Unit Three Book II 郧阳师专英语系综合英语教研室
Contents of Unix 3 • 1 Language Structures: The Passive Voice • 2 Dialogue I: Farewell to Rude Manners • 3 Dialogue II: Uncertainty • 4 Reading I : A Shopper’s Nightmare • 5 Reading II: A Letter of Complaint
Language Structure • The passive sentence • ① involving the modal auxiliary have to • infinitive + to + be + done • modal auxiliary + be done • ② converted from the active sentence with a direct and an indirect object . • ③ involving the verb phrase / phrasal verb . • ④ formed by the They say / It is said … patterns
Introduce the main teaching points • by reading to the students a short paragraph and then helping the to change the into the passive , where possible • by reading another short passage to the students and asking them some questions on it
Sample questions : • Is it expected that space stations will be built in the near future ? • How will space stations be assembled ? • Are the parts of a space station small or big ? why ? • Why has a radio to be attached to the space station ?
Finish the substitution work . • draw up • ① to prepair a written document • e . g They draw up a list of didates • ② vehicle , to arrive somewhere and stop • e . g The taxi draw up at the gate . • ③ draw up a chair • to bring a chair closer to something • e . g Ben draw his chair up to the fireplace .
set up • ① to start a company , organization , committee • e . g They want to set up their own import-export business . • e . g set up as = start your own business as • John used his inheritance to set up as a graphic designer . • ② arrange , organize • to make the necessary arrangements so that something can happen , such as a meeting , an event , or a system for doing something . • e . g I’ll get my secretary to set up a working lunch for us .
Dialogue One • Questions: • Does A usually go to school by bus or by bike ? • Does he like to go to school by bus ? why ?
Language points • 1). if the worst comes to the worst • = if circumstances become too difficult or dangerous ; if the plan fails . • 若情况太困难或太危险；若计划失败
2). riot • n. wild or violent disturbance by a crowd of people 暴乱，骚乱 • v. take part in a riot 闹事 • ~ police 防暴警察 • ~ shield 防暴盾牌
3). no manners • manners ( used as plural ) , a social behavior • e . g good / bad manners 有（没有）礼貌 • habits and customs 习惯， 风俗
4). elbow • v. • ~ sb out of the way / aside , push sb to one side with the elbows . • 用肘将某人推到一边 • ~ one’s way into ,through ,etc (sth ), force one’s way in a specified ,direction by using one’s elbows . 用肘朝某一方向强行开路 • elbow-grease, hard manual work 费劲的体力活儿 • elbow-room space in which one can move freely 可以自由活动的空间
5). robust • ① vigorous ; healthy and strong 有活力的，健壮的 • a ~ young man • a ~ appetite 旺盛的食欲 • ② (derog ) not delicate or refined 粗野的，粗鲁的 • a rather ~ sense of humor 颇为粗俗的幽默感 • ③ (of wine ) full-bodied （指酒）浓烈的，醇厚的
6). preoccupy • vt. engage (sb or his mind , thoughts etc ) • so that he cannot think of other things ; 占据（某人）思想 • Health worries preoccupy him for the whole holiday .整个假期他一直为健康而担忧
7). code • ① set of laws or rules arranged in a system . • （系统）编排的法律、规则、章程 • ② set of moral principles accepted by society or a group of people • 道德，准则 • a ~ of practice 行业准则 • a ~ of behavior 行为准则
More Activities • The questions for discussion : • What kind of behavior is considered as uncivil ? Can you list some other example ? • How should young people be have ? What’s your opinion ? • Retelling • Reading aloud • Role-play A Retired Teacher’s Impress in
Reading One • Questions : • Where was the birthday gift bought ? • What was the problem with the jumper ? • Why did the author go to London with her friends ? • What happened when the author left the store ? • What was the author accused of ? • How did the author prove that she was innocent ? • What would have happened to the author had it not been a clear –act case ? • What was it that the author was most unhappy about this store ?
Language points • 1). jumper ( Brit ) jersey • ( Us ) pinafore 无袖连衣裙 • 2). stern / / adj. Serious and grim ,not kind or cheerful 严厉的，严肃的
3). accuse • ~ sb ( of sth ) , say that sb has done wrong 指控 • ~ sb of cheating • accusatory adj. of or indicating an accusation 指控的，谴责的 • the accused ( pl unchanged ) person charged in a criminal case 刑事被告
4). demand • ask for ( sth ) as if one is commanding or as if one has a right to do so 要求，请求（某事物） • ~ an apology from sb 要求某人道歉 • The workers are demanding better pay . • 工人要求提高工资。 • She demanded to know my business . • 她过问我的事情。 • He demands that he be told every thing . • 他要求将一切告诉他。
5). assume • v. ① accept (sth) as true before there is proof 假定，假设 • We can’t assume anything in this case . • 在这种情况下我们无法做任何推测。 • ② put on or display (sth ) falsely 装作，装出 • ~ ignorance 假装不知情 • ③ begin to act in or exercise sth ; undertake 开始从事，承担 • ~ office 就职
6). nightmare • A dream arousing feelings of intense fear, horror, and distress / An event or experience that is intensely distressing • ---9.11 was a nightmare for American people.
7). receipt • A written acknowledgment that a specified article, sum of money, or shipment of merchandise has been received 证据：表明证实某具体物件、钱款或商业货物已接到的书面证据 • After I paid the money, the shop assistant gave me a receipt. • 我付过钱之后，店员便给了我一张发票。
8). stern • Hard, harsh, or severe in manner or character: 严格的：在方式或性格上 • ---a stern disciplinarian. 一个严格的实施纪律者 • Grim, gloomy, or forbidding in appearance or outlook. 苛刻的：外观或面貌上严酷的；不高兴的 • ---a stern taskmaster严苛的监工 • ---a stern face 严肃的面孔 • ---a stern look严厉的表情
9). trick • An act or a procedure intended to achieve an end by deceptive or fraudulent means. 诡计，花招：一种目的在于通过欺骗性的或欺诈性的方式达到某一结果的行为或计策 • ---He got money from me by a trick. 他从我这里诈取到了那笔钱。 • ---The wearing of white clothes is a common trick of soldiers fighting in snow-covered country.在积雪的地方作战时，穿白衣服是士兵们惯用的计谋
10). fragile • weak, Easily broken, damaged, or destroyed; frail.脆的：易被打碎的、易被破坏或毁坏的；脆弱的 • Lacking physical or emotional strength; delicate.虚弱的，脆弱的：缺乏体力或情感力量的；易受伤的
Reading Ⅱ • Sample questions : • On that occasions do people write letters of complaints ? • What did Mr. E. M. James complain about in his letters to the Manager of the Falstaff Restaurant ? • What did Mr. James expect the Manger to do concerning his complaint ?
Language points • 1). current / / adj. • ① of the present time , happening now 现在的,现行的 • the ~ issue of a magazine 最新一期的杂志 • ② in common or general use 通用的,通行的 • -ly adv. at the present time 当前,时下 • ~ account (us. checking account ) 活期存款中大户 • ~ affairs 时事 • current assets 流动资产 • current n. ① movement of water (水 气)流 • ② flow of electricity through sth or along a wine or cable 电流 • ③ course or movement of events ,opinions etc • (事件、见解等的)趋向，倾听
2). protest • v. ~ about / at /against sth 抗议 • e. g She protested strongly at being called a snob . • 她极力反对别人说她势力眼。 • ( idm ) protest too much = affirm or deny sth so strongly that one’s • sincerity is doubted . 对某事物肯定或否定过激而失实，过犹不及
3). smooth • adj. • in ~ water 一帆风顺 • as smooth as sick / a baby’s bottom 十分柔软，光滑 • Her skin is still as smooth as a baby’s bottom. • Smoothed-tongued 油腔滑调的 • v. ~ sth (away, back, down ,out etc ) • 使某事物光滑，平坦，平静或顺利 • smooth out a sheet on a bed • (idm) ~ sb’s path 为某人铺平道路 • ~ sb’s ruffled feathers 平息某人的怒力，怒气 • ~ sth away 轻易摆脱或消除某物 • ~ sth over 缓解