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A Just War?. It is always easier to fight for one’s principles than to live up to them. ~Alfred Adler “Ends do not justify means because we can never know the ends . The means, our actions , must be held up to careful scrutiny no matter what our anticipated goals” -Albert Camus.

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a just war
A Just War?

It is always easier to fight for one’s principles than to live up to them.

~Alfred Adler

“Ends do not justify means because we can never know the ends. The means, our actions, must be held up to careful scrutiny no matter what our anticipated goals”

-Albert Camus

journal 16
Journal #16
  • Follow along as we read the following quotes as a class.
  • For each quote:
    • Explain how the speaker views war and briefly summarize his or her reason for this view
    • Explain how close their view of war comes to your own view and explain why.
by pericles athens 450 bc
By Pericles (Athens 450 BC)

“Because of the greatness of our city the fruits of the whole earth flow in upon us…. And although our opponents are fighting for their homes and we on foreign soil, we seldom have any difficulty in overcoming them…. I have dwelt upon the greatness of Athens because I want to show you that we are contending for a higher prize than those who enjoy none of these privileges.”

erasmus netherlands 1500s
Erasmus (Netherlands 1500s)

“Tell me, what had you to do with Mars [the God of War], the stupidest of all the poet’s gods….? There is nothing more wicked, more disastrous, more widely destructive, more deeply tenacious, more loathsome…”

“Whoever heard of a hundred thousand animals rushing together to butcher each other, as men do everywhere?... Once war has been declared, then all affairs of the State are at the mercy of the appetites of a few.”

mark twain american writer late 1800s
Mark Twain (American Writer late 1800s)

“The loud little handful will shout for war….The great mass of the nation will rub its sleepy eyes, and will try to make out why there should be a war, and they will say earnestly and indignantly: ‘It is unjust and dishonorable and there is no need for war.’ Then the few will shout even louder…. Before long you will see a curious thing: anti-war speakers will be stoned from the platform, and free speech will be strangled by hordes of furious men who still agree with the speakers but dare not admit it….

Next, the statesmen will invent cheap lies…and each man will be glad of these lies and will study them because they soothe his conscience; and thus will by and by convince himself that the war is just and he will thank God for a better sleep he enjoys by his self-deception.”

helen keller american socialist activist 1916
Helen Keller (American Socialist/Activist 1916)

“Strike against war, for without you no battles can be fought! Strike against manufacturing shrapnel and gas bombs and all other tools of murder! Strike against preparedness that means death and misery to millions of human beings! Be not dumb, obedient slaves in an army of destruction! Be heroes in an army of construction!

hi all
Hi All!

To Start Off Please Copy this Definition Into Your Notes:

War Crime: "the wanton or reckless destruction of cities, towns and villages, and any devastation not justified by military, or civilian necessity”

And

Crimes against humanity (we’ll get to this later)

plan for the day
Plan For the Day

Wrap Up Activity From Last Class

Dresden and Tokyo – Messy Situations Involving War For the US

Movie Clip On Civilians and War

Did the US Commit War Crimes?

yoshida kashichi when will this march end
Yoshida Kashichi, “When Will This March End?”

No matter how far we walk,

We don’t know where we’re going

Trudging along under dark jungle growth,

When will this march end?

Hide during the day, Move at night

Deep in the lush Guadalcanal jungle

Our rice is gone, Eating roots and grass

Along the ridges and cliffs, Leaves hide the trail, we lose our way

Stumble and get up, fall and get up,

Covered with mud from our falls

Blood oozes from our wounds, No cloth to bind our cuts

Flies swarm to the scabs, No strength to brush them away

Fall down and cannot move How many times I’ve thought of suicide.

back to the definition
Back to the Definition

War Crime: "the wanton or reckless destruction of cities, towns and villages, and any devastation not justified by military, or civilian necessity”

And

Crimes against humanity (we’ll get to this later)

how to spot a war crime
How to Spot A War Crime

Damage to civilians is excessive compared to the military advantage gained from attack.

Boeing Field

fire bombing of dresden feb 1945
Fire Bombing of Dresden – Feb. 1945

80 per cent of the city’s housing damaged

50 Percent Destroyed

25,000-35,000 Killed

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFe7BZSoGMs

arguments for and against
Arguments For And Against
  • The raid had legitimate military ends
  • Military defenses were close enough that city should not be considered undefended
  • Comparable to other raids against similar targets
  • The raid achieved the military objective, without "excessive" loss of civilian life.

Served No True Military Purpose

They Knew the Effects of Firebombing

German Forces Already in Retreat

German Defenses Were Very Weak

Much Greater Damage to Civilians than Military Tartgets

your task explain whether or not the bombing of dresden was justified
Your Task - Explain whether or not the bombing of Dresden was justified.

Another more legalistic way to put the question is: was the bombing of Dresden a war crime?

You may argue for or against it as a war crime or whether or not you feel the bombing was justified.

Create A Complete Outline With:

1) A Clear Thesis Statement and Three Supporting Reasons For Your Position

2) 3 Paragraphs Outlined Fully

3) Typed

germany s last stand
Germany’s Last Stand

Battle of the Bulge – Fierce German Offensive

US and Soviet Troops rush to Berlin

Hitler commits suicide on April 30th, 1945

VE-Day (victory Europe) May 7, 1945