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A Hard Sell for a Soft Option? YJB Convention November 2007 barbara.russell@nch.uk PowerPoint Presentation
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A Hard Sell for a Soft Option? YJB Convention November 2007 barbara.russell@nch.org.uk. Foster Care NCH : Wessex Community Projects www.nch.org.uk.

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slide1

A Hard Sell for a Soft Option?

YJB Convention

November 2007

barbara.russell@nch.org.uk

Foster Care NCH:

Wessex Community Projects

www.nch.org.uk

slide2

1998 Remand for young people aged 10 – 16 on Conditional Bail or Remand Into Local Authority Accommodation as an alternative to custody (also PACE and Emergency Placements)

2002Post Custodyfor young people aged 16/17 who would be homeless on release from custody

2005 Intensive FosteringAn alternative to a custodial sentence for 10 – 17 year olds where home circumstances have contributed to offending – Wessex (Hants, Ports, S’oton, IOW) Pilot

(2006 Intensive Fostering extended to London)

2007“ Fusion” Fostering Short placements based on learning from Remand and Intensive Fostering

Foster Care NCH: Wessex Community Projects

HISTORY of Family Placement

Service

slide3

Why an alternative to custody?

  • Disproportionate involvement in suicide/self harm attempts
  • 60% receive community sentence or are acquitted after a
  • secure remand
  • Poor long term outcomes - nearly 80% re-offend within 2
  • years
  • Risk of bullying, labelling, stigmatisation
  • Inconsistent access to education
  • Consistent access to illegal substances
  • Mental health problems (57% suffering from depression)
  • Those with differential need placed together
  • Potential distance from home/community support
  • Variable access to post placement support
  • Overwhelmingly the children in custody will have suffered the same multiple disadvantages as
  • CLA

Foster Care NCH:

Wessex Community Projects

slide4

Characteristics of children placed

  • 53% are not receiving education, training or employment
  • 91% have poor family relationships with disrupted and disadvantaged

backgrounds

  • 78% have problems with drugs or alcohol
  • 57% have experience of the care system
  • 41% have self-harmed or attempted suicide
  • 20% have experienced physical abuse
  • Many have extensive criminal histories with charges including theft,
  • burglary, criminal damage, robbery, arson, assault, indecent assault,
  • attempted murder, unlawful detention
  • and vehicle crime

Foster Care NCH:

Wessex Community Projects

slide5

Custody

MENTORING

COGNATIVE-

BEHAVIOUR

VICTIM -AWARENESS

RESTORATIVE- JUSTICE

ISSP

SUBSTANCE -MISUSE

SUPERVISION

EDUCATION/

TRAINING/

EMPLOYMENT

COMMUNITY- SUPPORT

APPROPRIATE- ACCOMMODATION

STABILITY

SECURITY

POSITIVE -CITIZENSHIP

SUCCESSFUL- RELATIONSHIPS

slide6

Why does behaviour change?

  • Removal from home environment/peer pressure
  • Support and stability – some one to talk to AND to

listen

  • Carers are non-confrontational but impose clear

boundaries

  • ETE routines are established and hobbies and

activities developed

Wider Benefits of a Family Placement

  • A successful placement will impact on sentencing
  • Family relationships can be re-established
  • There can be an increase in self-esteem
  • Self-care skills and independence enhanced
  • Cheaper and more effective
  • than custody.

Foster CareNCH:

Wessex Community Projects

slide7

Remand Post/Custody

FOSTERING TEAM

Birth Family

NCH Support Worker

Foster Carers

Young Person

Yot Officer

Social Worker

Foster CareNCH:

Wessex Community Projects

slide8

Intensive Fostering (Multi Dimensional Treatment Foster Care)

‘Professional fostering will provide specialised, highly intensive care for a serious young offender who might otherwise face custody. For some young offenders a difficult home life can directly contribute to their offending behaviour. Fostering will provide these young people with the safety and stability they need to turn their lives around.’

David Blunkett Home Office Press Release 29 September 2004.

“Intervention which tackles the particular factors (personal family, social education, health) that put

the young person at risk of offending and

strengthens protective factors”

Crime and Disorder Act 1998

Foster CareNCH:

Wessex Community Projects

slide9

INTENSIVE FOSTERING

TEAM

PDR Caller

Foster Carers

Individual Therapist

Birth Family

Family Therapist

Young Person

Skills Trainer

School

Social Worker

Yot Officer

Foster CareNCH:

Wessex Community Projects

slide10

Teaching co-operation by encouragement ……..

  • See it! Notice it! Reinforce it!
  • Model it! Be interested!
  • Move on!
  • Parent Daily Report helps to:
    • Deal with small problems before they become big ones. 
    • Tailor the treatment and plan to the child’s needs 
    • Detect patterns or cycles of behavior problems.
  • Point and Level System
          • Shared expectations and understandings.
          • Opportunities to support and encourage.
          • Consequences.
          • Let the programme do the work.

Foster Care NCH:

Wessex Community Projects