Healthcare personnel
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Healthcare Personnel - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Healthcare Personnel . All paid and unpaid persons working in healthcare settings who have the potential for exposure to patients and/or to infectious materials. Measles. Between 2001 and 2010 approximately 60 reported measles cases annually in the U.S.

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Healthcare personnel
Healthcare Personnel

  • All paid and unpaid persons working in healthcare settings who have the potential for exposure to patients and/or to infectious materials


  • Between 2001 and 2010 approximately 60 reported measles cases annually in the U.S.

  • During 2011, 222 measles cases and 17 measles outbreaks reported to CDC from 31 states

  • One out of three persons who had measles in the U.S. in 2011 hospitalized

Healthcare personnel and mmr vaccine
Healthcare Personnel and MMR Vaccine

  • Adequate vaccination for measles, mumps, and rubella for healthcare personnel born during or after 1957 consists of

    • two doses of a live measles- and mumps-containing vaccine, and

    • at least one dose of a rubella-containing vaccine

  • Doses of MMR vaccine should be separated by at least 4 weeks

Healthcare personnel and mmr vaccine1
Healthcare Personnel and MMR Vaccine

  • For unvaccinated personnel who were born before 1957 and lack laboratory evidence of measles, mumps and/or rubella immunity or laboratory confirmation of disease, healthcare facilities should consider vaccination with two doses of MMR vaccine

Healthcare personnel and hepatitis b
Healthcare Personnel and Hepatitis B

  • Unvaccinated healthcare personnel who are at risk of blood or needle-stick injury should be vaccinated with three appropriately spaced doses of hepatitis B vaccine as soon as they begin training, before they can potentially be exposed

Hepatitis b vaccine schedule
Hepatitis B Vaccine Schedule

*The third dose must be separated from the first dose by at least 16 weeks

Hepatitis b
Hepatitis B

  • Healthcare personnel who have contact with patients or exposure to blood should be tested for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen or anti-HBs 1 to 2 months after completion of the 3-dose series

Hepatitis b1
Hepatitis B

  • Nonresponders should receive a second 3-dose series and be retested

  • ACIP recommends a maximum of 6 total doses of hepatitis B vaccine

  • Healthcare personnel without documentation of a complete series or those with an incomplete vaccination history should complete the 3-dose series

Influenza vaccine
Influenza Vaccine

  • Influenza vaccine is the primary strategy for preventing influenza

  • Recommended annually for all eligible persons 6 months of age and older including healthcare personnel

Influenza vaccines
Influenza Vaccines

  • TIV or LAIV can be administered to eligible healthcare personnel without contraindications

  • LAIV can be administered to eligible healthcare personnel who work in any healthcare setting, except those who care for immunocompromised hospitalized persons who require care in a protective environment

Pertussis and healthcare personnel
Pertussis and Healthcare Personnel

  • Healthcare personnel are at increased risk for acquiring and transmitting pertussis

  • Immunity to pertussis wanes- whether from vaccine or disease

  • Tdap vaccination can reduce the risk of disease and prevent transmission

Tdap and healthcare personnel
Tdap and Healthcare Personnel

  • All healthcare personnel, regardless of age, should receive a single dose of Tdap as soon as feasible if they have not previously received a dose of Tdap

  • Tdap vaccine should be administered regardless of the interval from the last dose of a tetanus toxoid-containing vaccine


  • All healthcare personnel should have documented evidence of immunity to varicella

  • Evidence of immunity for healthcare personnel includes:

    • documentation of 2 doses of varicella vaccine administered at least 28 days apart

    • clinician verified history or diagnosis of varicella or herpes zoster

    • laboratory evidence of immunity, or

    • laboratory confirmation of disease

Documentation of immunity
Documentation of Immunity

  • Documentation of vaccination and other evidence of immunity, such as serologic testing, should be readily available at the work location

  • Healthcare personnel should have a copy of the vaccines they have received and the results of all serologic tests performed