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Roman Art and Culture. Overview. The Roman civilization came to dominate the Western World At its height, the Roman Empire covered an area as large as Australia The Romans excelled in architecture The Romans often times borrowed or imitated paintings and sculptures of the Greeks

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overview
Overview
  • The Roman civilization came to dominate the Western World
  • At its height, the Roman

Empire covered an area as

large as Australia

  • The Romans excelled in

architecture

  • The Romans often times borrowed or imitated paintings and sculptures of the Greeks
  • Interested in portraiture –but more realistic than the Greeks
slide3

They discovered concrete which contributed to the size of their sculptures and architecture

  • Also influenced by the Etruscans (ruled over central Italy for some time)
  • Overthrew kings in 509 BCE and had a republican gov’t
  • As a part of their growth the Roman Empire built …
    • forums and basilicas

(administrative and

commercial buildings)

slide4

aqueducts (to carry water)

  • sophisticated road systems
  • racetracks
  • -public baths
                • Theaters
  • - housing
the colosseum

72-80 AD-over the course of three

              • emperors-Vespasian, Titus, and Domition
  • Rome, Italy
  • Free standing (most previous ones were built into hillsides)
  • Built by war prisoners
  • 50,000 people could sit in the Colosseum
  • It has 76 entries and is the model for modern day amphitheaters
  • and sports fields
  • The arch and vault made up much of the construction of
  • the amphitheater
  • The outer wall is 16 stories high
The Colosseum
slide8

- A velarium stretched across the top of the Colosseum to protect viewers from sun and rain

                  • -Inside, the floor was wooden with sand. Now that is gone revealing chambers underneath.
  • Ranked as one of the most astonishing achievements from antiquity
  • Used for gladiator competitions
  • Damaged due to earthquakes and stone robbers-now in current times it is being further ruined by traffic vibration and exhaust
the pantheon
The Pantheon
                  • 118-125 AD
  • Rome, Italy
  • Built in honor of all the gods
  • Dome is coffered- decorated

with a series of recessed

rectangular panels which reduce

the weight of the dome

  • Walls get thicker at the bottom

of the dome (20 feet thick)

slide10

Oculus-latin for “eye” it is the

opening at the top of a dome or wall

is thirty feet in diameter

  • Rain carried away by underground

drainage

  • Italy’s great artists and

composers buried here

  • Dome originally covered with

gilded bronze plates

Oldest standing domed

structure in Rome

  • Portico uses follows

Corinthian order

  • Marble interior and bronze

exterior doors