Levels of intensity. A variety of services are now available to address the varied requirements from basic personal to the more specialized sub acute long term care. 5 types of Long Term Care. Personal Care Personal care refers to light assistance with basic ADLs such as bathing.
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A variety of services are now available to address the varied requirements from basic personal to the more specialized sub acute long term care.
Skilled Nursing Care
It is required during the postacute phase of an acute episode.
This care is for patients who remain critically ill during the postacute phase of illness or injury.
It includes various medical, surgical, oncological, rehabilitation and other intensive services.
There are four levels of Subacute Care which are extensive, special, clinically and rehabilitation care.
Children and Adolescents
The second highest % of clients in the LTC are Children and adolescents that are born with birth disorders such as logical palsy, autism, epilepsy etc.
Children that develop physical disability such as dysfunctions are referred to as developmentally disabled, and children that are bellow-average intellectually lead to the MR. Today the average life expectancy of those whit MR approaches 66 years.
Fact: DS is the most common cause of MR in America.
PPL with HIV/AIDS
Aids has evolved from an end-stage terminal illness into a chronic condition. Over a period of time people with AIDS are subject to a number of debilitating conditions, creating the need of assistance.
Furthermore, HIV/AIDS patients are likely to be younger than 60 years, male and Black or Hispanic. This patients require special challenges than the rest of the patients in the LTC because they have higher prevalence of depressions, psychiatric disorders, and dementia associated with AIDS.
PPL requiring Specialized Care
· To deliver LTC in the most economical and least restrictive setting whenever appropriate for the patient’s health care needs.
· To supplement informal care giving when more advance skills are needed
· To provide temporary delay to family from caregiving stress
· To delay institutionalization by meeting the needs of the most weak elderly community settings.
HHC refers to health care provided in the home of the patient by health care professionals. It commonly requires a community or hospital-based home health agency that sends health care professional and paraprofessionals to patient’s homes to deliver services approached by a physician.
What is Adult Day Care?
ADC referred to as adult day service, is a daytime program of nursing care, rehabilitation therapies supervision, and socialization that enables weak people to remain in the community. The national adult day services association is designed for people who because of physical or mental conditions cannot remain along during the day, but who have family members to take care of them so this allows family caregivers to work during the day .It provides a variety of health, social, and other related support services in a protective setting during any part of a day but less than 24-hour care. It normally operates during normal business hours five days a week
Adult Foster Care: Is a service characterized by small, family-run homes providing room, board, and various levels of supervisions, oversight, and personal care to nonrelated adults who are unable to care for themselves. Typically, the care giving family resides in part of the home, however; many people habe made a business of AFC by buying several houses and hiring families to live in them to care for functionally impaired elderly people.