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The Millennium Development Goals (MDG). a synthesis of target formulations elaborated during UN Conferences of the 90th. The MDGs were set as “ global goals ”

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the millennium development goals mdg
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG)

a synthesis of target formulationselaborated during UN Conferences of the 90th

  • The MDGs were set as “global goals”
  • However, from the very beginning also the protagonists of the goals interpreted them as “performance goals” measured for world regions and countries.

The goals appeared the first time in the 1996 OECD publication:Shaping the 21st Century: The Contribution of Development Cooperation.

General Assembly 8th September 2000: Millenium DeclarationAll 189 member states of the UN approved the goals2001, based on the Millenium declaration a working group of UN, OECD/DAC and World Bank formulates the 8 „Millenium Development Goals“, precised by 18 Targets and 48 Indicators

the 8 mdgs
The 8 MDGs

selected indicators

2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education2.2 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary2.3 Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men

ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015

3.1 Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

6.1 HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years

6.3 Proportion of populationaged 15-24 yearswithcomprehensivecorrectknowledge of HIV/AIDS

6.4 Ratio of schoolattendance of orphans to schoolattendance of non-orphansaged 10-14 years

6.7 Proportion of childrenunder 5 sleepingunderinsecticide-treatedbednets

6.8 Proportion of childrenunder 5 withfeverwhoaretreatedwithappropriateanti-malarialdrugs

summary of the current achievements on the way to reach the mdgs
Summary of the current achievements on the way to reach the MDGs

reached success based on 2009 data

necessary success to reach 2015 target

mdg indicator progress number of poor countries
MDG Indicator progress, number of poor countries

Sample size: 76 countries, IDA-eligible

top mdg index performers
Top MDG Index Performers

Lowest MDG Index Performers

millennium development goals ad midpoint where do we stand and where do we need to go
Millennium Development Goals ad Midpoint: Where do we stand and where do we need to go?
  • Global progress is surprisingly good, especially for the poverty and the gender parity goals; less so for the child mortality and maternal mortality goal.

Progress on poverty is very much driven by overachievers in East and South Asia.

  • In effect, there are clear regional patterns in MDG progress that depend on initial conditions and recent growth performance.

Asian countries are over-achievers in the income poverty goal.

Latin America and Middle East relative over-achievers in health, education and gender equity.

perform relatively worse in health and, in the case of South Asia, in education and gender equity.

Relative underachievers in poverty reduction goal, although their poverty level is low by international standards

  • Sub-Saharan African countries lag significantly behind other regions in all MDGs.

(Bourgignon et al. ,2008)

summary
Summary
  • The MDGs’ achievement gap is much larger in ‘fragile’ states.
  • one of the reasons why Sub-Saharan Africa lags behind on MDG progress is the relatively large proportion of so-called ‘fragile states’ in that region
  • The poorest regions, South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, are the two regions still seriously off- track for pimary completion rates and for child mortality.
  • Progress has been good on gender equity in primary and secondary enrolments in all regions.
  • Yet Sub-Saharan Africa and fragile states still lag considerably behind.
  • Not a single country in Sub- Saharan Africa is on track to meet the goal at this stage.
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  • MDG 2
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