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Chapter 7. States of Consciousness. Consciousness. Awareness of what’s going on around you (thoughts, feelings, actions, etc.). Sleep. Stage 1 – Beginning of sleep, just drifting (10 minutes) Stage 2 – Brain waves pick up (20 or so minutes)

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consciousness
Consciousness
  • Awareness of what’s going on around you (thoughts, feelings, actions, etc.)
sleep
Sleep
  • Stage 1 – Beginning of sleep, just drifting (10 minutes)
  • Stage 2 – Brain waves pick up (20 or so minutes)
  • Stage 3 – Shifting into a deep sleep, high level of brain waves (30 minutes)
  • Stage 4 – Deepest sleep (night terrors – do not remember them always)
  • REM Sleep – Rapid Eye Movement – stage where dreams take place; muscles completely relax
sleep1
Sleep
  • Circadian Rhythm – biological “clock” that lets you know what you should be doing depending on the time of day
  • Hours of sleep:
    • Babies – 16 hours
    • Teenagers – 8 – 10 hours
    • Young Adults – 8 hours
    • Older Adults – 5 hours
sleep disorders
Sleep Disorders
  • Insomnia
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Narcolepsy
  • Nightmares/Night Terrors
  • Sleepwalking and Sleep Talking
dreams
Dreams
  • Interpretation
    • Manifest Content – what happens in your dream
    • Latent Content – what the manifest content means
  • Lucid Dreams – dreams you are aware of an may control
  • Daydreams – indirect thinking or fantasizing (requires slow levels of attention)
hypnosis
Hypnosis
  • State of consciousness based on highly focused attention and suggestibility
  • Posthypnotic Suggestion – tasks/thoughts to do after hypnosis
  • Hypnotic analgesia – less pain after hypnosis
biofeedback
Biofeedback
  • Bio – physiological
  • Learning to control body through machines that monitor physiological aspects of the body (heart rate, brain waves, etc.)
meditation
Meditation
  • Focused attention to clear your mind and relax
  • Various cultures have their own forms; depends on purpose
drugs1
Drugs
  • Psychoactive drugs – drugs that interfere with the nervous system and put you in an altered state of consciousness
    • Stimulants, Depressants, Hallucinogens
    • Enter blood stream, act as neurotransmitters

(Need to be powerful enough to alter your consciousness to be considered psychoactive)

marijuana
Marijuana
  • Plant that is dried out and smoked or eaten
  • Initial effects:
    • Heightened sensory experiences
    • Feelings of relaxation and passiveness
    • Increased emotional reactions (both good and bad)
  • Long term effects:
    • Impaired memory function
    • Inability to pay attention or think clearly
    • Lung damage
    • Psychological addiction
hallucinogens
Hallucinogens
  • Found in plants and taken orally
  • Initial effects:
    • Panic attacks
    • Cause hallucinations (trips):
      • Seeing, hearing, experiencing things that aren’t really there
      • Can last between 6 – 14 hours
  • Long term effects:
    • Flashbacks
    • Impaired thinking
    • Panic attacks
opiates narcotics
Opiates (Narcotics)
  • Pain relievers – taken orally or injected
  • Initial effects:
    • Pain relief/euphoria
    • Loss of attention to reality
  • Long term effects:
    • Physical addiction
    • Withdrawal symptoms
    • Respiratory problems
depressants
Depressants
  • Alcohol (most common)
  • Initial effects:
    • Loosening of inhibitions
    • Impaired judgment
  • Long term effects:
    • Brain and liver damage
    • Memory loss