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Niagara Falls City School District Right To Know. Prepared by Kevin Czaja Orleans Niagara BOCES [email protected] Hazard Communication Standard. OSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with hazardous chemicals.

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Niagara Falls City

School District

Right To Know

Prepared by Kevin Czaja

Orleans Niagara BOCES

[email protected]

Hazard communication standard

Hazard Communication Standard

OSHA created the Hazard Communication Standard to help ensure your safety when working with hazardous chemicals.

Hazard Communication involves the communication of hazards about chemicals to employees, also know as the “Right To Know”.

Hazard communication program
Hazard Communication Program

Each school building has a written HazCom Program. This program is located in the Main Office of each building.

  • Employers will:

  • Provide training on hazardous materials

  • Discuss labels

  • Provide MSDS

Use chemicals safely
Use Chemicals Safely

  • Know the chemicals you are

    working with

  • Know the hazards and how to protect yourself

  • Store them properly

  • Use correct personal protective equipment - PPE

Physical hazards in
Physical Hazards In

Chemicals May Be:

  • Explosive

  • Compressed Gases

  • Flammable

  • Combustible Liquid

  • Unstable

  • Oxidizer

  • Organic Peroxide

  • Water-reactive

Health hazards
Health Hazards

Chemicals can:

  • Cause cancer

  • Be Poisonous / Toxic

  • Damage skin, internal organs,

    or nervous system

  • Be corrosive – acids, alkalines

  • Cause allergic reactions after repeated


Chemicals may enter the body through

Chemicals MayEnter The Body Through




Chemicals affect the body
Chemicals Affect the Body

  • Chemicals that enter the body can affect your lungs, kidneys, and/or liver

  • The effects can be acute or chronic

Read the label
Read The Label

  • Avoid mixing of chemicals unless directed

  • Chemicals may react dangerously when mixed with other chemicals



All containers must be labeled

You should never have any

unlabeled containers in your workplace!

Secondary containers
Secondary Containers

  • Must be appropriate for the chemical

  • Be thoroughly rinsed as residue may cause a chemical reaction

  • Never use food or beverage containers

Labeling of secondary containers
Labeling of Secondary Containers

  • Remove old label

  • New Label:

    • Product name

    • Manufacturer's name

    • Hazards

    • PPE

Material safety data sheet
Material SafetyData Sheet

  • The MSDS is the primary source of information about hazardous chemicals used in your worksite

  • Your employer must have an MSDS for every hazardous substance you use as part of your job

  • The MSDS must be readily available in your workplace

Purpose of msds
Purpose of MSDS

  • Communicate the hazards of the product to employees

  • Potential health effects

  • Physical and chemical characteristics

  • Protective measures

  • Reactivity Data

  • Spill & Leak Procedures

  • Special Protection Information

  • Special Precautions


Company Information

Hazardous Ingredients

Revision Date

Fire and Explosion Data

Health Hazard Data

Msds chemical inventory list
MSDS Chemical Inventory List

  • Chemical inventories are

    updated annually

  • MSDS and chemical inventory lists are kept in area where chemicals are found. Master copies are kept in the office of Supervisor / Assistant Supervisor of Operations and Maintenance

Chemical storage
Chemical Storage

  • Keep chemicals in a secured location

  • Separate based on compatibility

  • Store flammable/acidic material in approved flammable/acid storage cabinets

Chemical exposure

Chemical Exposure

Treat immediately

Eyes: Flush with water for 15 minutes

Skin: Wash with soap and water

Inhalation: Move to fresh air

Swallowing: Get emergency

medical assistance



The bloodborne pathogen standard
The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard

  • Required by OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1030

  • Schools are required to develop and implement an Exposure Control Plan to:

    • protect employees who are at risk for acquiring bloodborne diseases

    • protect those employees whose activities may involve contact with infectious body fluids

What is a bloodborne pathogen

What is a Bloodborne Pathogen?

Microorganisms that are carried in the blood that can cause disease in humans

Common bloodborne pathogen diseases
Common Bloodborne Pathogen Diseases


Hepatitis C

Hepatitis B

Human immunodeficiency virus hiv
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS

  • HIV depletes the immune system

  • HIV does not survive well outside the body

  • No threat on contracting HIV through casual contact

Hiv is spread through
HIV is Spread Through

  • Blood to blood exposure

  • Transfusion of infected blood

  • Sharing of needles

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse

  • Born of infected mother

Hepatitis c hcv
Hepatitis C (HCV)

  • Hepatitis C is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States

  • Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting

  • May lead to chronic liver disease

    and death

Hepatitis b hbv

Over 1 million people are infected

Symptoms include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting

Hepatitis B (HBV)

  • Vaccination available

  • May lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death

  • HBV can survive for at least one week in dried blood

  • Symptoms can occur

  • 1 - 9 months after exposure

Hepatitis b vaccination
Hepatitis B Vaccination

  • Your school will offer the Hepatitis B Vaccination to the “At Risk Personnel” listed in the Exposure Control Plan

  • Consent/Refusal Form for vaccination must be completed by “At Risk Personnel”

  • Vaccine is provided at no cost

    to employees

Potentially infectious bodily fluids

Potentially Infectious Bodily Fluids

  • Skin tissue, cell cultures

  • Any other bodily fluid

  • Blood

  • Saliva

  • Vomit

  • Urine

  • Semen or vaginal secretions

Transmission potential
Transmission Potential

  • Contact with another person’s blood or bodily fluid that may contain blood

  • Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose

  • Non-intact skin

  • Contaminated sharps/needles

Your exposure potential
Your Exposure Potential

  • Administering first aid

  • Post-accident cleanup

  • Janitorial or maintenance work

  • Handling of any waste products

Universal precautions

Universal Precautions

Use of proper PPE

Treat all blood and bodily fluids as if they are contaminated

Proper cleanup and decontamination

Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner

Personal protective equipment ppe
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Anything that is used to protect a person from exposure

  • Latex or Nitrile gloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, respirators

Ppe rules to remember
PPE Rules to Remember

  • Always check PPE for defects or tears before using

  • If PPE becomes torn or defective remove and get new

  • Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area

  • Do not reuse disposable equipment

Regulated medical waste must be place in biohazard containers
Regulated Medical WasteMust BePlace in BioHazard Containers

  • Liquid or semi-liquid blood or Other Potentially Infectious Material (OPIM)

  • Contaminated items that could release


  • Contaminated sharps in

    sharps container



Do an initial wipe up

Use disinfectant as per manufacturer’s directions

Dispose of all blood / body fluid waste / towels in biohazard red containers

PPE should also be removed and disposed of in biohazard red containers

Hand washing
Hand Washing

  • Wash hands immediately after removing PPE

  • Use an antibacterial soap

  • A hand sanitizer can be used but wash with soap and water as soon as possible

Exposure incident response

Exposure Incident Response

Contact with skin: wash exposed areas with antibacterial soap and running water

Contact with eyes or mucous membranes: flush affected area with running water for at least 15 minutes

Contact with clothing: remove contaminated clothing, wash

underlying skin

Exposure incident response1
Exposure Incident Response

  • Report all accidents involving blood or bodily fluids immediately to your supervisor and/or nurse

  • A Post-Exposure medical evaluation will be offered to any employee involved in an exposure incident

Post exposure evaluation
Post-Exposure Evaluation

  • A Consent/Declination Form for Post-Exposure Incident Medical Evaluation must be completed after all exposure incidents

  • If Consent Form is signed, the employer will make arrangements for that employee to seek medical evaluation



Medical records include:

Hepatitis B vaccination status

Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up results

Training records include:

Training dates

Contents of the training

Signature of trainer and trainee

Location of the exposure control plan
Location of the Exposure Control Plan

  • Nurse’s office of each building

  • District’s Nurse Practitioner’s Office

  • Office of Supervisor / Assistant Supervisor of Operations and Maintenance


  • Building Nurse

  • Nurse Practitioner or

  • Kevin Czaja - Safety Risk Specialist

    reachable through the office of Supervisor / Assistant Supervisor of Operations and Maintenance

Please feel free to ask any questions about the material covered by contacting your:

Prepared by Kevin Czaja

Orleans Niagara BOCES

[email protected]