adjudication Guidelines – v/s and accused rights
  • Victim Support Services – advocacy services
recap
Recap

Definitions & Stats

Prevention Models

Impact on Students

Myths

Consent

Sexual Assault Response Protocol

questions

Questions?

Katie Eicheleeiche035@umn.edu

Meredith Martyr marty031@umn.edu

www.umn.edu/aurora