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i. Grid 2 ooo. Empowering Global Research Community Networking. University of Illinois at Chicago and Indiana University in collaboration with the University of Tokyo and Keio University. INET 2000, July 18-21, 2000, Yokohama, Japan,

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Grid 2ooo


Global Research

Community Networking

University of Illinois at Chicago and Indiana University

in collaboration with the University of Tokyo and Keio University

INET 2000, July 18-21, 2000, Yokohama, Japan,

Maxine Brown

Electronic Visualization Laboratory

University of Illinois at Chicago

July 10, 2000

igrid the international grid
iGrid: The International Grid

Goal: To showcase the evolution and

importance of global research community


Scenes from iGrid ’98:

igrid the international grid1
iGrid: The International Grid
  • iGrid highlights achievements in grid architecture development and the advancements enabled in science, engineering, cultural heritage, distance education, media communications, and art and architecture
  • 24 demonstrations featuring technical innovations and application advancements requiring tele-immersion, large datasets, distributed computing, remote instrumentation, collaboration, human/computer interfaces, streaming media, digital video and high-definition television
  • 14 countries: Canada, CERN, Germany, Greece, Japan, Korea, Mexico, The Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, United Kingdom, USA
star tap science technology and research transit access point
STAR TAP:Science Technology And Research Transit Access Point

















US Networks

vBNS, vBNS+, Abilene, ESnet, DREN, NREN/NISN


igrid 2000 cern and the usa
iGrid 2000CERN and the USA

Distributed Particle

Physics Research

  • California Institute of Technology, USA, USA
  • CERN

This application demonstrates remote viewing and analysis of particle physics events. The application is the front end to an engineered object-oriented global system that incorporates grid middleware

for authentication and resource discovery, a distributed object database containing several terabytes of simulated events, and a component that enables queries issued by the front-end application to be matched to available computing resources in the system (matchmaking service).

igrid 2000 germany and singapore
iGrid 2000Germany and Singapore

MediaZineA Combination of Television, WWW,

Telecommunications and 3D Computer Graphics

  • Fraunhofer Institute Graphische Datenverarbeitung (IGD), Germany
  • Centre for AdvancedMedia Technology (CAM Tech), Singapore

An interactive multimedia magazine, including text, images, live-audio, live-video, animations, 3D computer graphics and embedded electronic commerce and communication functions.

igrid 2000 germany and the usa
iGrid 2000Germany and the USA


Online Monitoring and Steering of

Remote Black Hole Simulations

  • Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Germany
  • Konrad-Zuse- Zentrum für Informationstechnik Germany
  • Argonne National Labs, USA
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Labs, USA,

A demonstration of several remote monitoring, steering, and visualization tools for Remote Black Hole Simulations and Remote Visualization of Large-Scale Datasets.

igrid 2000 germany usa japan and uk
iGrid 2000Germany, USA, Japan and UK




Distributed Simulation Analysis

  • Sandia National Laboratories, USA
  • High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart
  • (HLRS), Germany

Thanks to the Computer Services for Academic Research Centre (Manchester, UK), the Centre of Virtual Environments at University of Salford (UK), Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center (Japan) and Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (USA) for additional supercomputing resources.

This application emphasizes distributed

parallel supercomputing and a

collaborative virtual-reality computation steering environment applied to Grand Challenge problems.

igrid 2000 greece and the usa
iGrid 2000Greece and the USA




Shared Miletus

  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
  • Foundation for the Hellenic World, Greece

Thanks to UIC for providing computing and networking resources.

This Cultural Heritage demonstration takes visitors on a shared virtual voyage through the ancient Greek city of Miletus as it existed 2000 years ago.

igrid 2000 japan
iGrid 2000Japan

Digital Cinema 2000:

Super High Definition

Digital Movie

Communication System

  • NTT, Japan

NTT’s digital movie system using SHD images transmits extra-high-quality, digital, full-color movies of 2048x2048 pixel resolution at 24 or 60 Hz using 155/622 Mbps ATM transmission systems.

igrid 2000 japan1
iGrid 2000Japan




Haptic Collaboration in

a Networked Virtual


  • Gifu MVL Research Center, Telecommunications Advancement Organization (TAO), Japan
  • University of Tokyo, Japan

A demonstration of wearable haptic gear (touch and force) communication, as well as

visual communication, between the CAVE at iGrid 2000 and CABIN at the University of Tokyo.

igrid 2000 japan2
iGrid 2000Japan


Plate Window Manager (PWM): 2D Window

Manipulation System in a Virtual 3D World

  • Gifu MVL Research Center, Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan , Japan
  • University of Tokyo, Japan

PWM accesses traditional 2Dwindow systems and applications, such as web browsers, in a 3D virtual world with a virtual mouse.

igrid 2000 japan3
iGrid 2000Japan




Video Avatar Communication

in a Networked Virtual


  • MVL Research Center, Telecommunications Advancement Organization (TAO), Japan
  • University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Gifu Technoplaza

Video avatars communicate among the CAVE at iGrid 2000, CABIN at the University of Tokyo and COSMOS at the Gifu Technoplaza.

igrid 2000 japan and the usa
iGrid 2000Japan and the USA




Cultural Heritage in

Virtual Reality

  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), USA
  • AdvancedTechnology Center, University of Missouri, USA
  • University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Telecommunications Advancement Organization (TAO), Japan
  • NTT, Japan
  • Nippon Hosou Kyokai (NHK), Japan
  • English Department, UIC, USA

Using Cultural Heritage as an application driver, the goal of the Networked Virtual Environments CollaborativeTrans-Oceanic Research (N*VECTOR) project is to link EVL’s CAVE and Tokyo’s CABIN in order to better understand the requirements of multiple media flows among sophisticated virtual-reality displays over great distances.

igrid 2000 japan and the usa1
iGrid 2000Japan and the USA

Data and Information Access

Link (DIAL)

  • NASDA, Japan
  • National Space Development Agency (NASDA)/RESTEC, Japan
  • Jeff Smith, NASA EOS, USA

DIAL is a web-based distributed system to

search, access and visualize satellite remote

sensing data for Global Change research. In

collaboration with NASDA and other institutions,

NASA has DIAL servers set up to distribute satellite remote sensing data.

NASA and NASDA also collaborate on the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM); 3D data is transferred from NASA to NASDA using TransPAC/APAN, processed and visualized for the web.

igrid 2000 japan and usa
iGrid 2000Japan and USA

High Speed Networking with Subaru

Telescope in Hawaii

  • University of Tokyo, Japan
  • National Astronomical Observatory of Japan
  • University of Hawaii
  • APAN/KDD Laboratories
  • AT&T

The Subaru Telescope in Hawaii is connected via a high-speed link to the INET 2000/ iGrid 2000 conference site in Yokohama, and high-definition astronomical images are quickly retrieved and downloaded. Real-time interactive classes and discussions with researchers also take place between Hawaii and Yokohama using high-quality multimedia communication tools.

igrid 2000 japan and the usa2
iGrid 2000Japan and the USA

Advanced Networking

for Telemicroscopy

  • National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research , UCSD, USA
  • Research Center for Ultra-High Voltage Electron Microscopy, Osaka Univ., Japan
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

Two online telemicroscopy systems, one at NCMIR and one at Osaka, use internationalresearch networks to provide interactive, remote control of high power microscopes.

igrid 2000 the netherlands and usa
iGrid 2000The Netherlands and USA




ALIVE: Architectural

Linked Immersive


  • Academic Computing Services Amsterdam (SARA), The Netherlands
  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

ALIVE is used to evaluate the usability of collaborative virtual reality for architectural design.

The ALIVE project started February 1999 at SARA in cooperation with EVL and OMA (Office for Metropolitan Architecture). In February 1998, Rem Koolhaas won the Richard H. Driehaus Foundation International Design Competition for the new Campus Center at Illinois Institute of Technology’s historic Mies van der Rohe campus

igrid 2000 singapore
iGrid 2000Singapore

Human Anatomy


  • National University of Singapore

The NUS Integrated Virtual Learning Environment enables staff and students to communicate, exchange information, discuss and access

custom learning materials and course-related web sites. “Lecture-on-Demand” (LoD) delivery makes students assume more responsibility, and provides greater flexibility, in learning. A prototype anatomy LoD, “The Abdominal Wall and Inguinal Canal,” is demonstrated.

igrid 2000 singapore and the usa
iGrid 2000Singapore and the USA

CyberCAD: Internet Distributed

Interactive Collaborative Design

  • Temasek Polytechnic, Singapore
  • National University of Singapore
  • Indiana University, USA

CyberCAD software has a controller-

observer architecture to support

reliable point-to-point synchronous

portable Collaborative Computer

Aided Design (COCAD). It allows geographically dispersed designers to work and communicate together synchro-nously on 3D design models, regardless of platform.

igrid 2000 sweden and usa
iGrid 2000Sweden and USA


Steering and Visualization

of aFinite-Difference Code

on a Computational Grid

  • Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
  • University of Houston, USA

This application enables computational steering of electromagnetic simulations across distributed resources using interactive visualization in a virtual-reality environment.

igrid 2000 taiwan and germany
iGrid 2000Taiwan and Germany




A Virtual GIS-Based

3D Hydrodynamic Model

of Tamshui River

  • National Center for High-Performance Computing, Taiwan
  • Brandenburg University of Technology at Cottbus, Germany

Due to the dense population and rapid economic

development of the Tamshui River, the largest

estuarine system of the island, Taiwan is

studying the river’s hydrodynamic and water quality. Dirty water, air, soil and mudslides pose a threat to public health, causing deaths and property losses during the seasons of typhoon and heavy rain. Tele-immersion tools enable researchers to visualize and analyze the computed results.

igrid 2000 usa
iGrid 2000USA

Access Grid

  • Argonne National Laboratory, USA

The Access Grid is the ensemble of

resources used to support group-to-group

human interaction across the grid. It

consists of large-format multimedia

projective displays, presentation and

interactive software environments,

interfaces to grid middleware, and

interfaces to remote visualization environments. The Access Grid is designed to support large-scale distributed meetings, collaborative teamwork sessions, seminars, lectures, tutorials and training.

igrid 2000 usa1
iGrid 2000USA


Argus: Controlling Real-

Time Imaging Sensors from

a Virtual Environment

  • Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
  • Computer Science, UIUC, USA

This project streams 2D and 3D images from Argus, a room surrounded with cameras, into the CAVE using Crumbs volumetric rendering software. The project explores tradeoffs between sending 3D data volumes versus low-bandwidth, low-latency stereo pairs. This demonstration showcases how parallel video acquisition lends itself to viewing 3D scenes in different time zones.

Argus consists of 64 optical cameras imaging a 14-foot diameter, 8-foot tall cylindrical volume. A 32-node Beowulf Linux cluster controls the camera array and performs image-processing algorithms. Argus delivers two kinds of data: full 3D data volumes (128 points per side; 2-8 volumes per second) and stereo image pairs for any viewpoint in the cylindrical volume.

igrid 2000 usa2
iGrid 2000USA




Blue Window Pane II

  • Indiana University, USA

Special thanks to the Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Blue Window Pane II is a networked environment that explores communication building through whimsical characters, conceptual landscapes and sound-activated graphics. Using art as a communication tool for shared connectivity, participants collaborate in a world of dreams, dilemmas and reflections.

igrid 2000 usa3
iGrid 2000USA




TIDE: The Tele-Immersive

Data Explorer

  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
  • National Center for Data Mining, University of Illinois at Chicago

TIDE is a CAVERNsoft-based collaborative,immersive environment for querying and visualizing data from massive and distributed datastores.

igrid 2000 usa4
iGrid 2000USA




Tele-immersive Image

Based Rendering

  • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

The Collaborative Image Based Rendering Viewer (CIBR View) is aCAVERNsoft-based tool for viewing animated sequences of image-based renderings from volume data. CIBR View was designed to allow DOE scientists to view volume renderings composed of 2D image slices.

igrid 2000 usa canada japan singapore netherlands sweden cern spain mexico korea
iGrid 2000USA, Canada, Japan, Singapore, Netherlands, Sweden, CERN, Spain, Mexico, Korea

GiDVN: Global Internet

Digital Video Network

  • Digital Video Working Group, Coordinating Committee for International Research Networks
  • CERN, Switzerland
  • APAN, Japan; KDD, Japan
  • APAN-KR, Korea; Seoul National University, Korea
  • SURFnet, The Netherlands
  • DFSCA-UNAM, Mexico
  • SingAREN, Singapore
  • Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Spain
  • Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
  • Int’l Center for Advanced Internet Research (iCAIR), Northwestern, USA

GiDVN projects are enhancing media capabilities for the next-generation Internet, enabling new applications to interoperate throughout the world.

igrid 2000
iGrid 2000

Of course, wherever they collaborate…

They connect to Yokohama, Japan, too!

igrid committees
iGrid Committees
  • iGrid Co-Chairs and Organizing Institutions
    • Tomonori Aoyama, The University of Tokyo, Japan
    • Tom DeFanti, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    • Jun Murai, Keio University/WIDE Project, Japan
    • Michael A. McRobbie, Indiana University, USA
  • iGrid Executive Management Team
    • Maxine Brown, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    • Hiroshi Esaki, The University of Tokyo, Japan
  • iGrid 2000 Supporters
    • Japan Ministry of Post and Telecommunications (MPT)
    • Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI)
    • Foundation for MultiMedia Communications (FMMC), Japan
  • iGrid 2000 Co-Organizing Institutions
    • Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan (TAO)
    • Communications Research Laboratory (CRL), Japan
igrid committees continued
iGrid Committees, continued…
  • iGrid 2000 Organizing Committee Affiliations
    • Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago
    • Indiana University
    • Pacific Interface, Inc.
    • Argonne National Laboratory
    • APAN, Japan
    • AT&T Japan/ Concert Japan
    • Communications Research Laboratory, Japan
    • Concert USA
    • Gemini Project, USA
    • Internet2, USA
    • Keio University/WIDE Project, Japan
    • NAIST/WIDE Project, Japan
    • Nissho Electronics Corporation, Japan
    • NTT, Japan
    • Osaka University, Japan
    • Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan (TAO)
    • University of Chicago, USA
    • University of Hawaii, USA
    • University of Southern California/Information Sciences Institute, USA
    • The University of Tokyo, Japan
    • VRCO
igrid committees continued1
iGrid Committees, continued…
  • iGrid 2000 Contributors
    • American Power Conversion Japan Corp.
    • APAN/TransPAC
    • Asia-Pacific Information Infrastructure (APII)
    • AT&T
    • Cisco Systems K.K.
    • Cisco Systems, Inc.
    • Concert
    • Foundary Networks, Inc. / Mitsui & Co., Ltd.
    • Gemini Project
    • Hitachi, Ltd.
    • IBM
    • Indiana University
    • Keio University
    • KDD
    • Litton Network Access Systems
    • MKOCN (Mauna Kea Observatories Communication Network)
    • MPT Japan Gigabit Network
igrid committees continued2
iGrid Committees, continued…
  • iGrid 2000 Contributors, continued…
    • National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Subaru Telescope)
    • Nissho Electronics Corporation
    • NTT Communications Corp.
    • Osaka University
    • PNJ Communications, Inc.
    • Settsu Metal Industrial Co., Ltd.
    • SGI Japan
    • Singapore Advanced Research & Education Network (SingAREN)
    • Sony Marketing (Japan), Inc.
    • STAR TAP
    • Sumitomo Corp.
    • Time Warner Telecommunications, Hawaii, USA
    • Tokyo Telecommunication Network Co., Inc.
    • University of Hawaii
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
    • The University of Tokyo
    • University of Washington
    • WIDE Project
    • Wire One Technologies, Inc.
for more information
For More Information