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OECD Workshop on IUU activities Paris, 19-20 April 2004. What data do NGOs have? Dr. Simon Cripps Director - Global Marine Programme WWF-International Switzerland. Approach to Presentation. Role of NGO's Steps to eliminate IUU Examples of NGO contributions re. Information to fulfill steps

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oecd workshop on iuu activities paris 19 20 april 2004
OECD Workshop on IUU activitiesParis, 19-20 April 2004
  • What data do NGOs have?
  • Dr. Simon Cripps
  • Director - Global Marine Programme
  • WWF-International
  • Switzerland
approach to presentation
Approach to Presentation
  • Role of NGO's
  • Steps to eliminate IUU
  • Examples of NGO contributions re. Information to fulfill steps
  • Recommendations to the Taskforce
  • The bigger picture
  • Conclusions
role of ngos
Role of NGOs
  • Agents provocateurs
  • Public pressure
  • Setting a high bar
  • Brokering solutions behind the scenes
  • Preparation of advocacy material / briefs
  • Focussing on solutions and outcomes
  • Investigation and intelligence
  • Several points require data / intelligence - but commonly for strategic or communications
steps to address iuu
Steps to address IUU
  • Eliminate flags of convenience
  • Close ports, markets & companies
  • FOA plan of action to prevent deter & eliminate IUU
  • National legislation
  • Ratify UN Fish Stocks & Compliance Agreements
  • Strengthen RFMOs
  • Strengthen cooperation e.g. MCS
eliminate flags of convenience e gs of ngo contributions
Eliminate flags of conveniencee.gs of NGO contributions
  • Revealing tricks of the trade
    • e.g Patagonian toothfish - COLTO (Pacific Andes)
  • Identifying major offenders and their locus and modus operandi
    • e.g transshipment - Greenpeace, WWF
  • Reviewing available legislation and gaps
    • IUCN, WWF, Oceana, TRAFFIC
  • Quantifying extent and impacts - pressure
    • Greenpeace high seas, WWF / TNC local presences
close ports markets companies
Close ports, markets & companies
  • For particular fisheries and situations:
    • Which ports are primary vectors?
    • What are the trade flows and the pinch-points (e.g. small number of wholesalers)?
    • Which companies are involved and who are the investors?
    • Which consumers commonly purchase IUU products?
      • Why?
      • Can they be influenced - how?
national legislation
National legislation
  • Advocacy and lobbying material
  • Evidence for litigation
  • "Data" & analysis on legal opportunities, existing or new
  • Messages that increase political will
    • e.g. effect on jobs and incomes
    • subsidies
    • trade disparities
  • Local / regional examples
    • socio-economic effects
rfmos
RFMOs
  • Varying roles / mandates of RFMOs
  • Varying methodologies for tackling IUU - if at all
  • Varying effectiveness
  • Comparisons / reviews necessary
  • One of few ways to govern the high seas
    • WWF producing CCRF Analysis, RFMO Scorecard
iuu loopholes
IUU loopholes
  • Patagonian toothfish
    • Traffic, COLTO, moratorium, consumer pressure, MSC?
  • Tunas
    • TRAFFIC, "dolphin friendly" coalition, WWF-MPO
  • High Seas e.g. Indian Ocean Orange Roughy
    • WWF, Greenpeace, Industry, TRAFFIC
  • Fisheries critically impacting habitat or particular species e.g. turtles, cetaceans, sharks and seabirds
    • various specialist or regional, local NGOs
    • forthcoming bottom trawl campaigns
recommendations to the taskforce
Recommendations to the Taskforce
  • Develop sharp, decisive recommendations to eliminate particular IUU situations.
    • e.g. WWF Tuna Trans-shipment Case Study
  • Establish 'up-to-date/real time' information collation mechanism
  • Describe the baseline situation
  • Strong focussed leadership by Taskforce
  • Involve stakeholders appropriately and innovatively
  • Work with differing roles and strengths of stakeholders
the bigger picture
The Bigger Picture
  • Taskforce - leaders in fisheries management community
    • problem of IUU in perspective with respect to poorly managed 'managed fisheries'
    • if IUU were absent, would fisheries be sustainable?
    • clear opportunity to establish a forum for innovation in fisheries management
    • piece by piece, steps to elimination
      • identify application of suite of specific tools for those situations.
  • WWF facilitate particular stakeholder engagement
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Within a framework of a work-plan to tackle IUU there are several steps / approaches
  • Each have data sets required for: intelligence, strategic planning, communications, evidence, advocacy etc
  • Different NGOs have both different areas of interest and hence engagement and approach
  • Many seemingly peripheral data can be of much use - e.g. trade, investment, consumer preference
  • The OECD taskforce can establish a clearing house mechanism for this data and pull all the threads together within defined, implementable themes