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ACT English Test Prep Lesson 2. Hanyang University GAC Instructor: Samuel Kim. Review. Punctuations – Usages of Comma In a series of adjectives/nouns With introductory phrases starting with gerund or conjunctions (e.g. because) In phrases providing supplementary information.

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act english test prep lesson 2

ACT English Test PrepLesson 2

Hanyang UniversityGAC

Instructor: Samuel Kim

review
Review

Punctuations – Usages of Comma

  • In a series of adjectives/nouns
  • With introductory phrases starting with gerund or conjunctions (e.g. because)
  • In phrases providing supplementary information
punctuations colon
Punctuations – Colon ( : )
  • Can usually be replaced by a comma or a period
  • Signals that more information is to come (on the

subject)

  • Also can be used to create a slight dramatic tension
punctuations colon1
Punctuations – Colon

(1) To introduce a word, a phrase or a statement

He only had one desire in life: to play baseball.

The weather yesterday was very unusual: it rained while the sun was shining.

(2) When a new sentence is started after a colon, the first word in the sentence should be capitalized

May I offer you a suggestion: take their advice.

punctuations colon2
Punctuations – Colon

(3) Before long quotes

The following is the first paragraph of his book:

(4) At the beginning of business letters

To whom it may concern:

(5) To introduce a list

Please send the following files:

punctuations colon3
Punctuations – Colon

(6) Between numbers and time

3:0

3:30 p.m.

Psalm 16:30

punctuation semi colon
Punctuation – Semi-Colon ( ; )
  • Also known as ‘mid period’
  • Used to make sentences more formal and refined
punctuation semi colon1
Punctuation – Semi-Colon
  • Used when two main clauses occur in a single sentence without a connecting word

Ask not what he do for you; ask what you can do for him.

(2) After conjunctions in a list

You need to bring the following to the class:

1) a notebook 3) a compass, and;

2) a calculator 4) a protractor

punctuation apostrophe
Punctuation – Apostrophe ( ‘ )
  • Used to form contractions, indicate possession, and sometimes to form the plural form of certain expressions
punctuations apostrophe
Punctuations - Apostrophe
  • ) To indicate possession

My neighbor’s dog barks all the time.

My neighbors’ dog barks all the time.

I met Jamie’s friend Nolan yesterday.

I met James’ friend Stephen yesterday.

These are James’.

punctuations apostrophe1
Punctuations - Apostrophe

(2) In contractions

I will not be done by tonight.

I won’t be done by tonight.

You shouldn’t worry too much.

(3) In certain expressions

Do’s and don’ts

punctuations review
Punctuations – Review
  • Colon: Used before introducing more information on the subject
  • Semi-Colon: Used to separate two ideas in a sentence where there is no conjunction
  • Apostrophe: Used to indicate possession
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