The Millennium Development Goals (MDG). a synthesis of target formulations elaborated during UN Conferences of the 90th. The MDGs were set as “ global goals ”
a synthesis of target formulationselaborated during UN Conferences of the 90th
The goals appeared the first time in the 1996 OECD publication:Shaping the 21st Century: The Contribution of Development Cooperation.
General Assembly 8th September 2000: Millenium DeclarationAll 189 member states of the UN approved the goals2001, based on the Millenium declaration a working group of UN, OECD/DAC and World Bank formulates the 8 „Millenium Development Goals“, precised by 18 Targets and 48 Indicators
2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education2.2 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary2.3 Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men
ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
3.1 Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
6.1 HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
6.3 Proportion of populationaged 15-24 yearswithcomprehensivecorrectknowledge of HIV/AIDS
6.4 Ratio of schoolattendance of orphans to schoolattendance of non-orphansaged 10-14 years
6.7 Proportion of childrenunder 5 sleepingunderinsecticide-treatedbednets
6.8 Proportion of childrenunder 5 withfeverwhoaretreatedwithappropriateanti-malarialdrugs
reached success based on 2009 data
necessary success to reach 2015 target
Sample size: 76 countries, IDA-eligible
Lowest MDG Index Performers
Progress on poverty is very much driven by overachievers in East and South Asia.
Asian countries are over-achievers in the income poverty goal.
Latin America and Middle East relative over-achievers in health, education and gender equity.
perform relatively worse in health and, in the case of South Asia, in education and gender equity.
Relative underachievers in poverty reduction goal, although their poverty level is low by international standards
(Bourgignon et al. ,2008)