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Debate as a Pathway to Innovation: Timeless Techniques for the New Information Environment. Christian Lundberg Department of Communication Studies UNC Chapel Hill. Overview. Models for Innovation Agential Contextual Capacities that Produce Innovation
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Department of Communication Studies
UNC Chapel Hill
The agential model ignores:
Even the individuals that we see as heroic individual innovators required an environment where they could:
Johnson’s main contribution is to reframe the question of innovation away from individuals towards environments and practices
“Johnson argues for environments — networks, physical spaces, cultivated behaviors — that “compulsively connect and remix that most valuable of resources: information.” These spaces encompass both order and chaos, the presence of which allows ideas to emerge, collide, recombine and, above all, be broadly shared.
Everyone has some sense of debate, but I would like to define a few of the relevant characteristics, because debate has gotten a bad rap:
The three practices that distinguish academic debate from the other practices of “debate”
Three elements that make it debate work:
Step 1: “They say…”
Step 2: “But…”
Step 3: “Because…”
Step 4: “Therefore…”
An example (with a tip on note-taking). Imagine the 1st affirmative speaker makes three points for pulling out of Afghanistan.
“They say in point one that the war in Afghanistan is a losing battle, but the United States is making progress on the ground because recent evidence indicates that stability is increasing—CBS news reported on August 19 that “Well we're making progress, but got to make a lot more obviously,’ Gen. Petraeus said…we're taking away sanctuaries and safe havens that mean a great deal to the enemy.” . Therefore, pulling out now would sacrifice significant gains.”
In the notes of the students and judges, this should look something like this:
They say we are making progress on the ground, but history is not on our side because even though they made small gains, both the British and the Soviets eventually lost wars in Afghanistan Therefore, even if the US makes momentary gains, we will probably eventually lose the war