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17 Steps The Hero’s Journey
Joseph Campbell – Mythologist, Writer, Lecturer • He was fascinated with what he viewed as basic, universal truths, expressed in different manifestations across different cultures • Heroes were important to Campbell because, to him, they conveyed universal truths about one's personal self-discovery and self-transcendence, one's role in society, and the relation between the two.
Monomyth = Hero’s Journey • Campbell explores the theory that important myths from around the world which have survived for thousands of years all share a fundamental structure, which Campbell called the monomyth. • “A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.”
Step 1 – The Call to Adventure The point in a person's life when they are first given notice that everything is going to change, whether they know it or not.
Step 2 – Refusal of the Call Often when the call is given, the hero refuses to heed it. This may be from a sense of duty or obligation, fear, insecurity, a sense of inadequacy, or any of a range of reasons that work to hold the person in his or her current circumstances.
Step 3 – Supernatural Aid Once the hero has committed to the quest, consciously or unconsciously, his or her guide and magical helper appears, or becomes known.
Step 4 – The Crossing of the First Threshold This is the point where the person actually crosses into the field of adventure, leaving the known limits of his or her world and venturing into an unknown and dangerous realm where the rules and limits are not known.
Step 5 – The Belly of the Whale This is the final separation from the hero's known world and self. The experiences that will shape the new world and self will begin shortly, or may be beginning with this experience which is often symbolized by something dark, unknown and frightening. By entering this stage, the person shows their willingness to undergo a metamorphosis, to die to him or herself.
Step 6 – The Road of Trials • The road of trials is a series of tests, tasks, or ordeals that the person must undergo to begin the transformation. Often the person fails one or more of these tests, which often occur in threes.
Step 7 – The Meeting with The Goddess • This is the point in the adventure when the person experiences a love that has the power and significance of the all-powerful, all encompassing, unconditional love that a fortunate infant may experience with his or her mother. This is a very important step in the process and is often represented by the person finding the other person that he or she loves most completely. This does not have to be represented by a woman.
Step 8 – The Woman as the Temptress This step is about those temptations that may lead the hero to abandon or stray from his or her quest, which as with the Meeting with the Goddess does not necessarily have to be represented by a woman. Woman is a metaphor for the physical or material temptations of life, since the hero-knight was often tempted by lust from his spiritual journey. If you only knew the power of the Dark Side…
Step 9 – Atonement with the Father • The hero may well come up against a 'father figure' who must be beaten, persuaded or whose approval must be achieved in some way. Ultimately, by whatever means, the difficult relationship between the two must be reconciled. • This person may well be a person in high authority or who has significant power in some way. It may also be a god or immortal of some kind. • The father figure may even be something symbolic, such as an ideal or concept which acts as a directive to the hero.
Step 10 - Apotheosis • After trials such as resisting Woman as Temptress and the reconciliation of Atonement with the Father, the hero transcends, achieving a higher place. • This is a point of realization in which a greater understanding is achieved. Armed with this new knowledge and perception, the hero is resolved and ready for the more difficult part of the adventure. • This transition may be symbolized with the change in appearance of the hero.
Step 11 – The Ultimate Boon • Eventually through the many trials, the goal of the journey is achieved. This is the ultimate boon. • The boon may be finally gained after a battle with the ultimate villain or a particularly difficult last trial.
Step 12 – Refusal of the Return • So why, when all has been achieved, the ambrosia has been drunk, and we have conversed with the gods, why come back to normal life with all its cares and woes?
Step 13 – The Magic Flight • Sometimes the hero must escape with the boon, if it is something that the gods have been jealously guarding. It can be just as adventurous and dangerous returning from the journey as it was to go on it.
Step 14 – Rescue from Without • Just as the hero may need guides and assistants to set out on the quest, often times he or she must have powerful guides and rescuers to bring them back to everyday life, especially if the person has been wounded or weakened by the experience.
Step 15 – The Crossing of the Return Threshold • The trick in returning is to retain the wisdom gained on the quest, to integrate that wisdom into a human life, and then maybe figure out how to share the wisdom with the rest of the world. This is usually extremely difficult.
Step 16 – Master of the Two Worlds • For a human hero, it may mean achieving a balance between the material and spiritual. The person has become comfortable and competent in both the inner and outer worlds.
Step 17 – Freedom to Live • Mastery leads to freedom from the fear of death, which in turn is the freedom to live. This is sometimes referred to as living in the moment, neither anticipating the future nor regretting the past. “Remember, the Force will be with you… always.”