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Introduction to Lifespan Development. Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D. Human Development. Definition: The scientific study of how people change and stay the same over time. Two types of changes: Quantitative – weight & height, # words spoken.

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introduction to lifespan development

Introduction to Lifespan Development

Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.

human development
Human Development
  • Definition: The scientific study of how people change and stay the same over time.
  • Two types of changes:
    • Quantitative – weight & height, # words spoken.
    • Qualitative – moving from a beginning reader to an emergent reader to a full reader.
human development3
Human Development
  • Some things are consistent; some things are not.
  • Some aspects of human development are more predictive than others.
human development4
Human Development
  • Goal:
    • To describe human development
    • To explain
    • To predict
    • To possibly modify
human development5
Human Development
  • Five aspects of development
    • Physical Development
    • Intellectual or Cognitive Development
    • Personality Development
    • Social Development
    • Moral Development
human development6
Human Development
  • Major Development in Eight Periods of the Lifespan
    • Prenatal
    • Infancy and Toddlerhood (B-3)
    • Early Childhood (3-6)
    • Middle childhood (6-12)
    • Adolescence (12-20)
    • Young Adulthood (20-40)
    • Middle Age (40-65)
    • Late Adulthood (65 and up)
human development7
Human Development
  • Issue of average
  • Issue of individual differences
  • Things that can influence development
    • Heredity
    • environment
human development8
Human Development
  • Normative age-graded influences
  • Normative history-graded influences
  • Normative history-graded influences
  • Nonnormative life events
ecological theory
Ecological Theory
  • Urie Bronfenbrenner (1979)
  • One of the founders of “Head Start”
    • Microsystem
    • Mesosystem
    • Exosystem
    • Macrosystem
ethological theory
Ethological theory
  • Behavior is strongly influenced by biology.
  • Behavior is tied to evolution.
  • Behavior is characterized by critical or sensitive periods.
ethological theory11
Ethological theory
  • Karl Lorenz

(1903-1989)

lorenz ethological theory
Lorenz & ethological theory
  • Imprinting: rapid, innate learning within a critical period of time that involves attachment to the first moving object seen (Lorenz’s geese became attached to him).
lorenz ethological theory13
Lorenz & ethological theory
  • Critical period: a fixed time period early in development during which certain behaviors optimally emerge.