surrounding surrounded by protection protect from supply supply with supply to buried in bury in case in case of in advance ahead keep in silence make at a loss
deserted desert uncomfortable comfortable tourism explore exploration officially
is/am/are do/does is/am/are done was/were did was/were done is/am/are doing am/is/are being done was/were doing was/were being done will do will be done
have/has done have/has been done had done had been done will have done will have been done have/has been doing / will/shall be doing /
答案： • 1-5 ABCBC 6-10 ADCCC • 11-15 BBBAD 16-20 DDCBD • 21-25 BCCBA 26-30 DABDD • 31-35 ADCAC 36-40 DABDC • 41-44 CDAC
根据读卡情况，错误率较高的题目（23题）： 3,6,7,10-15, 17-20,22,24,25,27,34,37，38，39,41,44
现在完成时常见句型： 1.It is (has been) ＋ 一段时间 ＋ since从句(did) 2.This (That / It) is the first (second…) time that＋现在完成时 3.This(That/It) is the best / finest / most interesting…形容词最高级＋ that＋现在完成时。
对比： It was ＋ 一段时间 ＋ since从句(had done) eg: When the boy was born, it was 3 years since the P.R.C had been founded. 当他出生时，中华人民共和国已成立三年了。
其他连词引导的时间状语从句 ◆ no sooner… than…, hardly/ scarcely…when…引导 时间状语从句,从句用一般过去时，主句用过去完成时。 表示“一......就” 当no sooner, hardly/ scarcely位于句首时，主句要 用部分倒装。 我还未来得及讲话，他就挂断了电话。 I had no sooner begun to talk than he rang off. 倒装：No sooner had I begun to talk than he rang off.
部分倒装的情况: 表示“一…就…”时, 主句用过去完成时 (倒装), 从句 用一般过去时。 no sooner + had + 主语+done…..than…, hardly/scarcely + had + 主语+done…when… e.g. 我一到家天就开始下雨了。 No soonerhad I got home than it began to rain. 他一到车站火车就离开了。 Hardly / Scarcelyhad he arrived at the station when the train left.
eg: ______ got into the room ______ the telephone rang. A. He hardly had; then B. Hardly had he; when C. He had not; than D. Not had he; when B
区别: If itrains tomorrow, the cropswillbe saved. 陈述语气 If itrainedtomorrow, the cropswouldbe saved. 虚拟语气
主从句的谓语形式 If 从句的谓语形式 主句的谓语形式 时间 现在 would/could/should/might +V.(原) did / were would/could/should/might+have+p.p. 过去 had done 1. did / were 2. should do 3. were to do would/could/should/might + V.(原) 将来
部分倒装的情况: were, should, had 虚拟条件句省略if 时 , _________________提前。 e.g. If I were you, I would try it again. If he had been given some information, he could have answered the question. If it should rain tomorrow, we won’t go for a picnic. Were I you,… Had he been …... Should it rain……
What would have happened, _____ as far as the river bank? Bob had walked farther if Bob should walk farther had Bob walked farther if Bob walked farther C
状语从句的省略 状语从句的省略须具备以下两个条件： 1. 复合句中主句和从句的主语一致或者从句的主语为it. 2. 从句中含有be动词 在这样的条件下就可以省去从句的主语与be, 构成状语从句的省略 eg:1. You did better in the exam than (you were) expected. 2. The work was finished as (it was) planned.
True or False: 1. While cleaning the window, I cut my fingers. 2. While cleaning the window, my fingers were cut. 3. While I cleaning the window, my fingers cut. 4. While was cleaning the window, my fingers cut. 5. While I was cleaning the window, my fingers were cut. T F F F T
状语从句省略问题 C • While watching TV, _________. • A the doorbell rang • B the doorbell rings • C we heard the door bell ring • D we heard the doorbell rings
主动形式表被动意义： 表示主语的特点或特征的动词，（read, write, sell, wash, wear, cut, lock, act, draw, drive, drink, eat, clean 等） 1. 这本书很畅销。 Books of this kind sell well. 2. 这支钢笔写起来很流畅。 The pen writes smoothly.
A 选择题： 1. ---I'd like a pen which _______well. ---Will this one ________? A. writes; do B. writes;work C. is written; do D. is written; work 2. ---What about the fashion expert's opinions? ---Oh, he thinks that clothes made of this material ______ comfortable, but _______ easily. A. wear; aren't washed B. are worn; don't wash C. wear; don't wash D. are worn; aren't washed C