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Greek Mythology. Folk Stories of the Greek gods and goddesses. Where in the world is GREECE?. The capital city is Athens It is famous for beautiful beaches and sea!. The Climate. The Mediterranean Sea affects the Greek climate: cooling the air in summer providing warmth in winter.

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Greek mythology

Greek Mythology

Folk Stories of the Greek gods and goddesses


Where in the world is greece
Where in the world is GREECE?

  • The capital city is Athens

  • It is famous for beautiful beaches and sea!


The climate
The Climate

  • The Mediterranean Sea affects the Greek climate:

  • cooling the air in summer

  • providing warmth in winter.


Agriculture
Agriculture

Olive grove in rocky Greek soil


Agriculture1

Good climate but bad terrain (very mountainous)

Hilly ground: grapes

Rocky soil: olives

Good soil: corn and wheat

Sea was very important

Homer describes various fishing methods using hooks, nets, and harpoon in both the Iliad and the Odyssey

Agriculture


The ancient greek people
The Ancient Greek People:


Religion and education
Religion and Education

Temple of Apollo

Oracle at Delphi


What is greek mythology

Greek Mythology is a collection of stories that Greeks used to explain their world.

Greek myths are fiction, but the Greeks believed they were true.

What is Greek Mythology?


The greeks and their beliefs

The Greeks had many gods. to explain their world.

The Olympian gods were mostly portrayed as physically strong, beautiful and intelligent.

Both good and evil comes from the gods.

Heroes and monsters came from the gods.

The Greeks and Their Beliefs


The gods and goddesses of mt olympus

Mt. Olympus was the largest mountain in Greece. It was the home of the gods and goddesses.

gods and goddesses were immortal, they could not die.

No humans were allowed on top of Mt. Olympus, but the Olympians were allowed on Earth.

The gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus


Mt olympus
Mt. Olympus home of the gods and goddesses.


Greek gods
Greek gods home of the gods and goddesses.

  • Zeus’s court included scores of subordinate deities who had various responsibilities

Athena: Wisdom, War

Poseidon: Sea, Earthquakes

Apollo:

Truth, Light, Music, Healing


Chief god home of the gods and goddesses.

Lord of sky

God of thunder & lightening

Zeus


Wife and sister of Zeus home of the gods and goddesses.

Goddess of marriage, protector of childbirth & heroes

Portrayed as extremely jealous and mean

Hera


Poseidon


Apollo home of the gods and goddesses.

  • god of light, music and poetry

  • most beautiful god

  • also the god of medicine

  • taught people the art of healing

  • fine marksman

  • could predict the future


  • Zeus home of the gods and goddesses.’ favorite

  • goddess of wisdom, strategy, protector of cities and civilizations

  • goddess of handicrafts and art

Athena


Hermes home of the gods and goddesses.

  • Zeus’ graceful, happy son

  • Very mischievous and tricky

  • Zeus’ messenger

  • Wore winged sandals and a winged cap


Aphrodite home of the gods and goddesses.

  • Goddess of love and beauty

  • Goddess of desire

  • Wherever she walked flowers sprang up beneath her feet

  • she appeared from the foam of the sea

  • Her son is Eros (Cupid)


The greek gods and goddesses
The Greek gods and goddesses home of the gods and goddesses.


Homer

Epic: a long poem which tells a story involving gods, heroes, and heroic exploits

Iliad: Greek perspective on the war against Troy in the 12th Century B.C.

Odyssey: Experiences of the Greek hero Odysseus as he sailed home after the Trojan

Homer


The walls of troy vi

The walls of Troy VI heroes, and heroic exploits

In Search of the Trojan War, pp. 74


Troy vi from the north

Troy VI from the North heroes, and heroic exploits

In Search of the Trojan War, pp. 204


Reconstruction of troy vi 13 th century

Reconstruction of Troy VI - 13 heroes, and heroic exploits th century

In Search of the Trojan War, pp. 204


Trojan war
Trojan War heroes, and heroic exploits

  • About 1200 B.C., the Mycenaeans fought the Trojan War with the city of Troy in Anatolia

  • At the same time, foreigners invaded the Mycenaean homeland

  • From 1100 to 800 B.C., chaos reigned throughout the eastern Mediterranean

  • In the absence of a centralized state or empire, local institutions took the lead in restoring political order to Greece

    • City-states

The Trojan Horse


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