What is FIRE. Fire. Is the rapid oxidation of a fuel, which produces heat and light. Fire. HOT DARK FAST - will travel through a home
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Fire Is the rapid oxidation of a fuel, which produces heat and light.
Fire • HOT • DARK • FAST - will travel through a home • in less than 5 minutes
Fire Triangle HEAT FUEL OXYGEN
Oxygen Is in the air all around us
Heat Matches / Lighters and other forms of ignition
Fuel Consists of liquids, solids, & gases so really everything and anything that will burn is a fuel
Fire Growth Terms • Incipient • Free Burning • Flashover • Smoldering • Backdraft
SMOKE Carbon Monoxide Carbon Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide Water Vapor Other Deadly Gases
Smoke Alarms Replace Battery Once A Year
Smoke Alarms Test Once A Week
Smoke Alarms Clean Once A Month
Smoke Alarms Bedroom Hall Bedroom Garage Kitchen Family Room Basement Workshop
Escape Plans You need to make an Escape Plan with your family and then practice it often
Escape Plans Your plan should include at least 2 ways out of every room of your home.
Escape Plans If you have to go through smoke to exit a building you need to Get Down and Crawl under the smoke.
Escape Plans Meeting Places
Fire Extinguishers Multi-Purpose 12 - 20 Foot Range 8 - 25 Second Length 2A - 10BC Minimum For Home Use
Fire Extinguishers Class “A” ash Wood, Paper
Fire Extinguishers Class “B” boil Flammable Liquids, Gases, Grease
Fire Extinguishers Class “C” current Energized Electrical Equipment
Fire Extinguishers • Pull the Pin • Aim at the base of the fire • Squeeze the handle • Sweep nozzle from side to side
Fire Extinguishers • Make sure that someone has called the fire department • Make sure that the fire is not spreading and going to block your way out of the building • Make sure that your clear on how to use the extinguisher • Make sure that your extinguisher is for the type of fire present
Reporting A Fire When reporting a Fire, place the call from a neighbors house, cell phone , or other place away from the affected house.
Stop, Drop & Roll If your Clothes catch on Fire, you need to… STOP...
Stop, Drop & Roll If your Clothes catch on Fire, you need to... STOP… DROP to the ground...
Stop, Drop & Roll If your Clothes catch on Fire, you need to... STOP… DROP to the ground… ROLL back and forth, over and over, to put out the fire
Cool Water on a Burn Put Cold Water on the burn for at least 15 minutes to take the heat away.
Firefighters HELMET AIR PACK JACKET GLOVES PANTS BOOTS
Fire Engines Are used by firefighters to put water on fires that firefighters respond to.
Brush Trucks Are used by firefighters to extinguish woods fires.
Ladder Trucks Have long ladders that are used to gain access to tall buildings
Rescue / Squads These vehicles carry special rescue tools
Specialized Vehicles Chiefs Car Ambulance Tanker Haz-Mat / Command
Support Vehicles Fire Boats Dive Units Helicopter Rescue Boats
Others Involved Police News Media
Victims Red Cross Hospitals
Review 1. What is Fire 2. Smoke and Smoke Detectors 3. Fire Extinguishers & Escape Plans 4. Stop, Drop, & Roll 5. Cool Water 6. Firefighters Equipment 7. Firefighting Vehicles 8. Others Involved 9. Article 27