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The Ancient Greeks History chapter 8. By:Taylin Montague. Lesson1: Cycladic Culture. The Cycladic are a large group of 200 islands east of Greek mainland in the Aegean Sea. The people made their living by trading. Fishing, farming, and craft workers.

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lesson1 cycladic culture
Lesson1: Cycladic Culture
  • The Cycladic are a large group of 200 islands east of Greek mainland in the Aegean Sea.
  • The people made their living by trading. Fishing, farming, and craft workers.
  • After 2000B.C. the culture began to weaken.
  • As this was going on, the people started to follow the traditions of dominant, or more powerful cultures.
lesson1 minoan culture
Lesson1: Minoan Culture
  • The culture began on the island of Crete in 1700B.C.
  • The name Minoan was from the King of Crete Minos.
  • The farming villages formed into cities.
  • They had a counting system and a writing system.
  • No one can read the oldest Minoan tablet.
lesson1 mycenaean culture
Lesson1:Mycenaean Culture
  • The culture got its name from the city of Mycenae.
  • The city was located on the southern peninsula of Greece.
  • The culture was started in 1900B.C.
  • By about the 1500s the Mycenaeans became the dominant culture.
  • They took over cultures like the Minoans.
  • In About 1200B.C. the culture suddenly came to an end.
lesson1 trojan culture
Lesson1: Trojan Culture
  • The Trojan culture was centered in the city of Troy. From as early as 2900B.C. Troy was surrounded by thick walls.
  • The people of Troy farmed, raised horses, and traded with the Mycenaeans.
  • The story of The Trojan Horse

For ten years the Mycenaeans tried to capture Troy. Then the Mycenaeans built a giant wooded horse and hid inside it. The Trojans took the horse as a peace offering and brought it into the city. Over night the Mycenaeans crawled out and attacked the city. They then defeated the Trojans.

lesson2 rise of city states
Lesson2: Rise of City-States
  • City-states were formed from neighboring villages trying to protect themselves.
  • Normally theses city-states were graded by stone walls. They also were built a hilltop around an acropolis (high city).
  • These cities had an agora, houses, and public buildings. Beyond the acropolis were farmlands and small villages.
  • Cities would fight over the that lay between them.
lesson2 sparta
Lesson2: Sparta
  • The city-state of Sparta was located inland of the Peloponnesian Peninsula.
  • Sparta had a military economy.
  • The people lived simple lives of hard work and physical activity.
  • The society was made up of three classes. Only males in the ruling class were citizens.
  • Spartan boys began military training at age 6 to 7.
lesson2 athens
Lesson2: Athens
  • The city-state of Athens was located on Attica, a part of the Balkan Peninsula.
  • In 594B.C. the people of Athens asked a leader named Solon to make changes in the government to end there struggles.
  • The Athenians wanted a larger part in making decisions.
  • Athens then became the first to have a democracy.
lesson2 to be greek
Lesson2: To Be Greek
  • In English their language and civilization are known as Greek.
  • They call themselves Hellenes and their country Hellas named after their common ancestor named Hellen.
  • The Greeks believe in gods.
  • The Olympic Games were held every four years in honor of Zeus.
lesson3 persian wars
Lesson3:Persian Wars
  • A common enemy Persia brought the Greek people together for a time.
  • King Darius I turned his solders to the Greek mainland.
  • The out numbered Athenians defeated the Persian solders in one day.
  • Legend of the battle says that a messenger ran from Marathon to Athens.
  • Today people call a 26 mile run a marathon.
lesson3 age of pericles
Lesson3: Age of Pericles
  • After the defeat of the Persians there was a great since of pride. During this time Athens was ruled by Pericles.
  • Pericles wanted to continue the democratic reform of his relative Cleisthenes.
  • During his term of leadership he introduced pay for public officials.
  • He was a supporter of learning and arts.
lesson3 golden age
Lesson3:Golden Age
  • Herodotus was a historical writer.
  • Herodotus and others wrote about Sophocles(tragedies).
  • Aristophanes wrote comedies.
  • Then the plague swept through Athens and killed many people including Pericles.
  • After that a Athens began to fallow demagogues.
lesson3 greek philosophers
Lesson3: Greek Philosophers
  • A philosopher is a great thinker.
  • They also loved wisdom.
  • One great philosopher Socrates criticized the government into getting Athenians to think about the best way to live.
  • The government thought these were dangerous ideas and ordered him to deth by drinking poison.
lesson4 an empire
Lesson4:An Empire
  • At age 18 Alexander commanded the Calvary.
  • After his father Philip was murdered his rule was past to Alexander in 336B.C.
  • Alexander’s army attacked the rebelling city of Thebes and destroyed it, 30,000 citizens were sold into slavery.
  • Alexander conquered many areas to bring under Greek rule. After Darius’s death Alexander became the most powerful ruler in southwestern Asia, earning him the name Alexander the Great.
lesson4 end of the empiire
Lesson4: End of the Empiire
  • With as much area Alexander ruled he still wanted more.
  • In 327 B.C. Alexander married the Bactrian princess Roxane.
  • In 323 B.C. Alexander past away, it is said that a solider asked “who will rule the empire.” His answer “the strongest.”
  • No leader proved to be strong enough and the empire was divided.
lesson4 alexander s legacy
Lesson4:Alexander’s Legacy
  • Alexander brought Greek language and custom to many cultures.
  • Alexander influenced museums were scholars wrote books and exchange ideas.
  • Hellenistic scientist used mathematics to estimate the distance around earth.
  • In 146B.C. the Romans ganed control of a large portian of land once ruled by Greeks.