an introduction to the japanese language saturday june 17 2006 kazumi takahashi n.
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An Introduction to the Japanese Language Saturday, June 17, 2006 Kazumi Takahashi. Characteristics. 5 vowels a - /a/; i - /i/; u – /u/; e - /e/; o - /o/ Romanized Japanese words: mine, Mike SOV topic first, verb final, and everything else falls between like Korean

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Presentation Transcript
characteristics
Characteristics
  • 5 vowels

a - /a/; i - /i/; u – /u/; e - /e/; o - /o/

Romanized Japanese words: mine, Mike

  • SOV

topic first, verb final, and everything else falls between

like Korean

  • post-positional grammatical markers

topic, subject, direct object, indirect object, instrument, direction, place of action, among others

e.g.) Yoshi reads the bible at 10:00 at home today.

Yoshi-wa kyoo uchi-de seisho-o yomimasu.

  • pitch accent
so what is pitch accent
So… what is pitch accent?
  • (as opposed to) stress accent

e.g.) dictionary

⇨dic ·tion · ary

dic ·tion · ary

  • two pitches- high and low
  • high pitch can continue
  • some well-known Japanese words

Toyota

to・yo・ta

karaoke

ka・ra・o・ke

Honda

ho・n・da

Nissan

ni・s・sa・n

writing systems
Writing Systems
  • There are three sets of letters and characters, each with its own function
  • Hiragana

46 letters in modern Japanese, each representing one sound

  • Katakana

46letters in modern Japanese, each representing one sound

  • Kanji

“Chinese characters”

each character represents meaning

On-reading

approximation to the sound representation of the character at the time of its importation

Kun-reading

Japanese original readings of the character based on its meaning

let s read hiragana
Let’s read Hiragana
  • か み さ ま

ka mi sa ma

  • あ な た

a na ta

  • あ い し て お ら れ ま す

a i shi te o ra re ma su

“God loves you.”

かみさま○   あなた○  あいしておられます

かみさま-topic あなた-direct object  あいしておられます

かみさま-wa   あなた-o あいしておられます